The History of Libraries.

  • 300

    The Great Library.

    Great Library of Alexandria, a public library open to those with the proper scholarly and literary qualifications, founded about 300B.C..
  • 500

    Egypt Reforms.

    In the early 500s in Egypt, a man named Pachomius established a monastery and insisted on literacy among his monks. This was to have a long-lasting effect even after the Roman Empire split in two about 100 years later. Throughout the rest of the eastern empire, monastic communities emerged with small and mostly theological libraries.
  • Sep 29, 1400

    Renaissance Library.

    Cosimo de Medici of the famous Florentine family established his own collection, which formed the basis of the Laurentian Library. Also in Italy, the Vatican Library opened in the 1400s.
  • The Golden Age.

    Throughout the 1600s and 1700s, libraries surged in popularity. They grew as universities developed and as national, state-supported collections began to appear. Many of these became national libraries.
  • First Library.

    First Library.
    Benjamin Franklin and his Junto Sociaty opened the first library of the Philadelphia Library Company.
  • Invasion of Washington D.C..

    Invasion of Washington D.C..
    The British invaded Washington D.C. and burned down the Library of Congress destroyingtheir collection of 5,000 books.
  • Gray's Circulating Library opens.

    This library opened in Fredericksburg in 1822 and it cost five dollars to check out books for a year.
  • School Library Service is founded.

    Melvin Dewey founds the School Library Service, the first training school for librarians.
  • Rome Library

    Julius Caeser dreamed of creating a library and when he passed away, Asinius Pollio made it a reality. Middle of the second century.
  • Creation of the MARC.

    Creation of MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging, which allowed bibliographic data to be entered and dessminated electronically on computer tapes.