The 13th Century By: Tamara Carter
Jan 1, 1300
David PrayingFrom France: David praying, depicted by a French Miniaturist for a biblical illustration Bible of Haidenburg, (c. 1300-20).
Jan 1, 1300
Isabella of FranceImage detail for -Isabella of France, Queen Consort of Edward II of England. Here is another example of the different hairstyles and hair dresses worn by women of nobility or royalty in the 13 century.
Period: Jan 1, 1300 to Jan 1, 1400
Jan 1, 1301
Wormy Teethfrom unknown artist. These teeth were sculpted in the 1300’s to show the belief that cavaties originated from tiny worms embedded in the teeth. The small worms once inside were believed to have caused great havoc, as illustrated in the sculptures.
Jan 1, 1304
The Mourning of ChristThe Mourning of Christ (c. 1304- 1306) in the Scrovengi Chapel, Padua, by Gitto di Bondone. Gitto is best known for pioneering a new form of figurative realism. Here he captured every emotion of the characters portrayed in his fine art. “He painted the entire biblical story of three generations of the Holy Family: the Virgin's parents, the Virgin herself and Jesus. The narrative is depicted with great drama in a comic-strip set of wooden panels, in three rows along the walls.
Jan 1, 1314
Phillippa of Hainaultfrom England
Fashion from the thirteenth century was very distinct in the design and the style particularly amongst royalty. Pictured here Philippa of Hainault (1314-1369) Queen consort to: Edward III of England (1312-1377, ruled 1327-1377) dressed in her royal attire. Attire of noble status was more lavishly adorned in color and ornamentation.
Jan 1, 1319
Knightsfrom the 13th Century Knight
Here is a figurine of a 13th century knight. The amour of a 13th century knight included chainmail for the upper body, which draped over the males body much like an oversized night shirt. The outer garment was usually just a tunic and it had the logo or insignia of the kingdom upon the breast. A large leather belt held everything in place.
Jan 1, 1320
The Life of Mary Magdalenfrom ITALY The Life of Mary Magdalen captured in Fresco, Magdalen Chapel, Assisi by Gitto (c. 1320). It is also said of Gitto’s mural masterpieces that the church architecture pales in comparison to the art on the walls. “Is has ben said of his work that every gesture is significant, every glance has a meaning. Nothing is redundant, nothing is overstated, nothing is introduced merely for its decorative effect”
Jan 1, 1325
Francesco degli Organifrom Italy
Francesco degli Organi, Francesco il Cieco, or Francesco da Firenze, called by later generations Francesco Landini or Landino (c. 1325 or 1335 – September 2, 1397) was an Italian composer, organist, singer, poet and instrument maker. He was one of the most famous and revered composers of the second half of the 14th century, and by far the most famous composer in Italy. This portrait is believed to be from his tombstone illustrating him playing a portative organ.
Jan 1, 1334
This fine art is another mural painting from, Barconceli Polyptch, Barconeli Chapel, Santa Croce in Florence, Italy (c 1334). In this painting Gitto captured the rejoicing of the angels (I think that the joy is over the birth of Christ.
Jan 1, 1337
Attirefrom 13th Century (Noble) Clothing
Green Velvet Robe pictured here is the outer garment that adorned a woman of nobility or royalty in the 13 century. Again the colors were of noticeable shades and colors. Particularly in darker hues which were difficult to acquire due to the dyeing process unless you were a person of wealthy or noble status.
Jan 1, 1343
Chaucerfrom an English Writer
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), a great writer, who is widely known as the greatest poet of the Middle Ages. Much of his literature is widely known and read, just to name a few of his works: Canterbury Tales, The House of the Duchess, Legend of Good Women. Chaucer wrote many other pieces and was in fact so widely read and respected as a writer that he was the first poet to be buried in the Poets Corner of West Minister Abbey.
