The American Civil War

By jman-6
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln, a Republican abolitionist, gets elected to the office of Presidentof the United States of America, and the Southern States threaten to secede.
  • South Secedes

    The southern states keep their promise, and they secede to keep their way of life and economy, with the right to contiinue the institution of slavery, which is important to the farming economy.
  • All Southern states form the Confederacy

    The Southern States create their own nation, the Confederate States of America (CSA).
  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
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    The Confederacy begins bombing Ft. Sumter, South Carolina and it starts the Civil War.
  • Four more states join

    Four more states join the Confederacy,(Arkansas, North Carolina,Tennessee, and Virginia). Richmond, Virginia is named the Capital of the Confederacy.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    The first Battle of Bull Run begins, and the Confederates win.
    Union General: General-in-Chief Winfield Scott
    Second Union General: General Irvin McDowell
    Confederate Generals: Joseph E. Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard. A Confederate Colonel distinguishes himself and earns a nickname - Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    This battle was the first major battle in the Western Theater.
    The Confederates surprised the Union forces near Pittsuburg Landing, TN but were pushed back the next day, leading to an overall Union victory.
    Union Generals: Ulysses S Grant and Don Carlos Buell
    Confederate Generals: Albert Sydney Johnston (KIA) and PGT Beauregard
  • Union takes first step in cutting Arkansas, Texas, and Louisiana from other Confederates

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    By this time, the largest city in the South, New Orleans is captured for the Union by Flag Officer David Farragut.
  • Seven Days battle

    Seven Days battle
    Seven Day's battle begins, and by the end of the last battle the Confederates have won.
    Union General: George McClellan
    Confederate General: Robert E. Lee
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This battle was bloodiest single day battle in Amerian History , with over 23,000 casulaties, and caused the British and the French to withold the recognition of the Confederacy. It was a major Confederate defeat in the War.
    Union General: GeorgeMcClellan
    Confederate General: Robert E. Lee
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Battle of Fredricksburg
    General McClellan's slow movements, combined with General Lee's escape, and continued raiding by Confederate cavalry, dismayed many in the North and led to McClellan's dismissal.
    His successor, Ambrose Burnside took the offensive and drove straight into Lee's fortified positions at Fredricksburg, VA. A major Union defeat
    Union General: Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside
    Confederate General: Robert E. Lee
  • Emancipation Proclamation

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    President Lincoln issued a military order that proclaimed all slaves in Confederate territory to be free. This caused all of the slaves in the Southern states to be free in the eyes of the Union. This caused more hatred for the North in the South's eyes.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    In a risky move by dividing his small army and with a daring flanking attack, "Stonewall" Jackson helped rout the Union even with the Union army over twice its size. After Jackson was accidentally shot by one of it's own troops, the South lost one of its best leaders.
    Union General: Joe Hooker
    Confederate General: Robert E. Lee and "Stonewall" Jackson
  • The Vicksburg Campaign

    The Vicksburg Campaign
    Vicksburg was the last Southern strongehold on the Mississippi River. After this seige ended on July 4 with a Union victory, the Confederacy was split in two because the Mississippi River was in Union hands.
    Union General: General Grant
    Confederate General: General John Pemberton
  • Battle of Gettysburg, PA

    Battle of Gettysburg, PA
    This (along with the fall of Vicksburg) was the turning point in the Civill War. The The South was winning a lot of battles, and from this point forward, the South could only fight defensive battles and never again was a major battle fought on Union soil. It also ended the hope of the Confederacy for recognition and aid by other governments.
    Union General: George Meade
    Confederate General: General Lee
  • Death of John Jackson Rayburn

    My ancestor, Private John Jackson Rayburn, of the 4th Miss Calvary was KIA in a skirmish near Springfield Landing, Louisiana.I was named for him.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    This battle was the last major victory by the Confederacy. This area was later lost, allowing for General Sherman's March to the Sea.
    Union General: Willam Rosencrans
    Confederate General: Braxton Bragg
  • Gettysburg address

    This address said that the Union soilders that have died would die for something important, and therefore should have a cemetary there. They built one and it still exists to this day.
  • Grant's Wilderness Campain

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    Once Lincoln promoted Ulysses S Grant to command the entire Union army, he waged a relentless war of attrition. This Campaign used up Confederate troop strength and supplies at a terrible rate. This caused the South to never again win.
    Union General: Ulysses S Grant
    Confederate General: Robert E Lee
    Confederate General: General Lee
  • Battle of Spotsylvania

    Battle of Spotsylvania
    This five-day battle inflicted lots of casulties on the Confederate army. It made the South struggle.
    Union General: General Grant
    Confederate General: General Lee
  • Battle of Cold Harbor

    Battle of Cold Harbor
    This was the last victory for the South in the Eastern Theater, and it made Grant lose 7,000 men in 20 minutes, but he had replacements.
    Union General: General Grant
    Confederate General: General Lee
  • Assault on Petersburg

    Assault on Petersburg
    In this area, trech warfare began to take hold, which would play a cruical role in WWI. The result was a Confederate victory, but later this would change. The battle that reversed this battle's result led to Lee's surrender.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    After the Atlanta campaign, Sherman's march caused terror in the South and cut a path 60 miles wide and 300 miles long with devastation. Imagine if an army destoryed the building underneath your feet!
    Union General: General William T Sherman
    Confederate General: John Bell Hood and Henry W Slocum
  • South surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse

    South surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse
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    The South signs a peace treaty causing Reconstruction to follow.
    Union General: General Grant
    Confederate General: General Lee