The 13 Colonies- Taylor 2017

  • Roanoke

    Queen Elizabeth I gives the charter to Sir Walter Raleigh. Her motive was to gather more land to get more resources in order to sell for more money to gain power. She was also doing it for the future of her family and all of England. Words used in Charter:
    "Heires and successors"
  • Virginia

    King James I wrote the first Virginia charter. Gales,Somers, Hackluit, Wingfield,Hanham, Gilbert, Parker, and Pophame are the people who received the charter. They came to the New World because the King gave them permission to start a colony in Virginia. Some words from the charter show their motive for coming are "We would vouchsafe unto them our Licence, to make Habitation, Plantation."
  • Massachusetts Bay

    Massachusetts Bay
    On March 4, 1629, King Charles created a charter for the people of the Massachusetts colony, where the puritans are. He made it for the people on the voyage, to be received by the puritans so they could create a new government and name a governor. "ruling, ordering, and governing of Newe England"
  • Maryland

    King Charles I gave the charter to Subject Caecilius Calvert, Baron of Baltimore. The King gave it to him because they were looking to extend the Christian religion and to expand their country, England.
    The sentence that helped us identify their motive is...
    "extending the Christian Religion, and also the Territories of our Empire, hath humbly besought Leave of us"
  • New Hampshire

    New Hampshire
    -Was sent by Lord Charles the first
    -Was sent to John Wollaston
    - Their motive was to establish a colony for England to gain land
    -Also, to make more plantations and to receive more rescorces
    -England; 17
  • Navigation Act 1651

    Navigation Act 1651
    The Navigation Act of 1651 was passed by the Commonwealth government in 1651. It was aimed at the Dutch, England’s greatest rivals. It separated between imports from European countries, which would be brought by English ships, or ships of that country, and imports brought from Asia, Africa and America. Which could go to England, Ireland, or any English colony, only by ships from England or that colony. The Colonists didn’t want to pay more money than they were already paying for the goods.
  • Navigation Act 1660

    Navigation Act 1660
    The act was reenacted, they were only allowed to send sugar, indigo, tobacco, rice and molasses to England, Ireland, or any other English colony.
  • Connecticut

    The charter was written by King Charles II for Winthrop, Mason, Wyllys, Clarke, Allyn, Tapping, Gold, Treat, Lord, Wolcott, Talcott, Clarke, Ogden, Wells, Brewen, Clerke, Hawkins, Deming, Camfeild. The King wanted the men to make a colony in Connecticut for the future of his family, while the men wanted to colonize Connecticut for their families future.
    "Heirs" - 25
    "Successors" - 36
    "Colony" - 21
    "England" - 17
  • Carolinas

    The charter was written by Charles the II, to Edward, Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, Sir John Colleton. The charter was written on March 24, 1663. The reason for the charter was for expanding the Christian Faith, expansion of the English empire, and for wealth and power. I know this because it says...
  • Carolinas Continued

    Carolinas Continued
    -"for the propagation of the Christian faith, and the enlargement of our empire and dominions, have humbly besought leave of us, by their industry and charge, to transport and make an ample colony" -"fishing of all sorts of fish, whales...fishes in the sea, bays, islets and rivers within the premises, and the fish therein taken; and moreover all veins, mines,, silver, gems, precious stones" -"heirs" -"trade with the natives"
  • Charter of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

    Charter of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
    King Charles the 2nd give John Clarke a charter to go to Rhode Island that they bought and for the rest of colony of Providence Plantations. They got it because they wanted to get more territory. They have been traveling to the new world to find religious freedom, next was Massachusetts and they only excepted puritans so they moved in next to them.. The natives were changed to believing in Christianity because they were ignorant.
  • The Navigation Act of 1663

    The Navigation Act of 1663
    This act is also known as the Staple Act. This act said that all goods that were exported from the colonies had to be carried in English ships. The ships also had to go through English ports to be checked and to be taxed, even if the goods weren’t for England. Also, the colonies could only import European items through England. The King made this act to ensure that he knew what the colonists were importing and exporting and to make sure that he approved of the goods.
  • Navigation Act of 1663 (continued)

