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The history of compuers and programing

  • 1936 Z-1 was invented

    1936 Z-1 was invented
  • Period: to

    The history of programing

    from the Z-1 to present year
  • Period: to


  • research breakthrough

    research breakthrough
    In Germany, Helmut Schreyer receives his doctoral thesis in engineering for demonstrating how electronic vacuum tubes can be used as basic units for ultra-high-speed digital computers.
  • HP was founded

    HP was founded
    Hewlett-Packard is founded in Palo Alto, Calif.
  • Long distance computing

    Long distance computing
    George Stibitz rents a telephone link from Dartmouth to his computer in New Jersey and demonstrates long distance computing in an address to the Dartmouth Mathematical Society in Hanover, N. H.
  • analog calculator

    analog calculator
    Vannevar Bush completes his second model of the analog calculator, subsequently used to help devise artillery firing tables for the U.S. government whuch would be used prior to the second world war.
  • collossus

    Colossus, the world's first electronic computer, begins operations in December in England. Designed by Alan Turing and a team of scientists to decipher the signals of the German code machine Enigma, Colossus will help win the war for the Allies.
  • Konrad Zuse

    In wartime Germany, unable to obtain material for circuits to control his computers, Konrad Zuse creates the first programming language, Plankalkul, for both numerical and nonnumerical problems.
  • ww2 ends the Z-1 was damaged in a bomming raid

    ww2 ends the Z-1 was damaged in a bomming raid
    the z-1 was damaged in a bombing raid
  • The mark 1

    The Harvard Mark I, designed primarily by Prof. Howard Aiken (with funding by Thomas Watson and IBM), launches today's computer industry. The Mark I is the world's first fully automatic computer and the first machine to fulfill his dream
  • Transsistor

    scientists John Bardeen, Walter Houser Brattain and William Bradford Shockley revolutionize the young computer industry by inventing the transistor
  • first games

    first games
    M.I.T.'s Claude Shannon switches on computer game history when he demonstrates how to outline problems using game-playing machines, then builds a chessplaying machine called Caissac.
  • first games

    first games
    On an 8x8 board, Alan Turing writes the first computer program to simulate chess
  • "war games"

    The American military begins to use computers to simulate operations in its "war games."
  • IBM manufacture update

    IBM, the world's largest purveyor of punched card office machines, shifts to the manufacture of electronic computers.
  • The awards for the transistor

    The awards for the transistor
    Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley receive the Nobel Prize for their invention of the transistor. Shockley, who had left Bell Labs founds Shockley Transistor Corporation. Engineers from Shockley Transistor will form their own major electronics firms.
  • software the word

    software the word
    The term "software" becomes widely accepted throughout the computer industry.
  • schools join the fun

    Schools begin to use computers for science simulation, math quizzes and educational games.
  • texas instuments becomes LEGENDARY!

    texas instuments becomes LEGENDARY!
    Texas Instruments unveils the first solid-state hand-held calculator. It has no electronic display, but prints out answers on a strip of heat-sensitive paper.
  • IBM improvising

    IBM announces the System/32, a desk-size unit that contains all the computer hardware.

    Atari founder, invents and markets Pong, considered by many the first milestone in video game history.

    The first Adventure game is programmed by Crowther and Wood at Princeton University.

    Video games appear everywhere: in restaurants, gas stations, bars. With threatening names like Centipede and Space Invaders, the quarter-gobbling dwarfs cause concern among parents.

    In a lean Christmas shopping season, computer video games (with TV hook-ups) are huge hits. The favorites are Intellivision and Atari.