The Development of Labor Unions

  • The National Trades Union

    The National Trades Union
    The first national union
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt

    Commonwealth v. Hunt
    A court case where Massachusetts ruled unions as legal.
  • Knights of Labor

    Knights of Labor
    First major union; found by Uriah Stephens (phildelphia tailor). Had a membership of 9 thousand-men, women, african americans, and immigrants; skilled and unskilled. Boasted a membership of 700 thousand. Won several strikes, but their influence declined after they were blamed for killing 7 police officers who attempted to break up a meeting in Chicago.
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor
    (Samuel Gompers) it organized the skilled workers by crafts. Fighting for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions by collective bargaining.
  • The Homestead Strike

    The Homestead Strike
    Steel workers went on strike against the Carnegie Steel plant because that company reduced the workers wages. This stike turned violent after the company hired private police to protect them; nine strikers and seven police officers were killed.
  • American Railway Union

    American Railway Union
    A railroad fireman Eugene V. Debs found this.
  • Pullman Company

    Pullman Company
    The workers who manufactured sleeping and dining cars, went on strike becuase their wages were cut. Acting our of sympathy for the workers, conductors & engineer of the American Railway Union refused to handle trains with Pullman cars attached. Ajudge ordered them back to work and they refused so the President sent in troops. the violence turned public opinion against strikers and their president was jailed.
  • The International Workers of the World

    The International Workers of the World
    This was organzied for the unskilled workers and immigrants. They formed a large national union that used strikes and sabotage to accomplish their goals instead of the peaceful American Federation of Labor.
  • Clayton Act

    Clayton Act
    This allowed pciketing and it also limited using injunctions in labor disputes.
  • National Labor Relations Act

    National Labor Relations Act
    It protected the workers rights, allowing them to organize and elect representatives for colective bargaining. The CIO (Congress of Industrial Organization) was formed by AFL unions to support unionism in the industry.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    Fair Labor Standards Act
    This established minimum wage (25 cents and hour) and time and a half for over fourty hours of work a week.
  • Fair Labor Act

    Fair Labor Act
    Prohibited child labor.
  • AFL and CIO

    AFL and CIO
    Merged together.