The Great Depression (1929-1939)

Timeline created by weston.penninger
In History
  • Herbert Hoover is president.

    Herbert Hoover is president.
  • First Academy Awards

    First Academy Awards
  • Car radio was invented.

    Car radio was invented.
    Paul Galvin patented the first car radio built for a Model A Deluxe coupe.
  • Stock market crashes.

    Stock market crashes.
  • Debut of the Mickey Mouse comic strip.

    Debut of the Mickey Mouse comic strip.
  • Hostess Twinkies are invented.

    Hostess Twinkies are invented.
  • President Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.

    President Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.
  • The Nazi party becomes the second largest political party in Germany.

    The Nazi party becomes the second largest political party in Germany.
  • Nevada legalizes gambling.

    Nevada legalizes gambling.
  • Hoover postpones war debt payments.

    Hoover postpones war debt payments.
    President Hoover proposes that payments of all inter-governmental war debts and reparations be held up for one year in order to give European countries a "breathing spell."
  • The United Kingdom abandons the gold standard.

    The United Kingdom abandons the gold standard.
  • Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion.

    Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion.
  • Deuterium is discovered by chemist Harold Clayton Urey.

    Deuterium is discovered by chemist Harold Clayton Urey.
    Deuterium is a heavy form of hydrogen.
  • Johnny Cash was born.

    Johnny Cash was born.
  • The World Disarmament Conference.

    The World Disarmament Conference.
    President Hoover supports armament limitations at the World Disarmament Conference.
  • The Dow Jones reaches its lowest level during the Great Depression at 41.22.

    The Dow Jones reaches its lowest level during the Great Depression at 41.22.
  • Reichstag elections held.

    Reichstag elections held.
    The Nazis win 37% of the vote, becoming the largest party in the Reichstag (German government).
  • Meteorite strikes in Archie, Missouri.

    Meteorite strikes in Archie, Missouri.
    A fragment is on display in the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC.
  • Economy Act of 1933

    Economy Act of 1933
    Officially titled the Act of March 20, 1933; an Act of Congress that cut the salaries of federal workers and reduced benefit payments to veterans, moves intended to reduce the federal deficit in the United States.
  • The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.

    The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
  • Karl Jensky discovers radio waves in the center of the Milky Way.

    Karl Jensky discovers radio waves in the center of the Milky Way.
    The detection by Karl Jansky of radio waves from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy is reported in the New York Times. The discovery leads to the birth of radio astronomy.
  • The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game

    The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game
    The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
  • Percy Shaw patents the cat's eye road-safety device in Britain.

    Percy Shaw patents the cat's eye road-safety device in Britain.
  • Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament.

    Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament.
  • The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released.

    The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released.
  • The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission formed.

    The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission formed.
    The SEC holds primary responsibility for enforcing the federal securities laws, proposing securities rules, and regulating the securities industry, the nation's stock and options exchanges, and other activities and organizations.
  • The United States Marine Corps leaves Haiti.

    The United States Marine Corps leaves Haiti.
    The United States occupation of Haiti began on July 28, 1915, when 330 US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on the authority of US President Woodrow Wilson to safeguard the interests of US corporations. The occupation ended on August 1, 1934, after President Franklin D. Roosevelt reaffirmed an August 1933 disengagement agreement.
  • Franco-Italian Agreement

    Franco-Italian Agreement
    French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement.
  • Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional.

    Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional.
  • Babe Ruth, 40, announces his retirement as a player.

    Babe Ruth, 40, announces his retirement as a player.
  • National debt above 30 billion dollars.

    National debt above 30 billion dollars.
    By August 1935 the national debt rose above 30 billion dollars, exceeding by 4 billion the debt incurred during World War I and twice what it had been under President Hoover.
  • Richter scale invented.

    Richter scale invented.
    Charles Richter and Beno Gutenberg develop the Richter magnitude scale for quantifying earthquakes.
  • US President Roosevelt signs 2nd Neutrality Act.

    US President Roosevelt signs 2nd Neutrality Act.
  • First flight of Hindenburg.

    First flight of Hindenburg.
    The German zeppelin Hindenburg begins to fall seconds after catching fire.
  • Leukemia patient injected with a sodium radioisotope.

    Leukemia patient injected with a sodium radioisotope.
    Physician Joseph Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, the first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope.
  • Joe DiMaggio joins the MLB.

    Joe DiMaggio joins the MLB.
    NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets 3 hits.
  • Unemployment rate is at 16.9%

    Unemployment rate is at 16.9%
    1935's unemployment rate was at 20.1%, so the depression is starting to end.
  • Plow for laying submarine cable patented.

    Plow for laying submarine cable patented.
  • FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court.

    FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt's "court packing" plan failed.
  • 1st US social security payment made.

    1st US social security payment made.
  • The Hindenburg crashes.

    The Hindenburg crashes.
    German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ, killing 36 people.
  • "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" premiere

    "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" premiere
    The first full-length animated feature film and the earliest in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre
  • March of Dimes.

    March of Dimes.
    The March of Dimes is established by Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
  • Nazi Germany invades Austria.

    Nazi Germany invades Austria.
  • Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide).

    Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide).
  • Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1.

    Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1.
  • FDR lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

    FDR lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
    President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
  • 1st nuclear fission experiment in the US.

    1st nuclear fission experiment in the US.
    1st nuclear fission experiment (splitting of a uranium atom) in the US, in basement of Pupin Hall, Columbia University by a team including Enrico Fermi
  • Franco conquers Barcelona

    Franco conquers Barcelona
    Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco conquers Barcelona.
  • Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes

    Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes
  • "The Hound of Baskervilles" is released.

    "The Hound of Baskervilles" is released.
    "The Hound of Baskervilles", starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson for the first time, is released
  • 9 million persons unemployed in the United States.

    9 million persons unemployed in the United States.
    As of August 1, 1939, approximately 9 million persons were unemployed in the United States, about one-sixth of the total labor force.
  • Period: to

    National Revolutionary Party

  • Period: to

    40% of the nation's banks fail.

  • Period: to

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt is president.