The Classical Era

By hvictry
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    Bartolomeo Cristofori

    most pianists point to him for the invention of the "first" pianoforte
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    Franz Xaver Richter

    inventor of string quartet, first composed in 1750s, prestigious chamber music genre
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    The Classical Era

    role of melody was to establish symmetry in musical forms (order, objectivity, symmetry, etiquette, restraint, harmonic proportion)
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    Franz Joseph Haydn

    one of the most original and inventive composers, had difficulties but ended up being hired by Esterhazys (1761) to compose, lead chapel services, train and supervise instrument maintenance and repairs
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    Giovanni Paisiello

    very good Italian composer, wrote 94 operas
  • String Quartet

    one of the most important chamber genres; four movements, following general outline of a symphony
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    Instrumental Music

    targeted towards middle/upper-class amateurs, noble courts, and dance music for all levels of society
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    Maria Anna Mozart (Nanner)

    Mozart's older sister, toured with him during her childhood, she played difficult pieces with "incredible precision"
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    Maria Theresa von Paradis

    excellent pianist and organist, renowned for her remarkable musical memory (60 concertos at a time), she was blind, and most of her music was lost
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    Industrial Revolution

    mass production possible, wanted to recreate Greek art and music
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    "Sturm und Drang" (Storm and Stress)

    German authors were first to signal an interest in creating literature that was more dramatic and realistic, foreshadowing of Romanticism
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    American Revolution

  • Piano

    first patented version of piano was in London
  • Mozart

    he bought his first piano in Vienna
  • Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453

    Mozart wrote 27 piano concertos, most of which he played himself, was written for a student of his named Babette (Barbara von Ployer)
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    French Revolution

  • Symphony No. 100 in G Major

    one of London symphonies, used trumpet fanfares, Turkish military percussion instruments: triangle, cymbals, bass drum, bell tree, riq
  • "Papa Haydn"

    retired in Vienna, was celebrity, composed 2 large and important oratorios late in his life, 1803 his health declined and he stopped composing
  • Haydn's Concerti

    trumpet concerto in E-flat Major, 3 movements (allegro, andante, allegro) (sonata rondo form)
  • String Quartet in C Major, Opus 76, No. 3

    theme and variations, theme and variation 1 are homophonic; variations 2, 3, and 4 are polyphonic
  • "The Creation"

    by "Papa Haydn"
  • "The Seasons"

    by "Papa Haydn"