THE ENLIGHTENMENT, REVOLUTIONS AND AN EMPIRE

Timeline created by andy25sTEC
In History
  • 1561

    Publishment of Observationes Anatomicae

    Publishment of Observationes Anatomicae
    Scientific Revolution: Venice.
    Important character: Gabriele Falloppio.
    Even though it was recognized as a critic of Vesalius´s work, it was also an informative​ text, since the fallopian tubes were first mentioned and some reproductive parts were named. This is why this work is known as the most important ones in anatomy regarding ​that period.
  • Publishment of Astronomia Nova

    Publishment of  Astronomia Nova
    Scientific Revolution: Prague.
    Important character​: Johannes Kepler.
    In this book, he introduced two of his three laws which created a revolutionary and accurate model of some planets' orbits and trajectories. There have been many advances in our knowledge of planetary orbits since. All this made a very important change in astronomy.
  • Publishment of Philosophia Naturalis Principia Mathematica

    Publishment of Philosophia Naturalis Principia Mathematica
    Scientific Revolution: London
    Important character: Isaac Newton.
    This production contained Newton’s three laws of motion and account of universal gravitation, this is why some people consider it one of the most important works ever made in the scientific ambit.
  • A Discourse on the Origins of Inequality

    A Discourse on the Origins of Inequality
    Enlightenment. France
    Important character: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    A discourse on the origins of inequality was one of the strongest critics of modernity ever written in which Rousseau described the nature of the man. Rousseau was one of the most influential philosophers. However, he was not a very academic person.
  • The Social Contract

    The Social Contract
    Enlightenment: France.
    Important character: John Locke.
    In the Social Contract, he established that all men are born with natural rights of life and when these are taken from the individual, revolt can be made. This made John Locke one of the most important philosophers in the period.
  • Dictionnaire philosophique portatif

     Dictionnaire philosophique portatif
    Enlightenment: France
    Important character: Voltaire
    Dicionnaire philosophique portatif is a work to entertain and instructs anyone that wanted to be a philosopher. In this book, Voltaire can freely express himself and his thoughts about the church and society.
    He wanted to defend freedom of religion and politics, playing an important role in the Enlightenment .
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    American Revolution: Boston.
    Important character: Private Hugh White.
    This was a riot that later led to the American revolution because of anti-British people. Private Hugh White was the only soldier on King Street. It wasn’t long before colonists started using violence and threats.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    American Revolution: Charlestown.
    Important character: Major General William Howe
    The British, who were led​ by General Howe defeated the American in this battle which had place in Massachusetts. Breed’s Hill and the Charlestown Peninsula were now over British control.
  • Battle of Camden

    Battle of Camden
    American Revolution: Battle of Camden.
    Important characters: Horatio Gates
    This was a devastating event in which South Carolina was tragically defeated. Even though soldiers bravely fought, the defeat was inevitable. Horatio Gates led this battle but also led the Saratoga battle in which he had a successful​ victory.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    The Tennis Court Oath
    French Revolution: France
    Important characters: The third estate.
    On June 17, the deputies of the Third Estate realized that they would have more votes than the clergy and the nobility so
    the king was forcing them to separate. They moved to a tennis court that was near, and there they made a promise to never separate until France had established a written constitution.
    The third estate was common people that had to fight for their rights and did not like the clergy or reign.
  • The Storming of the Bastille

    The Storming of the Bastille
    French Revolution: Paris
    Important character: Louis XVI
    A Paris´prision, known as the Bastille, was violently attacked by an aggressive group of people. The event became one of the defining moments in the Revolution that followed. Louis XV, the last ruler was like the cause of this riot because it was his state prison and if they attacked it, it was because they were mad at it.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    French revolution: France
    Important character: Marie Antoinette
    France was being attacked by Austria and its allies, so King Louis XVI tried to escape from the country but the Parisians put him and the queen under arrest. On January 21, 1793 he was decapitated. Queen Marie Antoinette was found guilty of many crime and was also guillotined.
    Marie Antoinette: Marie Antoinette was the queen of France in 1792 .She was also responsible for causing and accelerating the revolution.
  • Battle of Austerlitz

    Battle of Austerlitz
    Napoleonic Empire: Austerlitz
    Important character: Mijaíl Kutúzov
    The battle of Austerlitz was a great victory for Napoleon because he defeated Austrians and Russians forcing Austria to make peace with France. Kutúzov​ led the Russians and is famous for his fights with Napoleon.
  • The Return of Aristocracy

    The Return of Aristocracy
    Napoleonic Empire: French Empire.
    Important character: Napoleon Bonaparte.
    Napoleon brought back the French aristocracy and gave titles to his friends and relatives. We put him in this section because even though he is known for other things, this decision he took was not wise either democratical, by this you can tell most of his principles and desire to have control over everything.
  • Russian Invasion

    Russian Invasion
    Napoleonic Empire: Russian Empire.
    Important character: Alexander I
    Also called the beginning of the end, Napoleon´s attempt to invade Russia is a failure and thousands of his loyal soldiers die. Tragical event. Alexander I led to a political massive reconstruction and was the czar during the Russian Invasion.