The Civil War

By s31082
  • The South Secedes

    When Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president, the South Carolina legislature perceived a threat. Calling a state convention, the delegates voted to remove the state of South Carolina from the union known as the United States of America. The secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of six more states -- Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas -- and the threat of secession by four more -- Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee.
  • the south creates a government

    At a convention in Montgomery, Alabama, the seven seceding states created the Confederate Constitution, a document similar to the United States Constitution, but with greater stress on the autonomy of each state. Jefferson Davis was named provisional president of the Confederacy until elections could be held.
  • The South Seizes Federal Forts.

    The South Seizes Federal Forts.
    When President Buchanan -- Lincoln's predecessor -- refused to surrender southern federal forts to the seceding states, southern state troops seized them. At Fort Sumter, South Carolina troops repulsed a supply ship trying to reach federal forces based in the fort. The ship was forced to return to New York, its supplies undelivered.
  • Lincoln's Inauguration

    Lincoln's Inauguration
    At Lincoln's inauguration on March 4, the new president said he had no plans to end slavery in those states where it already existed, but he also said he would not accept secession. He hoped to resolve the national crisis without warfare.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    When President Lincoln planned to send supplies to Fort Sumter, he alerted the state in advance, in an attempt to avoid hostilities. South Carolina, however, feared a trick; the commander of the fort, Robert Anderson, was asked to surrender immediately. Anderson offered to surrender, but only after he had exhausted his supplies. His offer was rejected, and on April 12, the Civil War began with shots fired on the fort. Fort Sumter eventually was surrendered to South Carolina.
  • Four More States Join the Confederacy

    The attack on Fort Sumter prompted four more states to join the Confederacy. With Virginia's secession, Richmond was named the Confederate capital.
  • West Virginia Is Born

    West Virginia Is Born
    Residents of the western counties of Virginia did not wish to secede along with the rest of the state. This section of Virginia was admitted into the Union as the state of West Virginia on June 20, 1863
  • Four Slave States Stay in the Union.

    Four Slave States Stay in the Union.
    Despite their acceptance of slavery, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri did not join the Confederacy. Although divided in their loyalties, a combination of political maneuvering and Union military pressure kept these states from seceding.
  • First Battle of Bull Run.

    Public demand pushed General-in-Chief Winfield Scott to advance on the South before adequately training his untried troops. Scott ordered General Irvin McDowell to advance on Confederate troops stationed at Manassas Junction, Virginia. McDowell attacked on July 21, and was initially successful, but the introduction of Confederate reinforcements resulted in a Southern victory and a chaotic retreat toward Washington by federal troops.
  • battle of baton rouge

    battle of baton rouge
    Failed Confederate attempt to recapture Baton Rouge, defeated in part by Union gunboats on the river.
  • opposition to the draft

    50,000 people (mostly Irish) riot in New York City in opposition to the draft, attacking and beating blacks
  • the battle of vicksburg

    the battle of vicksburg
    The Battle (Siege) of Vicksburg in Mississippi; 50,000 casualties; 29,000 rebels surrender.
  • battery wagner

    battery wagner
    54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry attacks Battery Wagner at Charleston Harbor, South Carolina