Special Education Legislation Timeline
Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act of 1963(P.L. 88-164, 77 STAT 282)
The law initiated federal involvement in the construction of community mental health centers and authorized the National Institute of Mental Health to monitor the centers. Amendments to the law in 1965. As the community centers opened, they provided both inpatient and outpatient services to the mentally ill, as well as emergency services, day treatment, consultation and education.
Maternal and Child Health and Mental Retardation Planning Amendments of 1963(P.L. 88-156)
through provision of prenatal, maternity, and infant care for individuals with conditions associated with childbearing which may lead to mental retardation, and through planning for comprehensive action to combat mental retardation, and for other purposes.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965(P.L. 89-10)
For programs to assist disadvantage children, instructional materials, centers for educational innovation and research, and state educational agencies.
Education of the Handicapped Act of 1970(P.L. 91-230)
This act consolidated existing grant programs of 1966; educational funding for the disability needs especially in rural areas, and was the precursor of the EAHCA of 1975.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973(P.L.93-112)
It prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs conducted by Federal agencies, in programs receiving Federal financial assistance, in Federal employment, and in the employment practices of Federal contractors.
Section 501 requires affirmative action and nondiscrimination in employment
Section 503 requires affirmative action and prohibits employment discrimination by Federal government contractors and subcontractors with contr
Amendment Education of the Handicapped Act of 1974(P.L.93-380)
Directed states to develop state plans and that the testing and evaluation for placement materials are nondiscriminatory in nature and options are available for children to be in regular classrooms whenever possible.
Education for All Handicapped Children, 1975(P.L. 94-142)
Hearings Before the Subcommittee on the Handicapped of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, to Provide Financial Assistance to the States for Improved Educational Services to Handicapped Children
Education for all Handicapped Children Act of 1975(P.L. 94-142)
For the increased educational responsibility placed on the states to fully educate handicapped children.
-Parents rights are protected
-to assist states and localities
-to ensure the effectiveness of their efforts
Handicapped Children’s Protection Act of 1986(P.L. 99-372)
This was to award attorney fees to prevailing parties at the courts discrection.
Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1986PL 99-457
Now includes services with children with disabilities ages 3-5 for early intervention programs.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990(P.L. 101-336)
The most comprehensive pieces of legislation since EAHCA 1975. ADA mandates reasonable accommidations to be provided for the individual with disabilities in the public, work and school environment. i.e. telecommunication relay services
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990(P.L. 101-476)
Changed from the Handicapped Children’s Act to this and know as IDEA
The change reflected the use of “people first” language.
It also included services for children with disabilities 18-21
It added transition and assistive tech services, rehabilitation and counseling services
It expanded to include children with autism and traumatic brain injury as well
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1991(P.L 102-119)
Reauthorization of Part H to Early Intervention Program for infants and toddlers with disabilites. Instead of an IEP for birth-3yr olds this required and IFSP
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997(P.L 105-17)
To promote school safety and increase parental participation and parent school realationships.
The Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 DD Act(P.L. 106-402)
To improve service systems for individuals with developmental disabilities, and for other purposes. Also known as DD Act, was to include a functional definition of disability, development of state plans for deinstitutionalization, state grants for services and accountablitity to report back to govermental entity of plans and services provided.
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(P.L. 107-110)
This is intended “to close the achievement gap by holding states, local districts and schools accountable for improving the academic achievement of all children” It has 10 sections labeled titles for individual services.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004(P.L 108-445)
George W. Bush signed the reauthorization stating
-definition of highly qualified teachers for special education
-reduction of paperwork and other non-educational activities
-changes in procedural safeguards
-LEA-early intervention services