    Navigation Act of 1663 (continued)
    This act made it take longer to ship and receive goods which made the colonists angry. The colonists were also angry because the King would take some of the goods that the colonists were exporting which made them not approve of the act.
  • Navigation Act of 1673

    Navigation Act of 1673
    This act shifted the responsibility of non-taxed goods onto the captain of the ship. If the captain didn’t go through an English port, the captain would be prosecuted. This act was made to ensure that all captains were traveling through an English port so that the English could tax all items. This act made the English unhappy because all of the ships were going to the ports which resulted in more taxing and increased shipping time.
  • Delaware

    King Charles II granted William Penn the charter of Delaware. He created this charter for his heirs so they would earn a lot of territory when he died. In addition, he did this for the government of England, so they would have a lot of power. Finally, the people kept asking for religious freedom, so if they came to these colonies they could have the freedom to practice any religion.
  • Pennsylvania continued

    Pennsylvania continued
    "Desire to enlarge our English Empire, and promote such useful commodities as may bee of Benefit to us and Our Dominions, as also to reduce the savage Natives by gentle and just mamlers to the Love of Civil Society and Christian Religion."
  • Pennsylvania

    King Charles II wrote the Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania and described what he wanted the colony to be. The charter states, they wanted to start a new colony to have a safe place for subjects to practice christian religion. They wanted to grow the English empire. They also wanted to eliminate some of the natives in order to be the dominant race.
  • English Bill of Rights 1689 Part 1

    English Bill of Rights 1689 Part 1
    The English Bill of Rights was a British law, created by the Parliament of Britain in 1689 that stated the rights and freedoms of the English subjects. The Colonists accepted this act because it improved democratic operation. The English Bill of Rights was created because England needed to influence the colonists into listening to England's rules. Members will have the right to voice their concerns and opinions in Parliament.
  • The Mutiny Act of 1689

    The Mutiny Act of 1689
    The Mutiny act made it so that Mutiny (when a group of military soldiers rebel against their leader or captain) in Britain's army was illegal. It also made it so that any army that wasn’t made during peace by the Parliament was illegal, and that any taxes that were raised without parliament's permission were illegal. The Mutiny Act also gave Britain the right to quarter military troops in towns in homes in the Colonies. The Colonists wouldn’t want to pay for and feed any troops in my house.
  • English Bill of Rights 1689 Part 2

    English Bill of Rights 1689 Part 2
    No armies or militia should be created during peacetime. No taxes can be lifted of a person without the permission of the Parliament. Laws should not be ignored or changed without the permission of the Parliament. There shouldn’t be often fines given and no harsh or strange punishments given to the people.
  • The Wool Act

    The Wool Act
    This act was preventing the export of wool from the Colonies. The Colonists would sheer the wool and send it straight to England. England would then take the wool, make different products and sell it to all countries and colonies. England would make money off of the Colonies' work. The Colonists did not approve because they worked hard to make the wool just to have to pay to use it in different ways. There were also other acts before this so they were already paying for other things.
  • Hat Act of 1732

    Hat Act of 1732
    The Hat Act was made for the people in the English Colonies. The act said that hat makers and hat shops had to shut down their business and send all of their wool and materials to England. The King wanted the people of England to buy the hats, so that he would get all of the money. He felt as if New England and New York were competing with the hat industry in his country. The colonists did not approve of this act.
  • Debt Recovery Act

    Debt Recovery Act
    The debt recovery act was a punishment meant for the citizens who didn't pay taxes. This act allowed tax collectors to come and take property that people didn't pay taxes on. Such as land, property and slaves. The King made this act to protect and encourage slavery. They did that by taking away the owner's slaves so that they have to do their own work. The colonists would not have approved of this act because it meant i they could lose their slaves and property if they did not obey the King!
  • Hat Act 1732 Continued

