Fdr 1944 color portrait tif

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

  • Born

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt born in Hyde Park, NY
  • Attends Harvard

    FDR enrolls in Harvard University.
  • Father's Death

    Franklin's father, James Roosevelt, dies at the age of 72.
  • Graduates from Harvard

    Franklin Roosevelt receives his A.B. from Harvard University.
  • Columbia Law School

    Roosevelt enters Columbia Law School
  • Marries Eleanor

    Marries Eleanor
    Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt get married and take a honeymoon trip to Europe.
  • Admitted to New York Bar Association

    Admitted to the New York Bar Association and becomes clerk in the law firm of Carter, Led-yard, and Mil-burn
  • Elected to New York Senate

    Elected to the New York State Senate from the 26th District
  • Visits Panama Canal

  • Assistant Secretary of the Navy

    Sworn in as Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the Woodrow Wilson Administration
  • Defeated for United States Senate

    Defeated in Democratic primary, for the U.S. Senate by James W. Gerard.
  • Takes tour of Caribbean

    Undertakes inspection tour of Haiti and Santo Domingo.
  • Promotes deployment

    Promotes deployment of 230-mile long minefield be­tween Orkney Islands and Norway designed to bottle up German U-boat fleet in the North Sea
  • Returns to Law Firm

    Returns to active work in the law firm of Emmet, Marvin & Roosevelt, and at the same time becomes the vice-president in charge of the New York office of the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, the third largest surety bonding company in the country
  • Stricken with Polio

    Stricken with poliomyelitis at Campobello, New Brunswick, Canada. Transferred to Columbia-Pres­byterian Hospital in New York City, for the start of a long recuperation process, largely unsuccessful. He never again walked unaided.
  • Publishes Book

    Publishes his first book. Whither Bound
  • Nominated for Governor

    New York State Democrats nominate FDR for governor.
  • Elected as Governor

    Elected governor of New York over Republican challenger Albert Ottinger.
  • Re-elected Governor

    Reelected governor of New York, defeating Republican opponent Charles H. Tuttle.
  • New Deal session

    Calls a special session of Congress and proclaims a. bank holiday to beg in March 6. Congress sits for "hundred days" from March 9 to June 16 and enacts into law the principal New Deal measures.
  • Nominated for President

    Democratic Party nominates him for president on the fourth ballot at its convention in Chicago. John Nance Garner is vice-president.
  • Accepts Nomination

    Flies from Albany to Chicago to accept nomination; pledges "a new deal for the American people.”
  • Wins Presidential Election

    Elected president, defeating Herbert Hoover.
  • Attempted Assassination

    Unhurt in assassination attempt by Giuseppe Zangara in Miami, Florida.
  • Inauguration

    FDR inaugurated; addresses the nation on his plans to fight the depression stating that "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself." Also pledges the United States to the Good Neighbor policy.
  • Signs Economy Act

    Signs the Economy Act, reducing the salaries of federal employees
  • Signs Beer-Wine Revenue Act

    Signs Beer-Wine Revenue Act which amends the Volstead Act to legalize the manufacture and sale of beer and wine, and levies a $5.00 per barrel tax
  • Recommends creation of TVA

    Recommends to Congress the creation of a Tennessee Valley Authority.
  • Signs the Agricultural "Adjustment Act.”

  • Signs National Industry Recovery Act

    Signs the National Industrial Recovery Act, which establishes the National Recovery Administration and the Public Works Administration.
  • Recognizes the Soviet Union.

  • Signs the Homeowners Loan Act

  • Signs Trade Agreements Act

    Signs the Trade Agreements Act which authorizes him to cut tariffs by up to 50% for those nations that accorded the U.S. the most favored nation treatment.
  • Signs National Housing Act

    Signs National Housing Act which establishes Federal Housing Administration.
  • Asks Congress to assist the needy

    Asks Congress to enact legislation to assist the needy and unemployed.
  • Signs Emergency Relief Appropriation Act

    Signs Emergency Relief Appropriation Act which provides for large-scale national works program for jobless employees. Major agencies of the program are the Public Works Administration and the Works Progress Administration, renamed Work Projects Administration in 1939.
  • Sets up National Youth Admininstration

    Sets up National Youth Administration to provide jobs for youths aged 16 to 25
  • Signs the Social Security Act.