Jan 1, 1350
Jambhalafrom Java (Modern day Indonesia)
Bronze sculpture of Jambhala's consort, Nepal, ca. 13th-14th century A.D. Jambhala is the Buddhist god of wealth, the equivalent of Kubera in Hinduism. One can find him quite often depicted on thangka paintings or as metal statues created by the famous Patan artisans.
Jan 26, 1355
Castle Duichfrom Scotland
This castle was built in Scotland during the 13th century. It is named Duich, and is located in the highlands of Scotland and connected to the mainland by a stone bridge, here shown to the right in the shadows. The castle is situated on the perfect island. Although the island connects to the mainland, it was probably the perfect defense against any intruders.
Jan 1, 1357
Guardiansfrom Eastern Java (Modern day Indonesia)
These statues were known as door guardians, and are believed to have originated some where in the 13 century. Brandishing their weapons, baring their fangs, and glaring menacingly, these guardians seem to have taken their job seriously. The were strategically placed infront of the entrance way to the Hindu Temple in the kingdom of Majaphat (c1300-1500) centered in eastern Java.
Jan 1, 1360
Frydlant Castlefrom Czech Republic Frydlant Castle is a ancient complex that includes a 13th century castle and a chateau that was built a few centuries later. Though the castle was owned by various families over the course of its history, the castle's construction evolved into a unified, visually pleasing structure, including tower and exterior sgraffito work, that dominates the surrounding countryside.
Jan 1, 1366
Anne of Bohemiafrom Bohemia
Anne of Bohemia (1366-1394) Also known as: Anne of Pomerania-Luxembourg Mother: Elizabeth of Pomerania Father: Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor Queen consort to: Richard II of England (1367-1400, ruled 1377-1400). The same is true of all of noble status…the clothing or garments were more lavished and ornamented. Characteristics of Renaissance garments included deep hues and dresses that consisted of an overcoat, and a long sleeved undergarment or dress. All were lavishly designed.
Jan 1, 1370
John HanboysFrom France
John Hanboys, also John Hamboys and possibly J. de Alto Bosco ( 1370), was an English Renaissance composer and musical theorist, highly regarded in his own country, although the details of his life are unclear. A composer who received a doctorate in music, believed to be from either Oxford or Cambridge.
Jan 1, 1377
The Balladfrom France
Guillaume de Machaut (c.1300-1377) Machaut composed many masterpieces for both the liturgical and secular world’s of music. He was also well known and of great influence both musically and poetically. His Notre Dame Mass was the first known from the “pen of a single non-anonymous composer”. His works and compositions include but are not limited to 400 poems, (which also doubled as song lyrics) contributed to musical and poetic forms, especially song types.
Jan 1, 1380
The Balladfrom Western Culture
Whether in traditional or lyrical form, the ballad has been omnipresent in Western culture for the past millennium. It has informed and presented tales to listeners and readers throughout the Western world with themes of religion, love, tragedy, and political propaganda. Its rhythmic, alternating 4-3-4-3 line beat per quatrain stanza presents one of literature’s most natural and musical tension-then-release cadences Bernart de Ventadorn developed the cadence of the ballad as
Jan 1, 1385
Bodiam Castlefrom Europe: London, England
Bodiam Castle is an odd angled castle located in England. This castle is believed to be one of the best historical castle and moat combinations. It was built in 1385 by a Sir Edward Dalyngrigge. Dalyngrigge was also a knight, previously of Edward III.
Jan 1, 1389
Isabella of Valoisfrom France
Isabelle of Valois (1389-1409) Queen consort to: Richard II of England (1367-1400, ruled 1377-1399, deposed) pictured here shows the many hair styles that were used in the 13 centurycompaared to the other queens pictured here.
Jan 1, 1390
Knightsfrom the 13th Century Knight
The thirteenth Knight wore armour that can easily be identified by the 13 century, as armour from centuries to come was distinct as well. The head gear or helmet was called the “great helm.” It had no moveable visor. This helmet was believed to be a transition from the “Norman” style helmets which offered only a nasal bar to protect the nose. The 13th Century Knights uniform also included leather gloves , pants ,and knee high boots.