Jan 1, 1400
Age of ExplorationWhat reasons did Europeans explore? Gold, Glory, God.
What was Columbus looking for when he found America? Land.
Which countries were most explorers from? Spain
What is a conquistador? A conqueror.
Which explorer tore down Tenochtitlan and founded New Spain? Cortes
Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecksWhich Native tribe captures Cabeza de Vaca? karankawa tribe.
What killed many Natives and explorers during the Age of Contact? Disease
When Cabeza de Vaca arrived in Mexico, what did people think about his stories? He had found the Indians.
Coronado sets out for CibolaWhat is Cibola? 7 cities of gold and doesn't exist.
Why did Coronado think Cibola was in Texas? Because of the sorties told in Texas.
Did they find Cibola? No.
What is one important landmark that the expedition did discover? Grand Canyon.
La Salle lands in TexasWhich country began challenging Spain for Texas? Mexico
Which river delta did La Salle discover? Mississippi river.
Pineda maps Texas coastDescribe Pineda’s route and accomplishments: Alonso Álvarez de Pineda commanded a Spanish expedition that sailed along the Gulf of Mexico coastline from Florida to Cabo Rojo, Mexico, in 1519. He and his men were the first Europeans to explore and map the Gulf littoral between the areas previously explored by Juan Ponce De León and Diego Velázquez.
Fort St. Louis foundedWhere is Ft. St. Louis? South Texas.
Who founded Ft. St. Louis? La Salle.
Name 2 reasons why Ft. St. Louis failed. Indian attacking, Disease.
How was La Salle killed? Assassinated by an Indian.
Mission San Francisco foundedWhat is the purpose of a mission? The missions were built by the Spanish starting in 1769 in order to "colonize" the territory of Alta California.
Who led missions? Frier.
Which country is responsible for building missions?Mexico.
What religion were missions affiliated with? Christianity
Were most missions successful? No
Why did missions fail? People died because of the disease that was going around
What buildings protected missions? Forts
Marques de Rubi Inspects TexasWhat was de Rubi’s mission? To inspect Texas.
Who sent de Rubi on his mission? Santa Anna.
What are 2 recommendations that de Rubi made after his journey: The Expedition of Marqués de Rubí, Cayetano María Pignatelli Rubí Corbera y Saint Climent, Barón de Llinas into Texas was part of moves by King Carlos III to solve changing problems in New Spain by sending both the Marqués de Rubí, but also Juan de Villalba and José de Gálvez.
The Louisiana PurchaseWhat did the Louisiana purchase mean for US-Spanish relations? USAGE has more land.
Which 3 countries still claimed land in North America after the Louisiana Purchase? A watershed event in American history, the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 nearly doubled the land mass of the young nation: for a purchase price of $15 million, the United States increased its size by some 828,000 square miles. The region included the Mississippi River and its tribut
Philip Nolan ExpeditionWhat is a filibuster? The word filibuster comes from the Spanish word filibusteros; a term used to describe pirates that plundered in the seventeenth century.
Name 2 other filibuster besides Philip Nolan. Hadalgo and Jean
Who was Jean Lafitte? A pirate.
Moses Austin Asks Permission for ColonyWhy did the Spanish grant Austin permission to establish a colony? So colonists could live there and so he could have a little money.
What happened to Moses before he could establish his colony? Colonists began to move out.
Stephen F. Austin Establishes His ColonyWhat is an impresario? A person who owns their own colony.
Where did SFA establish his colony? In the part of Louisiana.
What were some of the requirements Mexico made SFA’s colony meet?
Describe the “Old 300.” What kind of people were they? 300 families.
What were some challenges in establishing the colony? Not as advanced as a big colony.
Name 2 other empresarios. Moses Austin and
Mexico gains IndependenceWho did Mexico gain their independence from? Spain
Which Constitution did the Federalist’s establish for Mexico?
Under the Constitution, which Mexican state was Texas joined with?
Fredonian RebellionWhat was the goal of the Fredonian Rebellion?
Who were the Edwards brothers upset with?
How did the Rebellion end?
Mier y Teran ReportWhat was the goal of the Mier y Teran expedition? To see if everything was ok in Texas.
Why was Mier y Teran sent? To inspect Texas.
What recommendations did Mier y Teran make?