Rockets

  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to

    Pre 17th Century

  • Oct 14, 1232

    First use of True Rockets

    First use of True Rockets
    During a battle with the Mongols, the Chinese used arrows outfitted with a rocket attatched to the shaft to repel the mongols. The rocket was made of a tube with gunpowder in one end and an opening in the other end. When the powder ignited, it provided thrust to propel the arrow. It's unknown how effective this was.
  • May 4, 1550

    Rocket use in Europe

    Rocket use in Europe
    Around this time, rockets were mainly used for fireworks and rarely used for warfare. At this time, Johann Schmidlap made a multi staged rocket where as the stages burnt out they would detach from the rocket.
  • Period: to

    17th and 18th centuries

  • Newton's Three Laws of Motion

    Newton's Three Laws of Motion
    The English scienctist Sir Issac Newton layed the foundation for rocketry by orgainizing physical motion into three laws. These were known as Newton's laws of motion. This had a huge impact on the design and creation of rockets.
  • Advancment of Rocketry in Warfare.

    Advancment of Rocketry in Warfare.
    Rockets were used as weapons of war in and Indian Revoultion, catching the eye of an artillery expert, Colonel William Congreve. He then paved the way for rocketry in the military forces.
  • Period: to

    19th century

  • Influence on the National Anthem

    Influence on the National Anthem
    Congreve rockets were highly succesfull as weapons of war during the war of 1812. The use of rockets by the British to assault the American Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write the poem that later became the lyrics for the Star Spangled Banner.
  • Invention of Spin Stabilization

    Invention of Spin Stabilization
    All over the world, researchers attempted to improve the accuracy of Rockets in warfare. An englishman named William Hale developed a technique called "spin stabilization". Exhaust gases struck small veins causing the rocket to spin like a bullet in flight.
  • The Father of Modern Astronautics

    The Father of Modern Astronautics
    A russian schoolteacher named Konstantin Tsiolkovsky proposed the idea of space exploration by use of rocket. He then later published a report suggesting the use of liquid proppelants to achieve greater range in flight. He also said that speed and range were only limited by the velocity of escaping gases.
  • Period: to

    20th century

  • A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes

    A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes
    A rocketeer, Robert H. Goddard, became interested in finding ways to reach higher altitudes with a rocket. In 1919, he published a pamphlet entitled A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes containing a mathematcal analysis of today we call the meterological sounding rocket.
  • Development of the V-2 Rocket

    Development of the V-2 Rocket
    Hermann Oberth, a native german, published a book in 1923 about travel into outer space by rocket. This book inspired small rocket societies to start devleoping all over the world. In Germany, one of these societies developed the V-2 Rocket, used against the British during World War II. Although it was small, the V-2 rocket could achieve great thrust. It was so powerful that it could devastate whole city blocks.
  • First Liquid Propellant Rocket

    First Liquid Propellant Rocket
    Robert H. Goddard continued his research and became convinced that the use of liquid fuel in a rocket could propel it higher than ever thought possible. Although encountering difficulty, he achieved the first succesfull flight of a liquid fuel powered rocket. It only flew for 2 and a half seconds, but it landed 56 meters away. Although unimpressive today, this rocket paved the way for a whole new era in rocketry.
  • The Space Race

    The Space Race
    The United States and the Soviet Union both engaged in a race for achievments in the space frontier. On October 4th, the Soviets launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial sattelite orbiting Earth. Although Sputnik itself was not a rocket, it was what started the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union. This led to the founding of NASA the following year.
  • The Moon Landing

    The Moon Landing
    On July 20, 1969, the first man on the moon was Neil Armstrong. The launch of the Saturn V rocket that went to the moon was on the 16th of July, 1969. After returning from the moon, the crew used parachutes to safely land in the ocean to wait for the rescue crew.
  • Period: to

    21st Century

  • First Tourist Transported on a Rocket into Space

    First Tourist Transported on a Rocket into Space
    The first tourist in space, Dennis Tito, was transpoted to the ISS using a rocket. He was the first paying tourist to space.
  • GRC Thermal Barrier Invention

    GRC Thermal Barrier Invention
    GRC thermal barriers were used to help rocket nozzle joints resist high temperatures. This was a helpful innovation used in many current rockets.
  • GPS in Rockets

    GPS in Rockets
    A Delta 4 rocket lifted off that was tracked via sattelite rather than by radar. Using a sattellite for tracking saves a lot of money, costing much less than radar tracking.