The Classical Period (1730s-1810s)

By Kiley13
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    Francois Couperin

    French composer, began writing in the new Rococo Style
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    Jean-Philippe Rameau

    A French Composer and Theorist who tried to establish a rational foundation for harmonic practice. Wrote the "Treatise on Harmony" in 1722, beginning of modern music theory.
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    Pietro Metastasio

    A court poetic in Vienna, was a primary librettist for opera seria in the late Baroque and Classical periods. Most famous as a librettist as he set the standard for the operatic style in 1750.
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    Frederick the Great

    The King of Prussia from 1740 to 1786 with many achievements such as the reorganization of Prussian arts, military victories and even a gifted musician.
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    Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

    The son of J.S. Bach, and was the primary composer of the Empfindsamkeit style of composing. Worked for Frederick the Great who reigned over Prussia.
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    Christoph Willibald Gluck

    Mainly wrote dramatic operas and brought back the reform of opera in Italy
  • Prussia Dissolved

    Prussia was once the leading state in the German Empire, containing Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania and many more contrives and then it was dissolved in November of 1918
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    Charles Burney

    Organist, amature composer, write and music scholar
  • Classical Period

    Developed in 1730s in Italy beginning with Opera. Singable melodies, symmetrical phrasing, easier harmonies and slower harmonic rhythms
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    The Rococo Style

    Rococo- derives from the French word, "Rocaille" which means scroll. Features very ornate style and flourishes.
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    Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)

    Primary mover within the new classical style with instrumental music.
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    J.C. Bach

    Bach's style used beautiful melodies and bits of chromaticism. Wrote Italian operas, church music and even orchestral works.
  • Invention of the Symphony

    In the 1740s a composer named Giovanni Battista Sammartini invented the symphony in Milan, Italy.
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    Giovanni Paisiello

    A great Italian Composer who wrote 94 Operas
  • Chamber Music

    String Quartet: one of the most important chamber genres introduced in the 1750s
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    Antonio Salieri

    A very successful court composer in Vienna. He was very popular and very talented. Composed many operas in Italian, German and French
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    Maria Anna Mozart (Nannerl)

    Mozart's older sister, often described as equal in talent and skill. She toured with Mozart in his childhood.
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    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    A child prodigy, both him and his sister were taken on tours of Europe by their father Leopold Mozart. A keyboard virtuoso, as well as a good violinist and dancer. Performed for many higher ups, for aristocratic homes, courts, and for the public.
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    Maria Theresa von Paradis

    An excellent pianist and organist, renowned for her musical memory. She was also blind. Composed many works such as concertos, piano trios, cantatas and operas
  • Empfindsamkeit

    This style desired to give off a simple and natural feeling but still remain expressive.
  • Motivic Development

    A short musical idea that is used as the basis of a piece
  • Absolute Music

    No programmatic or literary connections- just music, no story
  • Sonata Form

  • Minuet and Trio

    A minuet is a dance, a subgenre AND a form with an A B A form.
    Minuet- A
    Trio- B
    Minuet- A
  • Rondo Form

    Rondo form is based on the notion of a main refrain that is repeated. A B A C A, OR A B A C A B A
  • Rounded Binary Form

    2 sections: The second section usually ends with a partial return of the first section A BA'
  • Scherzo

    Similar to a minuet, but usually faster and more vigorous. Means joke or jest in Italian. Same form as minuet- A B A
  • Theme and Variation Form

    Popular in the 18th century: first a theme is presented then a series of variations based on that theme
  • Opera Buffa

    Comedic operas that used realistic characters and serious topics. Derived from original opera
  • The Beggar's Opera

    Resembled a play with English songs!
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    Industrial Revolution

    Made mass production possible
  • Invention of the Piano

    The first piano was patented in London in 1777. It was very difficult to create a hammer that would allow rapid repeating of notes. The color of keys were originally swapped and it was much smaller.
  • Turkish Style= Janissary Style

    Popular in Vienna during Haydn and Mozart's lifetimes. Turkish fashion, art, food, and culture was very popular.
  • Le nozze di Figaro

    Based on a play that was banned in France and had 4 acts
  • Don Giovanni

    Considered the best opera ever composed by three different composers