Texas History Caroline Morgan

  • Aug 3, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Christopher sailed the ocean blue in 1492. With the money from King Ferdinand and the queen, they gave him three ships, the Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria. The Columbia exchange was about trading food, animals, plants and diseases. We exchanges with Asia, Africa, and Europe.
  • Jan 12, 1519

    Alonzo Alvarez de Pineda

    Alonzo Alvarez de Pineda
    He was the first to map the Northern Gulf of Mexico. In 1527 he led another voyage to the Gulf or Mexico. He dreamed of finding riches, gold, jewelry. He sailed with a fleet from Jamacia into the Gulf or Mexico. The expiditiom included five ships, six hundred soliders, plus horses.
  • Jun 30, 1520

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    Cortes founded the first Spanish settlement on the American mainland. Cortes wanted victory so his men did retriet from the fight so he sank his ships. The Aztecs had large amounts of silver, gold and gems. They gave Cortes peace offerings but those weren't enough. On the night of June 30, 1520, the spaniards fled the city and took over Tenochtitlan and that's how Mexico got its name.
  • Oct 2, 1528

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
    From early age Vaca heard tales of exploration and conquest. His grandfather had conquered the Canary island. As a teenager, he joined the Spanish army?serving in Spain and Italy. Vaca became go near of a colonel in Paraguay. The settlers rebelled, he went back to Spain in disgrace. He saw signs of gold in the mountains, but there was none.
  • Dec 15, 1528

    Panifilo Navarez

    Panifilo Navarez
    Navarez and his crew were the first Europeans to see the Texas Coast. The expiditiom included 600 soliders, 5ships, plus horses. Navarez and Cabeza de Vaca were captured by the Coahuiltican Indians. After two years of planning to escape they finally did.
  • Oct 2, 1540

    Francisco Vasquez de Coranado

    Francisco Vasquez de Coranado
    Coronado and fray Marcus defeated Zunis. Victory did not last long, they search the cities but did not find gold, silver, or gems. To conquer Cibola, The Spanish organize the largest force that ever sent to North America. Their goal was to conquer Cibola and gain its treasure. He led his large expedition across the dry region of what is now the southwestern United States.
  • Juan de Onate

    Juan de Onate
    Onate was granted by King Philip to settle in govern a colony called Santa Fe New Mexico. Onate was from a wealthy Spanish family that goes over from mining in Mexico. In early 1598 and a lead more than 500 colonists north across the Chihuanhuan desert. During his governorship, he vainly saw the mystical riches of North America.
  • Rene Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle

    Rene Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle
    The LaSalle expedition ended in a disaster, the expedition gave France a claim to Texas. It also challenge Spain's North empire of the Rio Grande. His greatest achievement was creating a colony. He also called it, Fort saint Louis. We colony was a failure and so was his expedition.
  • Nacogdoches

    Nacogdoches was founded
  • San Jose

    San Jose
    Mission San Jose is completed
  • Missions in Texas

    Missions in Texas
    Most missions in Texas are closed
  • Philip Nolan

    Philip Nolan and his men fight Spanish soliders near Waco.
  • Philip Nolan

    Philip Nolan and his men fight Spanish soliders near Waco.
  • Louisiana purchase

    Louisiana purchase
    The Louisiana purchase 1803
  • Neutral ground agreement

    The Neutral ground agreement is established
  • Neutral ground

    The neutral ground agreement is established
  • Father Miguel Hildago

    Father Miguel Hildago
    Father Hildago issues the Grito de Dolores
  • Juan Buastita de la Casa

    Juan Buastita de la Casa
    Juan de la Casas declares Texas independence from Spain. La Casas was captured and executed
    Father Hildago is executed
  • Gutierrez Magee expidition

    The Gutierrez Maggie expedition is defeated
  • James long

    James long leads a group of Anglo Americans to Nacodoches.
  • Moses Austin

    Moses receives permission to settle 300 families in Texas.
  • Stephen F. Austin

    Stephen brings Anglo American settlers to texas
  • Mexico independence

    Mexico independence
    Mexico gains independence from Spain