• Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus pt 1

    Christopher Columbus believed he could make it to Asia . The columbian exchange began when Columbus first arrived in the Americas. The process involved animals and plants, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, and Africa and Asia. Contact between the two areas circulated a wide variety of new crops and livestock, which supported increases in population in both hemispheres, although diseases initially caused precipitous declines in the number of indigenous peoples of the Americas.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus pt 2

    Christopher Columbus hoped to be in Japan but in 1492 he landed in the Bahamas archipelago that he named "San Salvador". It was his first expedition to the "new world". He landed on the island October 12, 1492.
  • Period: Jun 2, 1517 to Jun 2, 1519

    Alvarez de Pineda pt 2

    Pineda was a spin explorer and cartographer whose map marks the first document in Texas history. In 1517 Pineda had led several expeditions to map the western coastlines of the gulf coast of Mexico, frim the Yucatán peninsula to the pánuco river, just north of Veracruz. Alvarez plus two-hundred seventy soldiers in 3 ships had left from Jamaica in early 1519 and sailed west to follow the northern coastline of the gulf.
  • Feb 4, 1519

    Hernán Cortés

    Cortés was a spinish conquestador. He is famous in the Texas history because he was important to the history of Mexico and Texas was settled by Spanish people who came through Mexico. He mostly is famous for his march across Mexico and his conquering of the Aztec empire in Mexico. He had been seeking fortune in the "New World" that w discovered by Columbus and others. He had reached Mexico in February, 1519.
  • May 4, 1519

    Hernán Cortés pt 2

    During his March he became allies with some native peoples he encountered, but with others he used as deadly force to conquer Mexico. He marched to tenochtilán the Aztec capital and home to ruler Montezuma ||. Cortés took Montezuma hostage and his soldiers raided the city. Cortez left the city learning that Spanish troops were coming to arrest him for disobeying orders. After facing off against Spanish forces, Cortés returned to Tenochtilán to find rebellion in progress.
  • Jun 2, 1519

    Alvarez de pińda pt 1

    On June 2 , 1519 Pineda entered a large bay with a sizable Native American settlement on one shore. He sailed upriver for 18 miles and observed as forty villages on the banks of the larger, deep river named "Espíritu santo". Long assumed to have been the first European report of the mouth of the Mississippi River, the distription of the land and its settlement has led many historians to believe he was describing Mobile bay and the Alabama river. Pineda continued his Journey southward.
  • Jul 2, 1519

    Alvarez de Pineda pt 3

    There is no reliable evidence he disembarked on the shores of Texas, but he was the first European to see the western Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas which he called amicheal.
  • Oct 4, 1521

    Hernán Cortés pt 3

    The Aztecs eventually drove the Spanish from the city, but Cortés returned again to defeat them and take the city in 1521, King Charles | of Spain appointed Cortés government of new Spain the following year. He traveled to Honduras in 1524 to stop rebelion. In 1540 Cortés dies.
  • Jun 17, 1527

    Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

    Núñez was a Spanish explorer of the New World, and one of the 4 survivors on Narváez expedition, in 1527. Cabeza de Vaca was shipwrecked on a low sandy island off the coast of Texas in 1528. He was the first European to step foot on Texas ground. Núñez had joined Narváez expedition in 1527. On June 17, 1527 the fleet of five ships set sail torwards the province of Pánuco. As many events disturbed, killed, and destroyed the crew they kept going on their expedition to Florida.
  • Jun 28, 1527

    Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca pt 2

    But after communicating with American Indians, the Spanish heard rumours that a city named Apalachen was full of gold and food. Against the advice of Cabeza de Vaca, Narváez split the crew, some 300 were to set foot to Appalachen and the other would sail to Pánuco. While seeking for loot they found no gold but only corn in the village. So the heard about another village on Aute which was not rich, the only thing showing the had some rich was the abundance of copper. They burn it, and left.
  • Apr 4, 1528

    Páfilo de Narváez

    Narváez was a Spanish explorer and soldier, he helped conquer Cuba in 1511, and he led a Spanish royal expedition to North America (leaving in 1527). He led an expedition in the land of Florida that he was granted by the emperor Charles V in 1526, with 250-300 men. After surviving a hurricane near Cuba, his expedition landed on the west coast of Florida (Tampa bay) in April, 1528, claiming land for Spain.
  • Oct 4, 1528

