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The Events of 1850 to 1861

  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    This book talked about the severity of slavery and how it created conflict between free and slave states. The book was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 and she published this book after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law.
  • Bloody Kansas

    Bloody Kansas was a violent conflict between 1854-1861 in Kansas where free states and slave slates fought to make Kansas of their own.
  • Republican Party

    The Republican Party's goals were to stop slavery from going further West and the party fought to give rights to African Americans.
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Allowed settlers to be apart of popular sovereignty to where settlers could determine whether the state would be free or a slave state.
  • Election of 1856

    Election of 1856
    The Democrat party had elected James Buchanan as their candidate while the Republicans elected John C. Fremont as their candidate, but in the end, Buchanan won. The win of Buchanan just further divided the North and South through their ideals and beliefs.
  • Brooks-Sumner Incident

    Brooks-Sumner Incident
    Charles Sumner gave a two-day speech on the events happening in Texas, "The Crime Against Kansas," in which he made fun of Senator Andrew Butler. In the end, Senator Preston Brooks ended up attacking Summer with a cane and he was never fully recovered from it.
  • LeCompton Constitution

    This was proposed by pro-slavery Southerners, this Constitution was made for Kansas. The Constitution protected slavery and would not allow for free slaves. This Constitution was rejected and Kansas ended up becoming a free state.
  • Dred Scott

    Dred Scott was a slave that had been taken into free states and decided to sue for his rights to be free, but the court came to the conclusion that he was not even a citizen.
  • House Divided Speech

    Abraham Lincoln gave a speech where he said if the United States wanted to be a free country that there had to be something done immediately. The speech made more discontent between the North and South as the South opposed Lincoln and the North supported him.
  • Lincoln Douglas Debates

    There were 7 seven debates, Douglas was a Democratic while Lincoln was a Republican. Lincoln argued that Douglas kind of wanted to extend slavery by using popular sovereignty and that slavery was wrong. Douglas argued that popular sovereignty would keep the Union together. Southerners were not pleased by Douglas as he did in a way still support free states in a way as he wanted the choice of popular sovereignty.
  • John Brown

    John Brown was an abolitionist. John is well known for the idea of freeing slaves to the point where he committed murder, treason, caused destruction, and many more things. John Brown led an attack on Harper's Ferry to which he was unsuccessful, this ended with him being put on trial, and eventually, he was hung.
  • Raid of Harper's Ferry

    John Brown led a group of followers in an attack on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia. His goal was to use the weapons seized to lead a slave uprising. This 'attack' was unsuccessful as John ended up taken a prisoner by Colonel Robert E. Lee.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln ran for the Republicans and Stephen Douglas ran for the Democrats. In the election, Lincoln won by 180 electoral votes, and Douglas only received 12 electoral votes. This election established the Democratic and Republican parties as to the two main parties and it also added more tension for the states.
  • Secession

    Eleven states in the South seceded from the Union calling themselves "The Confederate States of America", while 21 states stayed with the Union.
  • Lincoln's First Inaugural Address

    Lincoln promised the people that he would not interfere with slavery in the areas where it was already present. In his Inaugural Address, he also addressed the Secession.