  • Signs Neutrality Act

    Signs the Neutrality Act which imposes a mandatory arms embargo against all belligerents.
  • Re-elected as President

    Roosevelt is reelected, defeating Alfred M. Land on of Kansas.
  • Fighting breaks out in China

    Fighting breaks out between Japanese and Chinese troops at the Marco Polo Bridge near Peking.
  • Speech in Chicago

    Delivers speech in Chicago calling for a "quarantine" of aggressor nations
  • Minimum Wages and Hours Bill

    Congress passes Minimum Wages and Hours Bill.
  • Signs Emergency Appropriation Bill

    Signs the emergency appropriation bill for national defense.
  • Pledges support

    Pledges full support for any American nation which is attacked by hemispheric outsiders.
  • Sends message to Hitler and Mussolini

    Sends message to Hitler and Mussolini seeking formal assurance that they will not invade 31 independent nations.
  • 1st President to appear on Television

    Becomes first president to appear on televi­sion, addressing the opening ceremonies of the New York World’s Fair.
  • Germany attacks Poland

  • Proclaims state of limited national emergency

  • Letter from Einstein

    Receives letter dated August 2, 1939 from Albert Einstein which discusses the possibility of an atomic bomb. Creates President's Advisory Committee on Uranium the following day to explore the potentialities of atomic energy.
  • Accepts Nomination for 3rd Term

    Accepts Democratic Party's "draft" for the presidency and agrees to run for an unprecedented third term. Demands Henry Wallace as vice-president.
  • Germany Invades more European nations

    Germany invades Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg and France.
  • France Surrenders

    France signs armistice with Germany at Compiegne.
  • Joint Defense Board Established

    Meets with Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King to plan joint defense measures. Joint Defense Board established.
  • FDR aids Britain

    FDR overrides advice of Joint Board of the Army and Navy and decides to extend full military assistance to Great Britain.
  • Japan joins Axis

    Japan signs a three-power pact with Germany and Italy, pledging mutual assistance in the event of war with a nation not then a belligerent.
  • Wins 3rd Term

    Elected to a third term, defeating Wendell Willie.
  • Lend lease bill signed

  • FDR extends lend-lease aid to China

  • Germany invades U.S.S.R.

  • Establishes the Office of Scientific Research and Development

    Establishes the Office of Scientific Research and Development to coordinate the U.S. scientific effort, including radar, proximity fuse, sonar and the atomic bomb. Development of the bomb was transferred later to the Army under the Manhattan District project.
  • Japanese military occupies French Indochina

  • U.S. embargoes Japan

    United States embargoes gas, oil, and metal shipments to Japan and freezes Japanese assets in the U.S.
  • Mother's Death

    His mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, dies at age 86.
  • Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

  • Asks Congress to declare war on Japan

  • Germany and Italy declare war on the United States

  • Eleanor goes to the South Pacific

    Dispatches Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt on a 25,000 mile trip to installations in the South Pacific war zone
  • Battle of Midway

    Japan handed its first major defeat at the battle of Midway, which checks the Japanese advance across the central Pacific.

    FDR decides to execute TORCH, the invasion of north Africa
  • British Eighth Army launches invasion of Italy

  • Invasion of Normandy plan established

    Roosevelt, Church ill and Stalin meet at Tehran and agree that the invasion of Normandy is main objective in 1944.
  • Eisenhower named Commander of France Invasion

    Roosevelt in Christmas radio message announces the appointment of General Eisenhower as supreme commander of Overlord-the invasion of France.
  • Creates War Refugee Board

  • U.S. Fifth Army liberates Rome

  • D-Day

    Allied forces invade France. FDR goes on radio to announce cross-Channel invasion is under way; leads nation in prayer for speedy victory.
  • Nominated for 4th Term

    Roosevelt nominated for a fourth term. Drops Wallace and accepts Harry Truman as vice-president.
  • European Nations Liberated

    France, Belgium and Luxembourg liberated by General Eisenhower’s Allied Forces
  • U.S. forces enter Germany

  • Russians reach Oder River

  • Malta Conference

  • U.S. Army invades Okinawa

    U.S. Tenth Army invades Okinawa, main island of the Ryukyu, 360 miles southwest of Japan.
  • U.S. Ninth Army reaches the Elbe River

  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies

    Roosevelt dies at Warm Spring, Georgia.
  • Roosevelt is buried in the Rose Garden of his home at Hyde Park, New York

     Roosevelt is buried in the Rose Garden of his home at Hyde Park, New York