    Ávar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca pt 3

    After going throughout many struggles they decided to reach Pánuco they used resources they found to build 5 rafts while eating the remaining horses. The 5 rafts were separated by a hurricane. Two ships wrecked at Galveston, Texas. The winter killed many others leaving 4 people left that were soon brought to Mexico City.
  • Oct 4, 1532

    Pánfilo de Narváez pt 2

    A series of hurricanes american fights killed many of the crew and the pilot ship sailed to Mexico without the men. The standed men hastily made 5 rafts on which they sailed west, hoping to reach a Spanish settlement in Mexico three rafts sank, two survived and landed on Galveston Island off what is now Texas. Naváez, did not survive.
  • Feb 23, 1540

    Francisco Vásquez de Coronado

    Coronado was a Spanish explorer, and conquistador, who led a large exploration from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of southwestern United States between 1540-1542. Coronado had been seeking the seven cities of gold. His expedition marked the first European sightings of the Grand Canyon and the Colorado river, among other Landmarks. Coronado set out for his expedition from compostela on February 23, 1540, with 400 European soldiers, 1300 to 2000 Mexican Indian allies.
  • Apr 22, 1540

    Francisco Vásquez de Coronado pt 2

    He followed the sinaloan coast northward, keeping the sea of Cortez to left until he reached the Spanish settlement in Mexico. After leaving Culiancán on April 22, 1540 Coronado followed the coast "Bering of to the left". When Coronado reached the mountains he discovered a crushing disappointment: cibola was nothing like the golden city niza discribed, it was a village of simple pueblos constructed by zuni Indians. They were all upset with niza so they sent him back to Spain.
  • Oct 4, 1542

    Francisco Vásquez de Coronaro pt 3

    Coronado traveled north between chichilticalli and Zuni. He traveled north of one side or the other of what is now known as Arazona. Coronado had no luck In finding any loot. It was a in successful expedition.
  • Jul 4, 1566

    Juan Ońate

    Juan found the colony of New Mexico. Juan led 500 colonist north across the chihuahua desert, until they reached the rio grande. After three long hard months it seems like a oasis with cold water and shape. The settlers had a huge feast and Juan claimed the entire area by the rio grande for Spain .
  • Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle

    La Salle was a French explorer. He explored the Great Lakes region of the USA and Canada, the Mississippi River, and Gulf of Mexico. La Salle claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France. The Mohawk told him about a long deep River called Ohio, which flows through the Mississippi River. La Salle began a plan for an expedition to find the passage to China. He received permission. In 1682 he named he named the area Louisiana after King Louis XIV of France.
  • Missionaries(1682)

    Spanish missionaries built the first two missions near El Paso in 1682. Corpus Christi de la yslesta.
  • Rene Robert Calelier, Sieur de La Salle pt 2

    In 1681, La Salle and about 40 men start their expedition. In February 6, 1682 they reach the River. Then headed down it in canoes. They built fort prud'homme at what is now Memphis, Tennessee. He later reaches the Gulf of Mexico on April 9, 1682. In 1683, La Salle returns to France, but sailed to the new world again in 1684. With 4 ships intended to start a colony in the Mississippi River, but mistaking landed on matogorda bay, near what is now Houston, Texas. They got stuck in Texas.
  • Fort St. Louis

    France also explored Texas and built fort St. Louis.
  • Rene Robert Cavelier, de La Salle

    They made it to Montreal bay in 1688
  • Alamo

    Alamo mission is founded.
  • Nacogdoches

    Nacogdoches was founded.
  • Mission San Jose

    Mission San Jose is completed.
  • Missions in Texas

    Most missions in Texas are closed.
  • Philip Nolan

    Philip Nolan and his men fight Spanish soldiers near Waco.
  • Louisiana purchase

    Louisiana purchase occurred. When France sold territory to America for 15 million dollars. New spian was alarmed after that that they had to share the border with the U.S.A
  • Neutral ground

    The neutral ground agreement is established.
  • Father hidalgo

    Father hindalgo issues the griot de Dolores. But exucuted in 1811. But the revolution for independence did not end with father hidalgos death.
  • Las casas

    Juan Bautista de las casas declareds Texas independent from Spain but captured and executed on the same year. He led group of hidalgo supporters in San Antonio. The revolt did not last long.
  • Independence from Spain

    Mexico earns independence from spian. The war between Mexico and spian was over and the Spanish flag lowered and another flag was raised.