The Civil War Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The South opened fire on the north at 4:30 am. Anderson, the major of the U.S troops, was forced into surrender after 34 hours of battle. The fort was evacuated 2 days later, while federal troops were giving a 100 gun salute, an explosion happened which ended the ceremony.
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    The Civil War Timeline

  • Firts Battle of Bull Run

    Firts Battle of Bull Run
    General irvin McDowell comanded union troops attacked the
    Confederate army at Sudley Ford to attempt to destroy the souths left flank. The south made the uniton retreat by screaming as they advanced and breaking union line. There were 3,000 union deaths and 1,750 confederate deaths. The confederates won against the union in the battel of bull run.
  • Shiloh

    It was the second greatest engagement of the civil war, The confederates attacked the union in south western Tennessee. The south was not able to hold their positions and the union won; both sides lost more than 23,000 people. The battle was fought in the woods and neither sides troops were trained properly. The battle ended the next day but, both sides were unable to fight for the next 3 weeks due to losing about 10,000 men.
  • Chancellorsiville

    This battle was fought around 7 days and it said to be the confederates greatest victory. The south faced an army nearly twice the size and split his troops in 2 surprising the northern general. The northern general fell back to defensive traditions.
  • Hampton Roads Battle

    Hampton Roads Battle
    This was history’s first duel between ironclad warships. This war was for the Confederate to attempt to break the Union blockade of Southern ports. Both sides believed it was a victory for themselves.
  • Vicksburg

    The union had gained almost all the land around the Mississippi River. General Ulysses S. Grant had come up with the idea to make a canal around Vicksburg. This would make it so the confederate could not get to the land very easily. Grant made a bold move to come up behind confederate line and surprise attack. They surrounded their troops and were able to seize them from any counter attack. The north came out with a victory on July 4th.
  • Gettysburg

    The battle started out with the some confederates led by Hill, and Ewell. They planned to go and scope the town of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. When they got there they found 2 union cavalry brigades had already arrived. The confederate was able to drive the union back to Cemetery Hill. General Lee wanted Ewell to attack them there, but he refused causing other generals to be mad at Ewell, and the longer he waited the more union troops appeared. On the 2nd day of battle the confederate had planned
  • Antietam

    The first battle of the Civil War, on northern land, was fought in Sharpsburg Maryland. It was the bloodiest single day battle in American history with over 22,000 deaths. The union claimed a victory. This was the first battle that graphic photographs of the dead were brought home.
  • Chickamauga

    On the first day the confederates attacked the unions left wing repeatedly. The confederates split into two wings with two commanders. The union lost about 16,000 men, and the confederates lost around 20,000.
  • Fredricksburg

    Burnside crossed the Rappahannock with over 120,000 union troops. He ordered his left wing to attack the souths right while the rest of the army attacked Longstreet’s First Corps. The commander of the north decided not to send 50,000 more troops and the south was able to counter attack. The union suffered their 10,000 deaths, while the confederates count had less than 5,000
  • Wilderness Battle

    Wilderness Battle
    This battle also lasted two days. At the end of the first day of battle, both sides lay where they had that morning. Neither side ahead of the other. Grant ordered an attack at four a.m. in the morning. Longstreet, who led the south, was shot in the shoulder by one of his own men by accident. The battle ended on May 7th inconclusively.
  • Spotslyvania Battle

    Spotslyvania Battle
    This battle was fought for two days. The south marched south to try to get between the north’s army. The destination was the court house in Spotsylvania. The north lost about 18,000 and the south lost about 11,000. The south built a salient and named it “mule shoe.” After a lot of fighting, the north won.
  • Petersburg

    Petersburg was a rail center. The confederates had started off with control of the railroad. Soon after the railroads began to break down, and were unusable. The confederates were weak, and lacked food, troops, weapons, and everything needed to survive in battle. General Grant soon crushed the south’s main force, and the confederates had to abandon post.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    When the Confederates lost Atlanta they headed west to Tennessee and Alabama. As they advanced, they attacked the Union supplies. Sherman split his army in two groups, one with 60,000 men to Nashville and the other 62,000 to Savannah. Sherman marched into Savannah and burned everything from South Carolina to Charleston. The Confederates surrendered and they ended the war. This was the idea of “total war.”
  • Licolns Assassintation

    Licolns Assassintation
    Lincoln was attending an opera the day he was assassinated. As he sat and watched like any other normal day, his killer, John Wilkes Booth, came up behind Lincoln and shoot him in the back of the head. This was certainly pre meditated murder. John fled after the shooting as he jumped off the balcony and broke his leg. He continued to flee for he would otherwise be taken away. The following day Lincoln was pronounced dead.