Frenchman Leon Scott invented the phonautograph:(An instrument by means of which a sound can be made to produce a visible trace or record of itself.) The resulting transcription could not reproduce, the sound
HISTORY OF RECORDED MUSIC
Berliner developed a successful method of modulating the sound carrying groove laterally in the surface of a disc.
He also Invented a mass producing copies of original recorded music.
Pathe Freses started the world famous French company making phonographs and cylinders.
By now recorded music as a medium of entertainment had become firmly established with the public. The demand for recordings created investment in the infant record business.
E.R. Johnson first used the His Masters Voice trade mark.
The first 12 inch) diameter records were released on the Monarch label. HMV Italiana released Verdis Ernani on 40 single sided discs.
The first jazz releases on cylinder helped to delay the final demise of this format. Leopold Stokowski, with the Philadelphia Orchestra, began recording for the Victor Company at the Camden, New Jersey studios.
Electrical recording was in the experimental stage. Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra produced the first million seller with Japanese Sandman coupled with Whispering and began a major new popular music craze that boosted the record industry throughout the decade. Garrard Engineering, a subsidiary of the British Crown jewellers, commenced manufacture of precision clockwork gramophone motors.
Electrical Recording First Issue
The first electrical recordings were issued by Victor and Colombia in the US. In March, Alfred Cortot electrically recorded works by Chopin and Schubert in Victors Camden Studios. The first commercial electrical recording prompted all other major companies to follow suit. In June Jack Hylton and his Orchestra used the technique to record Feelin Kind O Blue at the HMV Studios at Hayes, Middlesex. HMV also released the first electrically recorded symphony.
The oil industry had developed a multi purpose thermo plastic, polyvinylchloride (PVC), suitable for making recording tape and gramophone records with very low surface noise. The flow characteristics of PVC made possible the pressing of microgroove long playing records developed by a CBS team headed by Dr Peter Goldmark. Edison had released Long Playing Discs with a duration of twenty minutes per side as early as 1926 but they could not be fairly compared with the CBS microgroove LP.
Multi Sound Track
Cinerama presented multi sound track replay to the public for the first time. This stimulated public interest in the possiblility of stereo recordings and research was stepped up.
Pre-recorded Musicassettes were released. Simple to use, the cassette format was to become very popular. However, during its first year on the market only 9000 units were sold.
By 1968 around eighty-five different manufacturers had sold over 2.4 million cassette players world wide and in that year alone the cassette business was worth about $150 million. By the end of the decade, the Philips compact cassette had become the standard format for tape recording.
Recording had become such a complicated process that the computer memory was added to studio equipment.
Sony introduced the Soundabout cassette player which was later renamed the Walkman. The innovative elements of this machine were the tiny headphones capable of producing good quality sound with only the smallest signal from the amplifier
Michael Jacksons Thriller album released by the Columbia subsidiary Epic Records ultimately sold 40m copies world wide and became the most successful product in the history of recorded sound.
CD was officially launched in the UK on March 1 it was hailed as " the most important development in the recording music industy scince the long playing record.