On March 4, 1929 Herbert Hoover was elected as president of the United States.
Audrey Hepbrun, an international star, is born.
Al Capone is arrested in Philadelphia for carrying a concealed weapon.
Curtiss-Wright Corporation founded
The Curtiss Wright Corporationis an American manufacturer and service provider. By the end of WWII it was the largest aircraft manufacturer in the US.
This was an economic disaster, marked by the crash of the stock market. It is the most devestating stock market crash in history, marking the beginning of the great depression.
The Empire State Building
Excavation work on the Empire state Building in New York begins.
Ghandi led the salt march in resistance to the tax on salt. This was a big move in Indian independence movement.
London Naval Treaty
This agreement between the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Italy, and the US regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding.
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
This tariff raised tariffs to some of the highest levels seen in history. The intentions were to prtect domestic farmers against foreign agricultural imports. It ultimately had a negative effect, causing the prices of farm crops to decrease and trade withother countries to decline.
Clarence Birdseye invents frozen food and patents the idea.
Construction on the Hoover Dam on the Colorado River began in 1931 and ended in 1936.
President Hoover and congress approve the Star Spangled Banner, by Francis Scott Key, as the national anthem of the US.
This was a public statement given by President Hoover. Hoover wanted to slow down the economic crisis around the world by putting a one year moratorium on WWI payments, and other war debts.
Japan Invades Manchuria
The Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invades Manchuria after the Mukden incident. Japan's occupation here lasted until the end of WWII.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
This agency gave 2 billion in aid to local and state governments and loaned to banks, railroads, and other associations. Nearly all of the loans were repayed.
James Chadwick publishes "Nature", in which he speaks about his discovery of the neutron.
The Bonus Army
This was an assemblage of over 40,000 people in Washington D.C. during the spring and summer of 1932. It was mainly WWI veterans with their families and affiliated groups. They are protesting to get their money.
Revenue Act of 1932
This act raised tax rates in the US all across the board. The rate on top incomes rose from 25% to 63%. It was the first tax on gas at 1 cent per US gallon.
The First New Deal
The New Deal was implemented by FDR to help the economy recover. It introduced business partnerships, created jobs, controlled prices, and payed attention to farmers.
Adolf Hitler Appointed Chancellor of Germany
President Paul Von Hindenburg appoints Hitler chancellor of Germany as an attempt to keep him and the Nazi party "in check".
Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected as president.
First Solo Flight Around the World
Wiley Post is the first man to circumnavigate the world alone by plane.
The ratification of the 21st Amendment ends the prohibition era.
Shirley Temple stars in her break-through film, "Stand Up and Cheer!".
Nylon is first produced by Dr. Wallace H. Carothers.
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
This is a law gorverning the secondary trading of stocks and bonds.
Indian Reorginization Act
This US legislation secured certain rights to Native Americans, supported tribal self governing, and provided an economic foundation for Indian reservations.
US Pulls Troops from Haiti
The United States pulls its troops home from Haiti, ending the ongoing occupation there since 1915.
Black Sunday was one of the worst storms during the Dust Bowl. it caused major agricultural and economic damage in the plains region.
Works Progress Administration
The WPA was created to help people find work and fund reconstruction and art projects.
The First Parking-Meter
The world's first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma to a design by Holger George Thuesen and Gerald A. Hale,
Social Security Act
This law provided unemployment insurance for workers who had lost their jobs, provided pensions for retired workers, and gave disabilities payments to disabled, eldery, and single mothers.
The Nuremberg Laws of 1935
These laws in Germany, passed by the Nazi government, took German citizenship away from Jews and outlawed marriage and sexual contact between Jews and non-Jews.
Dorothea Lange's photograph "Migrant Mother" is of Florence Owen Thompson and her children. It showed the conditons many migrants faced and evoked a strong emotional response from the nation.
Focke-Wulf Fw 61
The first functional helicopter, Focke-Wulf Fw 61, made its first flight.
Spanish Civil War Begins
The Spanish Civil War began, and was fought until April 1, 1939 between the Republicans and Nationalists.
Tripartite Agreement of 1936
This was an international monetary agreement between the US, France, and Great Britain to stabilize their currencies.
Fireside Chat 8
FDR gave his eighth fireside chat on farmers and laborers to remind people how industrial and agricultural businesses work together.
FDR's Second Term
Franklin D. Roosevelt gives his second inaugeral address for his second term as president.
William Henry Hastie
William Henry Hastie was the first African American to becom a federal judge.
Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate Bridge, in San Francisco, opened to pedestrian traffic. The first vehicles crossed it the next day.
Unemployment Insurance Legislation
Laws approving unemployment insunrance become active nationwide.
Second Sino-Japanese War
Japan invaded China, starting the Second Sino-Japanese War. It didn't end until September 9, 1945. This was the largest Asian War in the 20th century.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
This was an alternative to the unconstitutional act of 1933 in the first New Deal. Its goals were to conserve soil, reduce crop production, and provide aid to migrant farmers.
Fair Labor Standards Act
Minimum wage is introduced on a national scale. It must be $.25 and over time of time and one half. It also dictated how long a work week should be.
Representatives from 32 countries met at Evian-les-Bains, France to discuss Jewish immigration from Germany and what actions should be taken. All the countries there but one refused to allow more immigrants into their country.
The first patents to nylon are made by DuPont, and the first product made using it is a toothbrush (bristles).
War of the Worlds
"War of the Worlds" was a radio drama directed by Orson Welles. It was broadcasted as news bulletins that an alien invasion had begun on Earth. Many listeners believed the invasion was real.
Grapes of Wrath
This novel was written by John Steinbeck. It was set during the Great Depression and showed the economic and agricultural hardship a poor family of tenant farmers faced. It won the National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize for fiction.
World War II
Neville Chamberlain, Britain's Prime Minister, declared war on Germany. Thus began World War II.
Neautrality Acts of 1939
The United States declares its neutrality in the Eurpoean war after Germany invades Poland. This ultimatel becomes WWII.
Although exact dates vary, 1939 is often considered the year the Great Depression ended.