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Space Race

  • Launching Of Sputnik One

    Launching Of Sputnik One
    The Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball (58 cm.or 22.8 inches in diameter), weighed only 83.6 kg. or 183.9 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path.
  • Sputnik II

     Sputnik II
    The Soviet Union set another record when it launched Sputnik II with the first living creature in space: a dog named Laika Into orbit .
  • America's First Satellite

    America's First Satellite
    Explorer 1 was the first satellite launched by the United States .Explorer 1 was a cosmic ray detector designed to measure the radiation environment in Earth orbit.
  • Vanguard 2

    Vanguard 2
    The satellite was designed to measure cloud-cover distribution over the daylight portion of its orbit, for a period of 19 days, and to provide information on the density of the atmosphere for the lifetime of its orbit As of June 25, 2009, Vanguard 2 was still in orbit
  • The First Human in Space

    The First Human in Space
    Yuri Alekseyvich Gagarin became the first human in space when he completed one orbit in a 108 minute space flight aboard Vostok I
  • Presidents Aproval

    Presidents Aproval
    Kennedy announced his support for the Apollo program and redefined the ultimate goal of the Space Race in an address to a special joint session of Congress:"I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth."His justification for the Moon Race, was that it was both vital to national security and it would focus the nation's energies in other scientific and social fields.
  • Mercury program

     Mercury program
    Mercury-Redstone 1 was the first Mercury-Redstone mission in the Mercury program and the first attempt to launch a Mercury spacecraft with the Mercury-Redstone launch vehicle. Intended to be an unmanned sub-orbital flight, it was launched rom Cape Canaveral, Florida. The launch failed it has been referred to as the "four-inch flight".
  • Valentina Tereshkova

    Valentina Tereshkova
    Valentina Tereshkova was launched into space aboard Vostok 6. She became the first woman to travel in space. Valentina Tereshkova made 48 orbits of Earth. She spent almost three days in space.(soviets)
  • Voskhod I

    Voskhod I
    Voskhod I became the first multiperson capsule, launching on October 12, 1964 with Vladimir M. Komarov, Konstantin P. Feoktistov, and Boris B. Yegorov aboard. They were also the first to land their capsule on the ground. And in March 1965, Alexei A. Leonov made the first "walk" in space.
  • The Apollo One Disaster

    The Apollo One Disaster
    Edward White, Virgil Grissom, and Roger Chaffee died in a fire, during a preflight test. A number of problems developed with oxygen and communications.Communications methods went awry. Then five and a half hours after they had entered the command module, Chaffee said, "Fire, I smell fire." seconds later, White shouted, "Fire in the cockpit." A few seconds later, they were dead from smoke inhalation.
  • Apollo 8

    Apollo 8
    spacecraft was the first of the Apollo series to successfully orbit the moon, and the first manned spacecraft to leave Earth's gravity and reach the Moon. The mission achieved operational experience and tested the Apollo command module systems, including communications, tracking, and life-support, in cis-lunar space and lunar orbit, and allowed evaluation of crew performance on a lunar orbiting mission.
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin spent 2 ½ hours on the lunar surface, but Armstrong was the first one to set his foot on the Moon’s surface.
  • The Apollo 13 Accident

    The Apollo 13 Accident
    The Apollo 13 malfunction was caused by an explosion and rupture of oxygen tank no. 2 in the service module. The explosion ruptured a line or damaged a valve in the no. 1 oxygen tank, causing it to lose oxygen rapidly. The service module bay no.4 cover was blown off. All oxygen stores were lost within about 3 hours, along with loss of water, electrical power, and use of the propulsion system.In order to save the lives of the men the original mission had to be aborted .
  • Apollo 15

    Apollo 15
    Apollo 15 was the fourth mission in which humans walked on the lunar surface and returned to Earth. On 30 July 1971 two astronauts David R. Scott and James B. Irwin landed in the Hadley Rille/Apennines region of the Moon in the Lunar Module while the Command and Service Module continued in lunar orbit
  • Apollo 17's Return From the moon

    Apollo 17's Return From the moon
    The Apollo mission consisted of a Command Module and a Lunar Module The CM and LM would separate after lunar orbit insertion. One crew member would stay in the CM, which would orbit the Moon, while the other two astronauts would take the LM down to the lunar surface. After exploring the surface, setting up experiments, taking pictures, collecting rock samples, etc., the astronauts would return to the CM for the journey back to Earth.