Special Education Law Timeline

Timeline created by AndreaEG
In History
  • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

    Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
    Landmark civil rights decision that ended segregation in public schools and opened the door for families with children with disabilities to bring lawsuits against public schools for segregating children with disabilities.
    Wright, P. (2020, January 6). The History of Special Education Law. Wrightslaw. https://www.wrightslaw.com/law/art/history.spec.ed.law.htm
  • Period: to

    Special Education Laws

  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA)

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA)
    Landmark legislation provided resources to help ensure that disadvantaged students had access to quality education.
    Wright, P. (2020, January 6). The History of Special Education Law. Wrightslaw.
    https://www.wrightslaw.com/law/art/history.spec.ed.law.htm
  • Education of the Handicapped Act of (1970)

    Education of the Handicapped Act of (1970)
    Special education law mandated that students with disabilities be educated and receive the special education services they need to progress academically.
    Special Education Timeline. (n.d.). Sutori. Retrieved September 28, 2020, from https://www.sutori.com/item/1970-education-of-the-handicapped-act-eha-p-l-91-230-the-education-of-the
  • PARC v. Commonwealth of PA (1972)

    PARC v. Commonwealth of PA (1972)
    A class-action lawsuit claiming that certain state laws unconstitutionally denied a free publicly funded education to children with mental disabilities.
    Arocho, J. (2012, July 31). PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse. https://www.clearinghouse.net/detail.php?id=11082
  • Mills v. Board of Education (1972)

    Mills v. Board of Education (1972)
    A lawsuit filed against the District of Columbia that ordered the district to serve all students, regardless of disability, in a lengthy and thorough decree.
    Mills v. Board of Education of District of Columbia. (2020, May 7). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mills_v._Board_of_Education_of_District_of_Columbia
  • Public Law 94-142: The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975

    Public Law 94-142: The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
    The law focused on ensuring that children with disabilities had access to education and due process of law.
    Wright, P. (2020, January 6). The History of Special Education Law. Wrightslaw.
    https://www.wrightslaw.com/law/art/history.spec.ed.law.htm
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1990

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1990
    This law ensures that special needs students receive appropriate free public education in the least restrictive environment necessary to meet those students’ needs.
    5 Important Special Education Laws. (n.d.). Masters In Special Education Program Guide. Retrieved September 28, 2020, from
    https://www.masters-in-special-education.com/lists/5-important-special-education-laws/
  • The Assistive Technology Act (1998)

    The Assistive Technology Act (1998)
    The act provides assistive technology to persons with disabilities so they can more fully participate in education, employment, and daily activities on level playing fields with other people in their communities.
    4 Special education laws and policies every teacher should know. (2020, January 30). Brandman University. Retrieved September 28, 2020, from https://www.brandman.edu/news-and-events/blog/special-education%20laws
  • No Child Left Behind (2001)

    No Child Left Behind (2001)
    Called for schools to be accountable for the academic performance of all students, whether or not they had disabilities. The act requires schools in every state to develop routine assessments of students’ academic skills.
    5 Important Special Education Laws. (n.d.). Masters In Special Education Program Guide. Retrieved September 28, 2020, from
    https://www.masters-in-special-education.com/lists/5-important-special-education-laws/
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) of 2004

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) of 2004
    The first purpose is to provide an education that meets a child’s unique needs and prepares the child for further education, employment, and independent living. The second purpose is to protect the rights of both children with disabilities and their parents.
    Wright, P. (2020, January 6). The History of Special Education Law. Wrightslaw.
    https://www.wrightslaw.com/law/art/history.spec.ed.law.htm