The Civil War

  • Abraham Lincoln is elected President.

    Abraham Lincoln is elected President.
    Abraham Lincoln became the United States 16th President. Lincoln promoted equal rights for African Americans. Soon after Lincoln was nominated to be President, seven southern states seceded.
  • The Confederate States of America was formed

    The Confederate States of America was formed
    Soon after Lincoln was elected President, seven states of the south seceded. Those states included South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. After becoming the Confederate States of America, they elected Jefferson Davis as their President.
  • The Attack on Fort Sumter

    The Attack on Fort Sumter
    The Civil War began with the spark of the attack on Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter was a federal outpost in Charleston, South Carolina. Here the Confederate troops bombed the outpost of Fort Sumter from three areas in the Charleston Harbor. The Confederates won.
  • The First Battle at Bull Run

    The First Battle at Bull Run
    This was the first major battle of the Civil War. The battle shattered the North's hopes of winning the war quickly. So, the first battle of the war was won by the conferderates.
    * Battle also known as the First Battle of Manassas.
  • The Battle of Pea Ridge

    The Battle of Pea Ridge
    This battle was fought in Northwestern Arkansas where Samuel Curtis lead the Union army and General Earl Van Dorn lead the Confederates. The Union army won this battle. As a result of winning, the Union gained control of Missouri and Northern Arkansas.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    The battle of Shiloh was fought in Mississippi between Ulysses S. Grant ( Union),General A.S. Johnston( Confederate), and their armies. It was here thate the Union army gained greater control of the Mississippi River Valley. At the end of this battle, Johnston died and the Union Army defeated the Confederates.
  • Union captures New Orleans

    Union captures New Orleans
    New Orleans was the largest city in the South during the cIvil war. It was also neat the mouth of the Mississippi River. Davis G. Farragut lead the Union to the Forts of Jackson and St. Philip. After isolated by Union ships and being bombarded by motar boats, finally surrendered.
  • Seven Days' Battles

    Seven Days' Battles
    This battle was fought between George B. McClellan ( Union) and Robert E. Lees' ( Confederate) armies. Robert E. Lee and his army clashed with the Union. This forved the Union ary to retreat from Richmond. These seven days ended with the winning of the Conferderate Army.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    The Second Battle of Bull Run is also known as the Second Battle of Manasses. Here John Pope ( Union) and Andrew Jackson's ( Confederacy) armies fought for three days. After those three days, the Union was forced to retreat in defeat.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    This battle ended with the Union winning.The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single day battle of the Civil War. After the battle was over, President Abraham Liconln gave the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • The Battle of Fredricksburg

    The Battle of Fredricksburg
    Before this battle Lincoln replaced McClellan with General Ambrose Burnside. The Union decided to attack Lee with is divided army but because the Union were delayed in crossing the Rappahannock River, This gave the Confederates time to unite. When the Union came they launched a series of charges, but in the end, the Confederates won.
  • Emmancipation Proclamation

    Emmancipation Proclamation
    For several weeks in 1862, Abraham Lincoln worked intensly, thinking, writing, and re- writing, He finally wrote and finished it. The Emmancipation Proclamation was the order to free the Confederate slaves. However, it did not end slavery right then and there. It only freed slaves that were controlled by the Confederacy. It also did not end slavery in the border states as well.
  • The Seige of Vicksburg

    The Seige of Vicksburg
    Here, after Farragut tried to reach the city above, he left it up to General Grant. General Grant decided to starve the city to surrender. He cut off their city and shelled it repeatidly. After starving for so long and starting to eat horses, rats and dogs, the Conferderate Army surrendered to the Union Army.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Union won this battle. The Battle of Gettysburg was a key battle that finally turned the tide against the Confederates. This battle also ended the South's search for foriegn influence in the was. In the end when the battle was fought and over, the Gettysburg Address was soon given.
  • West Virginia becomes a state

    West Virginia becomes a state
    West Virginia becomes the 35th stated to be admitted into the Union. West Virginia became a key Civil War border state. Also, it was the only state to succeed from a Confederate State.( Virginia)
  • The Gettysburg Address

    The Gettysburg Address
    The Gettysburg Address was given to the people by President Abraham Lincoln. This speech is one of the most well known in all history of the United States. This speech was a dedication of the Soldiers' National cemetery in Pennsylvania.
  • The Seige of Petersburg

    The Seige of Petersburg
    The seige of Petersburg was a nine month campaign of trench warfare, ending in March of 1865. Petersburg was a crucial supply line for the Confederate army, After nine months of battle, The Union army finally defeated the Confederates.
  • Lincoln is Re-Elected ( second term)

    Lincoln is Re-Elected ( second term)
    Before Abraham Lincoln was elected President, he ran against democratic, George B. McClellan. Lincoln, however in the end won with 400,000 poular votes and easily secured an electoral majority. President Lincoln would only see just a few weeks of his reelection before he was assassination.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.
    In April, Lee and his amry was surrounded by the Union demanding their surrneder. After trying escape and failing, General Lee, decided to meet with Ulysses. With this meeting at the Courthouse, General Lee surrendered to the Union. This ended the war with the signing of surrender documents.
  • The Assassination of Abrahaham Lincoln

    The Assassination of Abrahaham Lincoln
    President Lincoln, on Friday April 14, 1865 went to a theatre to watch a performance, Little did he know, he would never leave that theatre alive. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilks Booth, who shot him in the head. Lincoln's assassination occured just as the CDivil War was coming to a close.