    Hat Act 1732 Continued
    They did not approve because the Colonists were losing their money, the materials that they worked hard for, and some of the people couldn't do what they love by making hats. They would lose their jobs because of this.
  • Georgia

    King George the Second gives the charter to Digby, Carpenter, Oglethorpe, Heathcote, Tower, Moore, Hucks, Holland,Sloper, Eyles, Laroche, Vernon, William Beletha, esquires, A. M. John Burton, Bundy, Bedford, l Smith, A. M. Adam Anderson and Thomas Corane. His motive was to extend his business and corporation also known as England. The words from the charter to show the motive is, ransact and carry on the business of the said corporation.
  • The Molasses Act Part 1

    The Molasses Act Part 1
    The American Colonists had been buying sugar from the West Indies. However, taxes were added causing the price to rise. The act was meant to help sugarcane growers from the West Indies be able to compete financially with companies from other countries such as France. The Colonists fought against the act because they claimed they were already barely getting enough sugar and molasses for their needs.
  • The Molasses Act Part 2

    The Molasses Act Part 2
    The Colonists were concerned the new taxes would lead to the price of rum from New England to raise which was one of their biggest industries. The Colonists knew that if the price of rum increased it could impact the rate at which they export rum which means they would earn less money as well as pay more money for sugar. This act caused the colonists to find a new source of sugar and molasses which is why they started to purchase sugar from Britainstead.
  • Iron Act of 1750 part 2

    Iron Act of 1750 part 2
    Iron was an extremely important material for the American colonies. To produce the iron, the iron works required two important main elements. A source of Iron ore and wood to make charcoal fuel the furnace. Large blocks of irons were exported to England to enable their workers to make these finished goods in colonial time. The Smaller bars of iron were sent to make smaller items and the bigger ones were sent to make bigger items.
  • Iron Act of 1750 Part 1

    Iron Act of 1750 Part 1
    In the middle colonies like Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, etc, the colonies were making the pig iron and iron bars to england with free taxes. But, in 1750, they forbade the colonies to sell/trade the iron goodies. The iron act was a part of the mercantilist policy that favored England. Iron like pig iron or iron bars were different products that had a greater value. Plus, it was more valuable than the raw materials of the iron.
  • Iron Act of 1750 part 3

    Iron Act of 1750 part 3
    The Iron Act of 1750 affected the suppression of the manufacture of finished Iron and hardware into each of the colonies and to increase the production of iron so the export to England will be much quicker. The Iron Act was so successful that by the start of the american war of independence, the furnaces and forgers turned out to be a 7th amount of the colonies iron used. In 1750, colonies exported about 7000 tons of iron, and by 1770, they exported 8000 tons of iron.
  • Iron Act of 1750

    Iron Act of 1750
    Before 1750, the Colonies were sending the pig iron and iron bars to England. But, in 1750, the King forbade the colonies to sell/trade the iron goodies. The iron act was a part of the mercantilist policy that favored England. The Iron Act of 1750 suppressed the manufacture of finished iron and hardware in each of the colonies. The colonies would not happy with the act because they couldn't trade/sell it for a while so they couldn't get any money or any other goods in return for a while.
  • The Proclamation of 1763

    The Proclamation of 1763
    After the French and Indian War, King George III restricted any English Colonists to move into the Ohio River Valley (ORV). He wanted his payment for the war effort in the colonies and would not allow anyone to live there until he was repaid.
  • The Proclamation of 1763

    The Proclamation of 1763
    When the French Indian war was over the king took all the the land that got conquered because the kings money was spent by William Pitt and the king wanted it back. So he took away the ability for the colonists to go on that new land until he got his cash back.
  • The Proclamation of 1763

