Space Race

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    Space Race

  • Sputnik 1 (USSR)

    Sputnik 1 (USSR)
    USSR launches Sputnik 1.
  • Explorer 1 (USA)

    Explorer 1 (USA)
    Explorer 1, the first American satellite to reach orbit, is launched. It carried scientific equipment that lead to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • NASA (USA)

    NASA (USA)
    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed, it replaces the National Advisory Committee on Areonautics (NACA).
  • Pioneer 1 (USA)

    Pioneer 1 (USA)
    Pioneer 1 is launched to a height of 70,700 miles.
  • Luna 1 (USSR)

    Luna 1 (USSR)
    Luna 1 is launched by the USSR. It is the first man made object to orbit the sun.
  • Tiros 1 (USA)

    Tiros 1 (USA)
    Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched.
  • Alan B. Shepard (USA)

    Alan B. Shepard (USA)
    Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American in space.
  • John F. Kennedy (USA)

    John F. Kennedy (USA)
    President John F. Kennedy addresses Congress and challenge the nation to go to the Moon before the end of the decade.
  • John Glenn (USA)

    John Glenn (USA)
    John Glenn orbits the Earth three times.
  • Walter Schirra (USA)

    Walter Schirra (USA)
    Walter Schirra orbits the Earth six times.
  • Mariner 2 (USA)

    Mariner 2 (USA)
    Mariner 2 flies past Venus and enters a solar orbit.
  • Ranger 7 (USA)

    Ranger 7 (USA)
    Ranger 7 transmits the first close range images of the moon.
  • First Spacewalk (USSR)

    First Spacewalk (USSR)
    Alexei Leonov spends 12 minutes outside of his Voskhod spacecraft performing the first spacewalk
  • First Spacewalk (USA)

    First Spacewalk (USA)
    Ed White performs America's first spacewalk. Jim McDivitt remains in the Gemini capsule.
  • Venus 3 (USSR)

    Venus 3 (USSR)
    Venus 3 is launched. It becomes the first man made object to impact Venus on March 1, 1966
  • Luna 10 (USSR)

    Luna 10 (USSR)
    Luna 10 becomes the first satellite to orbit the moon.
  • Lunar Orbiter 1 (USA)

    Lunar Orbiter 1 (USA)
    Lunar Orbiter 1 enters orbit around the moon and takes the first picture of the Earth from that distance.
  • Zond 5 (USSR)

    Zond 5 (USSR)
    Zond 5 is launched. It carried a biological payload (including two turtles) around the moonand returned to Earth six days later.
  • First men to walk on moon (USA)

    First men to walk on moon (USA)
    Neill Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin becomes the first men to walk on the moon while crewmate Michael Collins orbits around the moon alone.
  • First Precision Lunar Landing

    First Precision Lunar Landing
    Pete Conrad and Alan Bean performs the first precision lunar landing, touching just 600 feet from the Surveyor 3 probe that arrived two years earlier.