Space Exploration

  • Period: 476 to


    Aryabhata was born in Ashmaka and lived in Kusumapura. Aryabhata is sometimes called to be the one who gave the world the digit zero. His theory was the earth was taken to be spinning on its axis and the periods of the planets were given with respect to the sun. He affirmed the theory of the heliocentrism.
  • Period: Feb 19, 1473 to May 24, 1543


    Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Torun, Poland. Copernicus developed his own celestial model fo a heliocentric planetary system.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to


    Galileo lived in Italy (Pisa). Galileo's main contributions to astronomy include improvements to the telescope,astronomical observations and also support for Copernicanism.

    CSIRO stands for Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. CSIRO is the federal government agency for scientific research in Australia. It provides technology and services for raido astronomy, spacecraft tracking and space sciences. Founded in 1926.
  • First animal in space

    First animal in space
    The first animal in space was a fruit fly aboard a U.S. V-2 rocket. The purpose of the experiment was to explore the effects of radiation exposure at high outitudes. The fly came back alive.
  • Laika

    Laika was a Soviet space dog who became one of the first animals in space and the first to orbit the Earth.
  • Period: to


    Project Mercury was the United States first man in space program. It made six flights. 1. To orbit a manned spacecraft around earth. 2. To investigate mans ability to function in space. 3. To recover both man and spacecaft safely.
  • NASA

    NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is in charge of U.S science and technology that has to do with airplanes or space. It makes satellites, sends probes out into space. NASA scientists study things in the solar system , and even farther away.A new program will send humans to the moon, Mars and beyond. People at NASA work on ways to make air travel better for everyone on Earth, too. Founded in 1958.
  • Yuri Gagarin

    Yuri Gagarin
    Yuri Gagarin was a Soviet cosmonaut who made history when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth.
  • Period: to


    Project Apollo's goals included. 1. Establishing the technology to meet other national interestsin space. 2. Achieving preeminence in space for the United States. 3. Carrying out a program of scientific exploration of the Moon. 4. Developing mans capapility to work in the lunar environment.
  • Period: to

    Space Shuttle

    NASA's Space Shuttle Program, officially called the Space Transportation System (STS) was the U.S government's manned launch vehicle program.
  • Period: to


    Skylab station orbited the earth. It included a workshop, a solar observatory and other scientific systems. Skylab program objectives were to prove that humans could live and work in space for long periods of time and to expand our knowledge of solar astronomy.
  • Mars

    Viking 1 lander was the first spacecraft to land and orbit Mars. It held the record for the longest Mars mission of 2307 days until that record was broken in 2010 by the Opportunity Rover.
  • Space Shuttle

    Space Shuttle
    The U.S. space shuttle was the world's first reusable spacecraft. There were originally 5 space shuttles. The last mission was with Atlantis in July 2011. The space shuttle Challenger broke apart 73 seconds into its fiight killing the 7 crew members.
  • Hubble Telescope

    Hubble Telescope
    The Hubble Space Telescope is a space based Telescope that was launched by the space shuttle. It takes thousands of images which has expanded our understanding of star birth,star death and galaxy evolution. It is named after astronomer Edwin Powell Hubble.
  • Ploto

    A group of astronomers decided that Pluto should not be a planet in 2003.Pluto is no longer a planet becase it got too small and the location in space. Pluto is now called a dwarf planet.
  • Comet

    Comets are often referred to as a "dirty snowballs". They are left over from the formation of stars and planets billions of years ago. Before zipping around the sun with their big tails, comets that we see in our solar system start out as big chunks of rock and ice. Halley's Comet is a periodic comet and returns to Earth's vicinity about every 75 years. The comet is named after English astronomer Edmomd Halley.