Cold war

The Early Cold War Events (1945-1975)

  • HUAC

    HUACHouse Un-American Activities Committee was created to investigate possible revolutionary activities by fascist, nazis, or communists
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    red scare
    Was a time, shortly after WWII, when the nation was swept up in the fear of communism and the fear that the US would become a communist government
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    YaltaThe Big Three, which consisted of the US, Russia, and GB, met to decide upon the fate of post-war Europe. They decided to divide Germany into zones. Germany had to pay reparations to the Soviets. The Soviets promised to allow free elections in eastern Europe and help fight Japan. They also formed the United Nations.
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    The United Nations was formed after WWII to replace the League of Nations, to prevent wars between countries and to provide a platform for dialogue.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    Potsdam was the final wartime conference. Original US and GB leaders in the Big Three had died and Stalin was the only original member left of the Big Three. Future moves in the war against Japan were covered.
  • Truman Doctorine

    Truman Doctorine
    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine was made by President truman which gave economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents.
  • Hollywood Ten

    Hollywood Ten
    the hollywood ten was a group of prominent screenwriters and directors that were alleged to have communist ties and were blacklisted. They were banned from working at studios and were seen as outcasts and "criminals"
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was an act where the US supplied economic aid to European nations to help them rebuild after World War II.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The berlin airlift was the US and british response to the actions of the Soviets when they created a blockade to hold West Berlin hostage in hopes that they could keep Germany divided and weak.
  • NATO

    NATO, otherwise known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was to unify and strengthen the Western Allies' military response to a possible invasion of western Europe by the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies.
  • Joseph McCarthy

    Joseph McCarthy
    Joseph Mccarthy appeared about 1950 and fueled the red scare in the United states through reckless accusations of suspected communists.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    When communist North Korea invaded South Korea US and UN troops interfered and thus started the Korean "War". The US and UN troops pushed North Korea almost to China's border and they made the 38th parallel and North & South Korea fought there for two more years.
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    Korean War

    When communist North Korea invaded South Korea US and UN troops interfered and thus started the Korean "War". The US and UN troops pushed North Korea almost to China's border and they made the 38th parallel and North & South Korea fought there for two more years.
  • Nuclear Arms Race

    Nuclear Arms Race
    The Nuclear arms race was a competition for supremacy between the US and the USSR ( Soviet Union) and their respective allies during the Cold War.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact ws created for the soviet Union and its allies so that if any member was attacked they would come to their defense. The pact included the soviet union, albania, romania, poland, hungary, east germany, czechoslovakia, and bulgaria.
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    Space Race

    The space race was a competition between the US and the Soviet Union to see which superpower would dominate the exploration of space.
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik 1 was the first man made satellite and it was made by the Soviets. Its primary purpose was to send back temperatures from space, but this also meant that the Soviets won the space race.
  • NASA

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created in 1958 to bring competing military space programs into one effort. Soon, they developed rockets, built the space capsules and satellites and hired astronaut men to fly/pilot them.
  • U2 Crisis

    U2 Crisis
    In 1960 a U2 spy plane crashed near Svedvlosk, Soviet Union. This event had a lasting negative impact on the US-USSR relations.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    The Bay of Pigs was a failed invasion by the US to stop/assasinate Fidel Castro and take down his communist reign over Cuba.
  • Berlin Wall (constructed)

    Berlin Wall (constructed)
    the order for the building of the Berlin wall came to be because over two and a half million people had escaped into into west berlin.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Krushchev's continued testing of Kennedy's resolve is what caused the Cuban Missile Crisi, The cuban Missile Crisi is such an important event because this incident is the closest the world has ever come to a Nuclear War.
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    Vietnam War

    The vietnam war was started because President Eisenhower did not want communism to spread throughout the world and eventually to America.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave President Lyndon B. Johnson the power to send troops to Vietnam.
  • Escalation (vietnam)

    Escalation (vietnam)
    The 36th president, Lyndon B. Johnson, escalated the U.S. troop levels drastically after the Gulf of Tonkin incident. Johnson did not want the war and thought that if he put pressure on the North Vietnamese that they would back down, but they didn't. So, as the war got bigger and bigger Johnson would escalate and vice versa.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a series of suprise attacks in 1968 by the Vietcong and North Vietnamese forces on major cities, towns, and military bases throughout South Vietnam.
  • Man On The Moon

    Man On The Moon
    on July 20, 1969, commander Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon. The reason behind landing on the moon was to outdo the Soviets since they were the first to launch a satellite into space during the space race between the US and the Soviets
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization was where President Nixon withdrew American troops from Vietnam, which he was hoping would give South Vietnam a greater responsibility for fighting the war.
  • Kent State and Jackson University Shootings

    Kent State and Jackson University Shootings
    At noon about 500 students gathered around the Victory Bell on the Commons, the traditional site for rallies. A group of history students, who had organized the protest, buried a copy of the Constitution, which they claimed had been murdered when US troops were sent into Cambodia without a declaration of war by Congress. The newly trained national guard didn't know how to handle this type of problem and fired into the crowd which killed 5 students.
  • Berlin Wall (torn down)

    Berlin Wall (torn down)
    The Berlin wall represented the imprisonment of the people of East Germany. when it was built it was done to stop an ever increasing number of people leaving the communist side of occupied Germany.This had the effect of permanently breaking up family's, friendships, as well as driving home the fact that Germany was not 1 united nation. The moment the East German government lost the power to enforce the existence of the wall the people literally ripped it down reuniting Germany