Space Timeline By Jacobjakusz Sep 30, 1610 First Spotting Of The Moon Through A Telescope. On this date Galileo Galilei was the first person to see the moon through a telescope. Sep 30, 1926 The First Liquid Rockets Are Launched On this date Robert H. Goddard launches first liquid fueled rockets. Sep 30, 1929 The First Rocket With Students Launches. On this date Hermann Oberth launches first personal rocket with students Oct 1, 1929 First Rocket With Students Are Launched On this date Hermann Oberth launches first personal rocket with students. Sep 30, 1931 German Military Rockets Launch On this date the German Military develops first German military liquid fueled rockets. Oct 1, 1931 First German Military Liquid Fueled Rockets Developed On this date the German Military produced their first liquid fueled rockets. Oct 1, 1933 Soviet Union Launches First Rocket On this date the Soviet Union launched their very first rocket. May 22, 1946 First U.S. Designed Rocket To Reach Edge Of Space (80 km (49 mi)) On this date the first U.S designed rocked reached the edge of space by WAC Corporal. Oct 1, 1946 The First Research Flight Is Launched By The U.S The first research flight was launched by the U.S and was captured by the V-2 space rocket Oct 24, 1946 First pictures of Earth from 105 km On this date the U.S collected their first pictures of Earth from the V-2 rocket. Aug 21, 1957 First intercontinental ballistic missile On this date the USSR launched their first intercontinental balistic missle. This missle was called R-7 Semyorka. Oct 4, 1957 First artificial satellite, First signals from space On this date the USSR recieved their first signals from space from Sputnik 1. Jan 31, 1958 First Satelite Sent By The U.S On this date Explorer 1 was the first satelite sent in a s pace orbit by the U.S Aug 19, 1960 Sputnik Five Was Launched The Soviet craft Sputnik 5 was launched, carrying the dogs Strelka and Belka. They became the first living beings to survive a trip into space. Apr 12, 1961 First Human In Space Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space. May 5, 1961 First American In Space Astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space. May 25, 1961 President Kennedy Announces To Put Man In Moon President Kennedy challenged the country to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. Jun 16, 1962 First Women In Space Valentina Nikolayeva Tereshkova became the first woman in space. Mar 18, 1966 First Man To Walk In Space While tethered to his spacecraft, cosmonaut Alexi Leonov became the first man to walk in space. Jun 2, 1966 First American Spacecraft On Moon Surveyor 1 became the first American spacecraft to land on the moon. Jul 20, 1969 First Men On Moon Neil Armstrong and "Buzz" Aldrin became the first men on the moon. Apr 12, 1981 First Space Shuttle Launched Columbia became the first space shuttle ro be launched. Aug 26, 1981 Voyager 2 Reaches Saturn Voyager 2 reached Saturn and began transmitting images. Jun 19, 1983 First American Woman In Space Sally Ride became the first American woman in space on Challenger’s second mission Oct 3, 1984 First Man To Take Unteatherd Space Walk Astronaut Bruce McCandless became the first man to take an untethered space walk. Jan 28, 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger Explodes The Space Shuttle Challenger exploded seconds after liftoff. Sep 12, 1992 First African American Woman In Space Mae Jemison became the first African-American woman in space. Feb 2, 1995 First Female Shuttle Pilot Eileen Collins became the first female Shuttle pilot. Aug 25, 2003 NASA Launches Largest-Diameter Infared Telescope NASA launched the largest-diameter infrared telescope ever in space, the Spitzer Space Telescope. Aug 4, 2007 NASA Laumches Mars Lander NASA launched its Phoenix Mars Lander. Jul 16, 2011 First Man Made Spacecraft To Orbit An Asteriod NASA's Dawn spacecraft became the first man made craft to orbit an asteroid. Nov 26, 2011 NASA Launches Biggest And Best Robot To Explore Mars NASA launched Curiosity, the biggest, best equipped robot ever sent to explore another planet. It will reach Mars in 2012.