Francisco Vazquez de Coronado Timeline.
Jan 1, 1510
Fancisco Vasquez de Coronado's BirthThis is when Coronado was born. His mother's name was Isabel de lujan, and his father's name was Juan Vasquez de Coronado Y Sosa de Ulloa. Nobody is certain of what day in this year he was born.
Period: Jan 1, 1510 to Sep 22, 1554
Jan 1, 1535
His Move to MexicoBecause he was a younger son, he was not to inherit the family estate, so he moved to New Spain (Mexico) with Antonio de Mendoza, the Spanish viceroy. Experts aren't certain of when he moved to New Spain.
Jan 1, 1537
MarriageWithin, two years after his arrival, he married Beatriz de Estrada, the daughter of Alonso de Estrada, a former colonial treasurer. This gave him one of the largest estates in New Spain. During the course of their marriage, they had eight children. We do not know the exact dates of their marriage; just the year.
Feb 1, 1537
Mendoza ApprovedOver the course of 1537, Coronado put down several rebellions led by black slaves and Indians. This started him on the road to his position of power in the New Spain government. We could not find any exact dates of certain rebellions, but we do know that they spread over the course of this year.
Jan 1, 1538
Coronado's New JobDue to Mendoza's approval of Coronado putting down slave rebellions, Coronado was granted the position of governor of Nueva Galicia, which was a province of New Spain. We do not know the exact date of which he was inaugurated, but we do know that it was during this year.
Jan 1, 1539
A Legend is HeardIn 1539, Antonio de Mendoza hears a tale form Fransiscan friar Marcos de Niza. The tale is a legend about the Seven Cities of Gold which are located on the Western side of North America. He asked Coronado to search what is now Southwestern United States for these cities.
Feb 23, 1540
The Start of an ExpeditionOn this day, Coronado and his group left Compostela. Fray Marcos accompanied the expedition as a guide. They left with 340 troops, 300 Indians, 1,000 horses, 1,000 slaves, and six swivel guns.
Period: Feb 23, 1540 to Dec 31, 1542
Coronado's Main ExpeditionThis is the time period of Coronado's expedition to find the Seven Cities of Gold. During this time, He made many discoveries whild attempting to find the Seven Cities.
Jul 7, 1540
Wounded!In the first city, Cibola, which was in reality the Indian town of Hawikuh, they battled against the Zuni Pueblo Indians. The Spanish won, but Coronado was wounded in battle when he was hit by a stone. They continue to search the region, but do not find El Dorado or Cibola. Fray Marcos de Niza was dismissed as a guide and sent back home as a discrace.
Period: Dec 21, 1540 to Mar 21, 1541
Warring IndiansDuring this period, Coronado and his men settled along the Rio Grande for the winter. During this time, there wre many battles with Indian tribes. When it became Spring in 1541, they moved to modern-day Palo Duro Canyon, which is in present-day Texas.
Apr 23, 1541
A New LeadCoronado hear of another City of Gold called Quivira. While he was on his way there, he discovered the Grand Canyon, which is in modern-day Arizona. When they arrived to Quiviria, he was disappointed that it was just another Indian village. After warring with the Indians, and discovering no gold or silver, they began to head back home. On the way home, he discovered the Arkansas River, which runs through present-day Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Arkansas.
Jan 1, 1542
What a Bust!Coronado's expedition is seen as a failure, but he keeps his position in office, somehow. Experts are not sure when he returned from the expedition.
Jan 1, 1544
Removed from OfficeCoronado was removed from his position as governor because he was found guilty of committing atrocities against the Indian people. He spent the last decade of his life in a minor position of the Mexico City council. Experts are not sure when he was removed from office, or even what atrocities he committed against the Indians.
Sep 22, 1554
DeathOn this day, Fransisco Vasquez de Coronado dies. Experts are not sure what he died from, but they believe that it was sickness.