Space Exploration Timeline By ce20424 150 First Atronomical Observitory The first astronomical Observitory was built by the astronomer Hipparchus. 165 First Astronomer Claudius Ptolemy was the first person to dedicate their life to astronomy and consider it their career. Jan 1, 1575 First Telescope Hans Lippershey created the first telescope. Jan 1, 1600 First Known Mapping of the Stars The Chinese are thought to be the first people to successfully map the starts in the 1600's. Jan 1, 1608 Telescope Mastered Galileo was the first to master the telescope and create better versions. Jan 1, 1668 New Telescope Sir Isaac Newton creates his own version of the telescope,mending brings up new ideas for astronomical exploration. Jan 1, 1926 Creation of the Rocket The first propelled rocket as built by Robert Goddard. Jan 1, 1942 First Space Rocket The V-2 rocket launched by the Germans was the first rocket to reach space, although it was never recovered. Jan 1, 1949 First Space Shuttle The first space shuttle was the "Enterprise", but it never went to space. Jan 1, 1950 First Space Probes Launched In 1950, the first space probes were launched. Jul 22, 1957 First Animal in Space The Soviet Union launches a dog named Laikia in a space shuttle and dies, although this was expected. Jul 29, 1958 NASA is Formed In 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is created by the U.S. government to from one group where American astronauts, astronomers, etc. could come together as one. Apr 12, 1961 First Man in Space Yuri Alekseyevich Alekseyevich was the first man in space. He was launched what by was then the Soviet Union. May 5, 1961 First American in Space Alan Shepard was the first American to go to space, he was launched into orbit, his shuttle barely had enough room for one person. Feb 20, 1962 John Glenn is the First Person to Orbit Earth Johnn Glenn was launched by the NASA to orbit Earth, and to test some of the effects of space. Jun 16, 1963 First Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova is launched into space in a shuttle by the U.S.S.R. Jul 20, 1969 First Humans on the Moon Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrian land on the moon and become the first people to do so. Jul 10, 1972 First TV Satellite The first satellite for television is launched. Apr 19, 1973 First Space Station is Launched into Orbit The space station "Skylab" is launched into orbit by NASA. Jul 20, 1976 First Spacecraft on Mars The unmanned spacecraft "Viking I" lands on Mars for the first time. Apr 12, 1981 First Reusable Space Shuttle is Launched The reusable space shuttle "Columbia" is launched by NASA into space. Apr 24, 1990 First Orbital Telescope is Launched "Hubble" is launched into orbit and becomes the first orbital telescope. Oct 6, 1998 First Person to Orbit Earth John Glenn was the first person to ever successfully complete a full orbit of Earth. Nov 20, 2000 The Universal Space Station is Launched A combination of many countries around the world come together to create and launch the ISS into orbit. Jan 28, 2003 "Challenger" Explodes While Launching The space shuttle "Challenger" explodes while launching, remains scatter across Louisiana and Texas. Sep 28, 2014 Clear Photos of Mars are Sent to Earth The clearest photos ever taken of Mars are sent from the Mars Rover to Earth. Sep 10, 2015 Apollo Photos Revealed NASA releases photos of earlier Apollo missions. Sep 16, 2015 NASA Technology NASA announces that it would like start up companies to use their patents technology. Sep 28, 2015 Water on Mars Founds NASA may have found signs of water on Mars, which could point to the idea that there may have been life on Mars. Oct 6, 2015 Key Discoveries of Pluto's Surface are Made NASA announced that they have discovered many new things on Pluto, such as that it has active geology, and weather. These announcements were made by Dr. Alan Stern.