The Evolution of Technology

  • Holes in Cards

    Holes in Cards
    Holes in cards are methods of record keeping popular mainly in the 19th century. This system used levers which punched holes in a card that had specific numbers printed on it.
  • The Analytical Machine

    The Analytical Machine
    This machine was the first general computer. This computer had integrated memory.

    This is a line of electronic digital-stored program computers. Later UNIVAC became the Remington Rand company.
  • Von Neumann Architecture

    Von Neumann Architecture
    This is a design model for a stored program digital computer. It is named from its creator.

    ENIAC means Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. This was the first electronic general-purpose computer.
  • High-Level Programming Language

    High-Level Programming Language
    This language is a programming language with strong abstraction from details of the computer. There are some natural language elements.
  • UNIX Operating System

    UNIX Operating System
    Trademark for a powerful operating system. UNIX stands for UNiplexed Information and Computing System.
  • Altair

    This is an innovative engineering company. It was originally considered a small personal computer.
  • Apple

    This is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer electronics. The company’s best know product is their Macintosh computers.
  • CRAY-1

    This was a supercomputer built by Cray Research. It contains 200,000 integrated circuits and can perform millions of operations per second.
  • First Electronic Spreadsheet

    First Electronic Spreadsheet
    An electronic spreadsheet is used to organize data. This data is put into a grid or table system so it can be computed and kept together.
  • PC

    PC stands for personal computer. These personal computers are designed for individual use by the public.
  • Macintosh

    Many people refer to these computers as Macs and they are a series of personal computers. Apple incorporated designs and sells them.
  • Windows

    Microsoft windows is another name for this series of graphical interface operating systems developed by Microsoft. This is a basic program on a computer.