    The Proclamation of 1763
    The Proclamation of 1763 was created after the French Indian War and it was to make the Natives who were fighting with the English, happy. The proclamation gave the Natives a protected area for them to live in. Since the Natives were living where the English wanted to live, the English wanted more of that land to expand their colonies. There was a border between the and sectioned off to the natives, and it could be negotiated farther west if needed.
  • Currency Act

    Currency Act
    The Currency Act of 1764 was an extension of the Currency Act of 1751. These acts were used by the King to help him control or maintain the use of money in the new world. This acts' purpose was to remind the people oft the Currency Act of 1751, control the use of paper money, calm people in England who didn’t want to use the money from the 13 colonies, and reduce the money dept of England. After all of this, the colonists started to get mad and it led to the start the Revolutionary War.
  • The Sugar Act of 1764

    The Sugar Act of 1764
    The King taxed goods that needed sugar to be made, a big one was rum, one of the only alcoholic beverages at the time, fabrics, wines, and coffee.The purpose was to tax the items above and decrease the amount of molasses taxed. The colonists weren’t allowed to trade with other nations, only England now. Also, the King made this act to directly tax the colonists after the French - Indian war for the money Pitt had spent.
  • The Sugar Act of 1764 Continued

    The Sugar Act of 1764 Continued
    The colonists were not approving of the act because it added additional tax to what they already had, it was just after the French - Indian war, so they were in a time of need with a lot of dead people, now could only trade with England and no outside places limiting what they could do which infuriated them and made it even harder for them than it already was.
  • The Quartering Acts of 1765

    The Quartering Acts of 1765
    The Quartering Acts of 1765 was an act of letting soldiers into your house to take care of them..The Quartering Acts were adding on to the original Mutiny acts that dealt with mutiny in the British armed forces and the lodging of soldiers of British troops in barracks and houses in the American Colonies. The British Prime Minister and had to reduce the national debt. The colonists would not approve of this act because George Grenville had to reduce national debt somehow.
  • The Stamp Act Continued 2

    The Stamp Act Continued 2
    It was also made to pay off the debt from the war. The colonies also were not allowed to pay for the stamp taxes with paper bills, but they had to pay with gold and silver coins. Out of all the taxes the King had enforced, this was one to hold huge protests and meetings. Basically all of the colonists participated, because it affected every one of them. They needed documents and paper in their everyday life, so it might just been a tax for living.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    If a stamp was found on any product, that had meant the colonists would have to pay a certain amount of money. The worst part, however, is that this stamp was found on almost every piece of paper.
  • The Stamp Act Continued

    The Stamp Act Continued
    Some examples of documents are marriage certificates, newspapers, wills, contracts, and even donations. This is surprising because someone is already donating extra money that they had, and have to pay extra to help others. The King created this act for his heirs, successors, and of course himself.He would take the money from these people and keep it. It was also made to pay off the debt from the war.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    The Declaratory act was the Parliament declaring to pass laws to the colonies.The reason for this act was to have the Colonist be apart of the colonies . The colonies would approve of this act because they get to work with the Parliament to pass laws.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    Angry citizens of Boston gathered in protest to the recent taxes that added up. As they gathered, British soldiers tried to disperse the crowd and told the Colonists to go home. The Colonists responded by getting angrier and louder. Suddenly, a shot rang out through the night, followed by several more shots. The soldiers had fired into the crowd, killing 5 Colonists.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    British troops were sent in to the colonies to enforce the Townshend Act. They would make sure everyone was paying for items that are used in their every day lives such as paper. On March 5, 1770, the citizens of Boston started to taunt the Redcoats for not paying their taxes and the crowd of people just kept growing. The Redcoats became very mad and started to fire into the crowd. They killed 5 and injured 6.
  • The Boston Massacre Continued

    The Boston Massacre Continued
    Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson placed the Redcoats in jail for killing citizens. John Adams, future 2nd president of the United States, defended the Redcoats in trial. The Colonists did not approve of this because their fellow citizens were shot and killed in this event and the Colonists most likely didn't feel safe anymore.
  • The Tea Act #2

