The 1600s to the 1700s

Timeline created by AlexWolfBob
In History
  • VA Things

    King James gave The Virginia Company permission to sail to VA and to colonize.
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    John Smith

    John Smith was president of the colony and he had people work at least 4 hours a day because no one was working to save food for the winter. He didn't want people to die (like last winter), he then made the Powhatans give the English more food, and moved colonists away from lethal water supplies. Only a handful of colonists died then.
  • John Rolfe

    John Rolfe wanted peace between the Powhatans & the English. John Rolfe successfully planting and exporting tobacco, then the industry expands, he needs more land, he takes the Indian land, then dooms the future for many years to come for indentured servants. That then leads to conflict between Indians and the English people, which then ultimately crushes Rolfe's own dreams, to have peace among Indians and the English people.
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    First Anglo-Powhatan War

    It began with Lord De La Warr attacking the Powhatans and burning down cornfields because the Powhatans wouldn't give back the English captives.
  • Pocahontas

    She was captured by the English and brought to Jamestown. Rolfe fell in love with her, married her, and brought her to England. This gave hope of Europeanizing the native Americans. A tactic used by her father to spread control to the English.
  • Rolfe's Tobacco Industry

    He started planting West Indian tobacco seeds and exporting them to England because the tobacco in Jamestown was terrible.
  • Slavery Origins

    The Dutch brought over the first ship of Africans. Aside from that, indentured servitude was much more profitable because usually, slaves had high mortality rates.
  • The Virginia General Assembly

    The first meeting of the first democratic government in the new world. Colonists knew that in order to get people to travel 3,000 miles, they first had to offer something new and positive (like representative govt.) It also changed martial law to English common law.
  • Mayflower lands

    Where the Mayflower landed was far north of where the VA is. They formed a Massachusetts General Court--12 white males elected to meet once a month and work out things about town. Obviously not perfect, but good beginning to democracy.
  • Thomas Morton

    Founded in Merrymount, MA and wanted to be a part of the Indians. Plymouth crushed it.
  • Separatists-Puritans

    The Puritans thought the Church of England simply couldn't be reformed to their liking. They also lived in fear of persecution. Decided to come to America. Plymouth was a much healthier environment; more people migrated there and it grew more quickly than the Chesapeake area.
  • Puritan Values

    -The church was only for people who were already saved
    -Hard work, self-made man
    -Rich people are bad
    -Encouraged literacy
    -Believed a life of Christianity could save you
  • Indian Relations

    Massasoit led the Indians in and around Plymouth. They were very friendly and taught the English to use fish as fertilizer. It was less being nice and more of a diplomatic relations thing.
  • Roger Williams

    He came to MA in search of the separatist government. He preached separation of church and state, religious toleration, etc.
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    Second Anglo-Powhatan War

    Openchancanough attacked Jamestown plantations over and over again, killing 1/3 of the colonists, including John Rolfe.
  • Petition of Rights

    Parliament passes the Petition of Rights. It resumed no taxes unless, from Parliament, no "arbitrary" arrests or imprisonment, and no soldiers would be quartered in private homes.
  • Pennsylvania

    William Penn formed the religiously tolerant colony of Pennsylvania. He also wanted houses along the rivers to have peace with the Indians.
  • Maryland

    Sir George Calvert was awarded the ability to colonize Maryland. Made a representative assembly under his feudal system.
  • Roger Williams England

    Roger Williams was almost sent back to England, but John Winthrop warned him. Established religiously tolerant Rhode Island.
  • Anne Hutchinson

    Preaches that Christians are free from morals because they're going to go to Heaven anyway because of predestination. Exiled and killed in 1643.
  • Pequot Raid

    90 Connecticut men raided a Pequot village attempting to expand onto their land.
  • Rights of Englishmen

    Maryland Assembly passed a law granting citizens of MA (except for slaves) all the rights of Englishmen
  • Half-way Covenant

    Became more and more popular because people didn't have religious revelations and couldn't go to church. They were children of people who had a rebirth experience.
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    Third Anglo-Powhatan War

    Openancanough attacked again, killing 400 English people. When he was killed two years later, the war ended in the English's favor.
  • Reservation

    Set up the first American Indian Reservation of north York, but intruded into it very quickly.
  • Act of Toleration

    No one has to exercise a religion they don't agree with, even women (as long as you worship Jesus Christ).
  • Mercantilism

    Fueled the Navigation Acts. Among other things, it said that the mother country should produce finished products while the colonies supply the raw materials.
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    The Navigation Acts

    English goods had to be shipped by Englishmen's ships, all foreign goods for the colonies had to be shipped by Britain so they could tax them, and some colonial products had to go to England first and then were shipped elsewhere.
  • Democratic Change

    Proprietor Anthony Ashley Cooper and John Locke wrote the Constitution of the colony.
  • Formation

    Very good, fertile land
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    King Philip's War

    It begins because Metacon was trying to keep his land from the English, but in 1675 they all banded together to get it (except Rhode Island). Metacon was killed and the English won.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Even after Berkley told him not to, Bacon held a huge raid against the Susquehannocks and killed a lot of them, in Virginia.
  • Westo War

    Carolina got their Indian allies to destroy French and Spanish traders around them so they could dominate Indian trade.
  • Rules for Blacks

    Black people can't own livestock.
  • French Colonization

    The French got the mouth of the Mississippi River and claimed Louisiana. Split up the Spanish empire and worried the British. The colony was bad land and pretty unattractive--mostly it was inhabited by criminals that were sent over there.
  • The Two Treaties of Governments

    It was written by Locke; it helped usher in freedom and equality and universal rights instead of feudalism.
  • Tituba

    Accused of practicing witchcraft in the woods with two teenage girls. She escaped with her life by telling a bizarre, and confusing story.
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    The Salem Witch Trials

    John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin began the Salem witch trials. 156 people had been accused, 20 were killed. Most accusers of witchcraft were women in their teens or twenties; most accused were women above the age of 40. Additionally, respectable members of the community and a four-year-old were accused.
  • In Need of Settlers!

    The Spanish offered the British money to settle in Florida.
  • Massachusetts

    Massachusetts representative assembly orders all Roman Catholic priests to vacate the colony within three months, an action was also taken by the New York legislature.