Civil war

The Civil War

  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President (first term)

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President (first term)
    Abraham Lincoln's election ultimately lite the fuse that started the Civil War. When he was elected, the South felt he wanted to end slavery everywhere even though he didn't want to do that exactly, he just wanted to stop the spread of slavery.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter that started the American Civil War. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the U.S. Army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor. It's signifigance was that it marked the begining of the Civil War, and showed the Union what they were up against.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    Tjis battle was also known as First Manassas and was fought in Prince William County, Virginia, near the city of Manassas. It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. Bull Run was the largest and bloodiest battle in American history up to that point. Union casualties were 460 killed, 1,124 wounded, and 1,312 missing or captured; Confederate casualties were 387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing.
  • Battle of Pea Ridge

    Battle of Pea Ridge
    This Battle was fought at Pea Ridge in northwest Arkansas, near Garfield. Union forces led by General Samuel R. Curtis moved south from central Missouri, driving Confederate forces into northwestern Arkansas. General Earl Van Dorn reorganized the Confederate army and launched a counter-offensive, hoping that a victory would enable the Confederates to recapture northern Arkansas and Missouri.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    This battle was a major battle fought in southwestern Tennessee. A Union army under General Ulysses S. Grant had moved via the Tennessee River deep into Tennessee and was encamped principally at Pittsburg Landing on the west bank of the river. Confederate forces under Generals Albert Sidney Johnston and Beauregard launched a surprise attack on Grant there. The Confederates achieved considerable success on the first day, but were ultimately defeated on the second day.
  • Seven Days Battles

    Seven Days Battles
    was a series of six major battles over seven days near Richmond, Virginia during the American Civil War. Confederate General Lee drove the invading Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by General McClellan, away from Richmond and into a retreat down the Virginia Peninsula. The series of battles is sometimes known erroneously as the Seven Days Campaign, but it was actually the culmination of the Peninsula Campaign, not a separate campaign.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    The Second Battle of Bull Run or the Second Manassas was fought as part of the American Civil War. It was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate General Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union General John Pope's Army of Virginia,
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam took place near Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek; it was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with about 23,000 casualties on both sides. President Lincoln was disappointed in McClellan's performance. He believed that McClellan's cautious and poorly coordinated actions in the field had forced the battle to a draw rather than a crippling.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    This battle was fought December 11–15 around Fredericksburg, Virginia, between General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by General Ambrose E. Burnside. The Union army's futile frontal assaults against entrenched Confederate defenders on the heights behind the city is remembered as one of the most one-sided battles of the American Civil War, with Union casualties more than twice as heavy as those suffered by the Confederates.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was an order issued by President Lincoln that freed all of the confederate slaves and was put into action on January 1st, 1863. No one really liked it, but it ultimately changed our history by weakening the Confederacy leading to the success of the Union.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    This battle was fought from April 30 to May 6, 1863, in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, near the village of Chancellorsville. Chancellorsville is known as Lee's "perfect battle" because his risky decision to divide his army in the presence of a much larger enemy force resulted in a significant Confederate victory.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    The Siege of Vicksburg was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. In a series of maneuvers, Union General Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army of General John C. Pemberton into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    was fought July 1–3 around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War, it is often described as the war's turning point. Union General George Gordon Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's invasion of the North. This war caused the confederates to lose politically as well as militarily.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    The Battle of Chickamauga marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and is one of the most well-known speeches in United States history.[1] It The Gettysburg Address was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    Braxton Bragg’s army laid siege to the Union army under General William Rosecrans at Chattanooga, cutting off its supplies. Ulysses S. Grant received command of the Western armies; he moved to reinforce Chattanooga and replaced Rosecrans with General George Thomas. The battle ended with a Union victory.
  • Battle of Spotsylvania

    Battle of Spotsylvania
    This battle was the second major battle in Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign of the American Civil War. Following the bloody but inconclusive Battle of the Wilderness, Grant's army disengaged from Confederate General Lee's army and moved to the southeast, attempting to lure Lee into battle under more favorable conditions. Elements of Lee's army beat the Union army to the critical crossroads of Spotsylvania Court House and began entrenching. Fighting occured on and off May 8-21.
  • Battle of Cold Harbor

    Battle of Cold Harbor
    This Battle was fought from May 31 to June 12, 1864. The most significant fighting occurred on June 3. It was one of the final battles of Union General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign during the American Civil War, and is remembered as one of American history's bloodiest, most lopsided battles. Thousands of Union soldiers were killed or wounded in a hopeless frontal assault against the fortified positions of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    Sherman's March is the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign conducted around Georgia by General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army in the American Civil War. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 16 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. It inflicted significant damage, particularly to industry and infrastructure, and also to civilian property.
  • Assassination of President Lincoln

    Assassination of President Lincoln
    Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated. The assassination was planned and carried out by the well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth, as part of a larger conspiracy in a bid to revive the Confederate cause. It extinguished the mood of reconciliation which followed the news of Appomattox, and caused a wave of bitterness in the North against the South in general and the Confederate leadership in particular, who were assumed, incorrectly but understandably, to be behind it.