    The Tea Act #2
    The Tea Act was a follow-up to the Revenue Act, that was one of the laws in the Townshend Acts, which made it so they taxed the colonies when they bought British goods including paint, paper, lead, glass and tea. Because of this the merchants got made because no one wanted to buy their stuff because there was taxes. So they got rid of the all the taxes except the tax on tea. They kept the tax on tea because they still needed income.
  • The Tea Act #1

    The Tea Act #1
    The Tea Act was a British Law, it was passed on May 10, 1773. The purpose of the law was to have the British East India Company expand the company’s monopoly and trading tea to all the British Colonies, selling tea at a reduced price. This was because the company had so much tea sitting in a factory getting old they had to sell it.
  • The Tea Act #3

    The Tea Act #3
    Because of this the American colonists boycotted tea. Sense the tea was at such a high price no one bought it, so the British got mad. They started making the American colonies buy tea. The colonies did not like this act because they did not want to buy tea for such a high price. At this point the colonies had enough so they had a meeting about it and they decide to throw all the crates off a shipment of tea, and this led to the Boston Tea Party.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    An angry group of organized Bostonians, who called themselves the Sons of Liberty, stormed a ship in Boston Harbor. They were looking for several hundred chests filled with tea. They wanted to throw it overboard in protest of the tea tax implemented by King George III. Dressed as Native Americans, they threw all the tea overboard and escaped in the middle of the night.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    In the dark of night, British Colonists in Boston boarded a ship, owned by King George III, and dumped 342 chests of British tea into Boston Harbor. It was to protest the tea act, which made it unlawful to drink any other tea besides English Tea. Colonists dressed as Native Americans to hide their identities to get away with the crime.
  • The Quebec Act

    The Quebec Act
    The Quebec Act was an act that was made to extend the territory of Quebec to give Catholic Canadians more religious freedom, and restrict the religion of the American Colonists. At the same time, the King was gaining the Canadians loyalty even more. Also, it is one of the Intolerable Acts. The Quebec Act was made as a punishment for the Boston Tea Party incident.
  • The Quebec Act

    The Quebec Act
    The Colonist’s didn’t like the Quebec act because the British were taking away their religious freedom and the King was trying to increase the amount of British colonies in America.
  • The Boston Port Act of 1774

    The Boston Port Act of 1774
    King George the 3rd taxed the Boston seaport, not allowing anything through the harbor except for firewood and food until the lost tea was repaid. It was meant for a punishment for all of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. This tax was also created to scare the other colonies into obeying the king in the future. The colonists considered this an intolerable act because of that. The people saw this as a threat to their economy and to their promised freedom.
  • The Massachusetts Government

    The Massachusetts Government
    The Massachusetts Government was created on May 20th, 1774 by the British. This was part of the Intolerable Acts. The reason this act was created was because the King wanted to punish the people who lived in Boston. He wanted to punish the Colonists because of the Boston Tea Party. Three things that lead up to the government were The Boston Massacre, The Tea Tax, and The Boston Tea Party.
  • The Massachusetts Government (continued)

    The Massachusetts Government (continued)
    The king wanted to put an end to the constitutional document of Massachusetts. British colonists were not very happy about this, because, the king was basically going against their rights that they had, getting rid of the laws they created, and getting rid of the Colonists trading system.
  • The Administration of Justice Act

    The Administration of Justice Act
    This act was supposed to allow the governor of Massachusetts to move criminal royals out of Massachusetts and to other colonies or back to England if he believed that they had an unfair trial. This act was created because royals or people that the king liked were put on trial and the king did not want these people to be killed or jailed so he conducted a “Fair Trial” for the guilty person and give them immunity.
  • The Administration of Justice Act pt 2

    The Administration of Justice Act pt 2
    The colonists would not approve of this act because it only applied to Massachusetts and it moved royals who committed crimes to other colonies, this would make them not approve because it would move criminals out of only Massachusetts and other colonies would have more.