Franklin's father, James Roosevelt, dies at the age of 72.
Graduates from Harvard
Franklin Roosevelt receives his A.B. from Harvard University.
Columbia Law School
Roosevelt enters Columbia Law School
Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt get married and take a honeymoon trip to Europe.
Admitted to New York Bar Association
Admitted to the New York Bar Association and becomes clerk in the law firm of Carter, Led-yard, and Mil-burn
Elected to New York Senate
Elected to the New York State Senate from the 26th District
Visits Panama Canal
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Sworn in as Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the Woodrow Wilson Administration
Defeated for United States Senate
Defeated in Democratic primary, for the U.S. Senate by James W. Gerard.
Takes tour of Caribbean
Undertakes inspection tour of Haiti and Santo Domingo.
Promotes deployment of 230-mile long minefield between Orkney Islands and Norway designed to bottle up German U-boat fleet in the North Sea
Returns to Law Firm
Returns to active work in the law firm of Emmet, Marvin & Roosevelt, and at the same time becomes the vice-president in charge of the New York office of the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, the third largest surety bonding company in the country
Stricken with Polio
Stricken with poliomyelitis at Campobello, New Brunswick, Canada. Transferred to Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City, for the start of a long recuperation process, largely unsuccessful. He never again walked unaided.
Publishes his first book. Whither Bound
Nominated for Governor
New York State Democrats nominate FDR for governor.
Elected as Governor
Elected governor of New York over Republican challenger Albert Ottinger.
Reelected governor of New York, defeating Republican opponent Charles H. Tuttle.
New Deal session
Calls a special session of Congress and proclaims a. bank holiday to beg in March 6. Congress sits for "hundred days" from March 9 to June 16 and enacts into law the principal New Deal measures.
Nominated for President
Democratic Party nominates him for president on the fourth ballot at its convention in Chicago. John Nance Garner is vice-president.
Flies from Albany to Chicago to accept nomination; pledges "a new deal for the American people.”
Wins Presidential Election
Elected president, defeating Herbert Hoover.
Unhurt in assassination attempt by Giuseppe Zangara in Miami, Florida.
FDR inaugurated; addresses the nation on his plans to fight the depression stating that "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself." Also pledges the United States to the Good Neighbor policy.
Signs Economy Act
Signs the Economy Act, reducing the salaries of federal employees
Signs Beer-Wine Revenue Act
Signs Beer-Wine Revenue Act which amends the Volstead Act to legalize the manufacture and sale of beer and wine, and levies a $5.00 per barrel tax
Recommends creation of TVA
Recommends to Congress the creation of a Tennessee Valley Authority.
Signs the Agricultural "Adjustment Act.”
Signs National Industry Recovery Act
Signs the National Industrial Recovery Act, which establishes the National Recovery Administration and the Public Works Administration.
Recognizes the Soviet Union.
Signs the Homeowners Loan Act
Signs Trade Agreements Act
Signs the Trade Agreements Act which authorizes him to cut tariffs by up to 50% for those nations that accorded the U.S. the most favored nation treatment.
Signs National Housing Act
Signs National Housing Act which establishes Federal Housing Administration.
Asks Congress to assist the needy
Asks Congress to enact legislation to assist the needy and unemployed.
Signs Emergency Relief Appropriation Act
Signs Emergency Relief Appropriation Act which provides for large-scale national works program for jobless employees. Major agencies of the program are the Public Works Administration and the Works Progress Administration, renamed Work Projects Administration in 1939.
Sets up National Youth Admininstration
Sets up National Youth Administration to provide jobs for youths aged 16 to 25
Signs the Social Security Act.
Signs Neutrality Act
Signs the Neutrality Act which imposes a mandatory arms embargo against all belligerents.
Re-elected as President
Roosevelt is reelected, defeating Alfred M. Land on of Kansas.
Fighting breaks out in China
Fighting breaks out between Japanese and Chinese troops at the Marco Polo Bridge near Peking.
Speech in Chicago
Delivers speech in Chicago calling for a "quarantine" of aggressor nations
Minimum Wages and Hours Bill
Congress passes Minimum Wages and Hours Bill.
Signs Emergency Appropriation Bill
Signs the emergency appropriation bill for national defense.
Pledges full support for any American nation which is attacked by hemispheric outsiders.
Sends message to Hitler and Mussolini
Sends message to Hitler and Mussolini seeking formal assurance that they will not invade 31 independent nations.
1st President to appear on Television
Becomes first president to appear on television, addressing the opening ceremonies of the New York World’s Fair.
Germany attacks Poland
Proclaims state of limited national emergency
Letter from Einstein
Receives letter dated August 2, 1939 from Albert Einstein which discusses the possibility of an atomic bomb. Creates President's Advisory Committee on Uranium the following day to explore the potentialities of atomic energy.
Accepts Nomination for 3rd Term
Accepts Democratic Party's "draft" for the presidency and agrees to run for an unprecedented third term. Demands Henry Wallace as vice-president.
Germany Invades more European nations
Germany invades Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg and France.
France signs armistice with Germany at Compiegne.
Joint Defense Board Established
Meets with Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King to plan joint defense measures. Joint Defense Board established.
FDR aids Britain
FDR overrides advice of Joint Board of the Army and Navy and decides to extend full military assistance to Great Britain.
Japan joins Axis
Japan signs a three-power pact with Germany and Italy, pledging mutual assistance in the event of war with a nation not then a belligerent.
Wins 3rd Term
Elected to a third term, defeating Wendell Willie.
Lend lease bill signed
FDR extends lend-lease aid to China
Germany invades U.S.S.R.
Establishes the Office of Scientific Research and Development
Establishes the Office of Scientific Research and Development to coordinate the U.S. scientific effort, including radar, proximity fuse, sonar and the atomic bomb. Development of the bomb was transferred later to the Army under the Manhattan District project.
Japanese military occupies French Indochina
U.S. embargoes Japan
United States embargoes gas, oil, and metal shipments to Japan and freezes Japanese assets in the U.S.
His mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, dies at age 86.
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
Asks Congress to declare war on Japan
Germany and Italy declare war on the United States
Eleanor goes to the South Pacific
Dispatches Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt on a 25,000 mile trip to installations in the South Pacific war zone
Battle of Midway
Japan handed its first major defeat at the battle of Midway, which checks the Japanese advance across the central Pacific.
FDR decides to execute TORCH, the invasion of north Africa
British Eighth Army launches invasion of Italy
Invasion of Normandy plan established
Roosevelt, Church ill and Stalin meet at Tehran and agree that the invasion of Normandy is main objective in 1944.
Eisenhower named Commander of France Invasion
Roosevelt in Christmas radio message announces the appointment of General Eisenhower as supreme commander of Overlord-the invasion of France.
Creates War Refugee Board
U.S. Fifth Army liberates Rome
Allied forces invade France. FDR goes on radio to announce cross-Channel invasion is under way; leads nation in prayer for speedy victory.
Nominated for 4th Term
Roosevelt nominated for a fourth term. Drops Wallace and accepts Harry Truman as vice-president.
European Nations Liberated
France, Belgium and Luxembourg liberated by General Eisenhower’s Allied Forces
U.S. forces enter Germany
Russians reach Oder River
U.S. Army invades Okinawa
U.S. Tenth Army invades Okinawa, main island of the Ryukyu, 360 miles southwest of Japan.
U.S. Ninth Army reaches the Elbe River
Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies
Roosevelt dies at Warm Spring, Georgia.
Roosevelt is buried in the Rose Garden of his home at Hyde Park, New York