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Unit 7 (1890-1945 ) Part 3

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  • monotheistic religion

    monotheistic religion
    Belief system in which one supreme being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe.
  • universalizing religion

    universalizing religion
    The three main universalizing religions are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism.
  • Progressive Party

    Progressive Party
    political party was formed by Theodore Roosevelt in an attempt to advance progressive ideas and unseat President William Howard Taft in the election of 1912.
  • 18th amendment

    18th amendment
    the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
  • Warren G. Harding

    Warren G. Harding
    established the Veteran's Bureau and the Bureau of the Budget
  • Speakeasies

    Speakeasies
    illicit establishment that sells alcoholic beverages. Such establishments came into prominence in the United States during the Prohibition era
  • Flappers

    Flappers
    were a generation of young Western women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior.
  • Rise of jazz music

    Rise of jazz music
    First popularized by blacks in the south in late-19th century and early-20th century, then transported north, where white jazz bands became more popular; was America's most native music
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald

    F. Scott Fitzgerald
    American fiction writer, whose works helped to illustrate the flamboyance and excess of the Jazz Age. While he achieved popular success, fame, and fortune in his lifetime, he did not receive much critical acclaim until after his death.
  • Ernest Hemingway

    Ernest Hemingway
    an American journalist, novelist, short-story writer, and noted sportsman
  • Ezra Pound.

    Ezra Pound.
    was an expatriate American poet and critic, and a major figure in the early modernist poetry movement
  • Gertrude Stein

    Gertrude Stein
    an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector. Born in the Allegheny West neighborhood of Pittsburgh, and raised in Oakland, California, Stein moved to Paris in 1903
  • Edith Wharton

    Edith Wharton
    American novelist, short story writer, playwright, and designer. Wharton drew upon her insider's knowledge of the upper class New York "aristocracy" to realistically portray the lives and morals of the Gilded Age
  • Louis Daniel Armstrong

    Louis Daniel Armstrong
    was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.
  • Jelly Roll Morton

    Jelly Roll Morton
    an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • Lead Belly

    Lead Belly
    an American folk and blues musician notable for his strong vocals, virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the folk standards he introduced
  • Josephine Baker

    Josephine Baker
    an American-born French entertainer, activist, French Resistance agent and freemason. Her career was centered primarily in Europe, mostly in her adopted France
  • Ma Rainey

    Ma Rainey
    one of the earliest African-American professional blues singers and one of the first generation of blues singers to record.
  • Impact of cars and gasoline: social

    Impact of cars and gasoline: social
    1: Cars became symbol of freedom and respect; 2: Allowed for vacations and new ways to spend leisure time
  • Navitism

    Navitism
    the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
  • Immigration Acts

    Immigration Acts
    First legislation passed which restricted the number of immigrants.
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff

    Fordney-McCumber Tariff
    This tariff rose the rates on imported goods in the hopes that domestic manufacturing would prosper. This prevented foreign trade, which hampered the economy since Europe could not pay its debts if it could not trade.
  • Federal Farm Board

    Federal Farm Board
    Agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture; it offered farmers insurance against loss of crops due to drought; flood; or freeze. It did not guarantee profit or cover losses due to bad farming.
  • The Great Crash of 1929

    The Great Crash of 1929
    during which the stock market dropped violently, losing much of its value and contributing to the start of the Great Depression, was the impetus for a great number of reforms and regulations related to securities trading., Took place on "Black Tuesday," the main cause of the Great Depression
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    A consumer panic in the stock market on October 29, 1929 that is said to allegedly be the main cause of the Great Depression. This crash continued past the 29th well into November, when the DJIA fell from 381 to 198.7.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world, lasting from 1929 to 1939.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    Prices fell by 40 points. The total losses that day are estimated to be over 20 million. The previous Thursday is when a panic swept through the stock market and people began to sell their stock at an alarming rate.
  • Expansion of the Federal Farm Board (FFB)

    Expansion of the Federal Farm Board (FFB)
    include making loans to farm cooperatives in order to create "stabilization corporations" that would keep agricultural prices up and provide a method of handling excess production.
  • A balanced federal budget

    A balanced federal budget
    Instead of increasing taxes to increase revenue, Herbert Hoover felt that cutting taxes would encourage more spending
  • Impact of airplanes

    Impact of airplanes
    Increased American freedom; unsafe at first, but regular flights very safe by 1930s and 1940s
  • Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act

    Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act
    forced workers to sign promises to not join a union. It also said the federal courts could not hinder strikes, boycotts, or peaceful protesting by unions.
  • Bonus Army

    Bonus Army
    veterans tried to pressure Congress to pay them their retirement bonuses early. Congress considered a bill authorizing immediate assurance of $2.4 billion, but it was not approved.
  • Twenty-First Amendment

    Twenty-First Amendment
    repeal the 18th Amendment (Prohibition). Congress legalized light beer. Took effect in December 1933. Based on recommendation of the Wickersham Commission that Prohibition had led to a vast increase in crime.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

     Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
    Provided jobs for single males on conservation projects
  • Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)

    Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
    Helped states to provide aid for the unemployed
  • Public Works Administration (PWA)

    Public Works Administration (PWA)
    Created jobs on government projects
  • Civil Works Administration (CWA)

    Civil Works Administration (CWA)
    Provided work in federal jobs
  • Emergency Banking Relief Act (EBRA)

    Emergency Banking Relief Act (EBRA)
    Roosevelt declared a bank holiday and closed down all the banks to be inspected. Those that were considered stable could reopen while others that were in financial crisis would remained closed or they could obtained loans if necessary
  • Glass-Steagall Act

    Glass-Steagall Act
    Created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corportation (FDIC), which protected bank deposits up to $5,000, thus reassuring the Americans that their money were safe
  • National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)

    National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
    Provided money to states to create jobs; it was struck down by the Supreme Court as unconstitutional on the ground that it gave legislative powers to the executive branch and that the enforcement of industry codes within states went beyond the federal government's constitutional powers to regulate interstate commerce
  • National Recovery Administration (NRA)

    National Recovery Administration (NRA)
    Establish codes of fair competition
  • Federal Securities Act

    Federal Securities Act
    Required corporations to provide complete information of all stock offerings and made them liable for misrepresentations
  • Share our wealth societies

    Share our wealth societies
    government could use the tax system to confiscate the surplus riches of the wealthiest americans and distribute these surpluses to the rest of the population
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
    Supervised the stock market and eliminated dishonest practices
  • trickle-down economics

    trickle-down economics
    economic theory that holds that money lent to banks and businesses will trickle down to consumers
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)

    Works Progress Administration (WPA)
    Quickly created as many jobs as possible
  • National Youth Administration (NYA)

    National Youth Administration (NYA)
    Provided job training for unemployed young people and part-time jobs for needy students
  • Banking act

    Banking act
    Created seven-member board to regulate the nation's money supply and the interest rates on loans
  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    Parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas that were hit hard by dry topsoil and high winds that created blinding dust storms
  • The Grapes of Wrath

    The Grapes of Wrath
    The story follows the fortunes of a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California. based on the great depression written by John Steinbeck