Slavery 1860's

By rbarn77
  • The Southern Secession

    The Southern Secession
    When Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president, the South Carolina legislature perceived a threat. Calling a state convention, the delegates voted to remove the state of South Carolina from the union known as the United States of America. The secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of six more states. This secesion separated the slave holding states from the others giving the South a lot more man power with their excess slaves.
  • Period: to

    Affection to slavery during the Civil War

  • Benjamin Butler

    Benjamin Butler
    Union General Benjamin Butler refuses to comply with the Fugitive Slave Law, and labels the runaway slaves crossing Union lines as "contraband of war". Congress has yet to enact a policy on the issue.
  • Congressional Law

    Congressional Law
    Congress passes a law which declares that runaway or captured slaves can not be returned to their masters if they are used by their masters for military purposes.
  • Missouri Freedom

    Missouri Freedom
    Lincoln overturns an emancipation order for Missouri issued by General John C. Frémont granting freedom to northern slaves of that state.
  • Freedom for evryone?

    Freedom for evryone?
    Lincoln proposes a formal plan of gradual, compensated emancipation. Congress passes a resolution in favor of his plan, but none of the border states accept it. Congress prohibits, under threat of court-martial, the return of all slaves to their masters.
  • D.C. Freedom

    D.C. Freedom
    Congress abolishes slavery in the District of Columbia, with financial compensation to former slaveowners. This was a small but effective start in retiring slavery throughout the states. .
  • Territorial Slavery

    Territorial Slavery
    Congress bans slavery in the territories, without compensation to former slaveowners.
  • Black Military

    Black Military
    Congress authorizes the president to enlist black military recruits, but Lincoln does not call for a general mobilization of blacks.
    President Lincoln informs his cabinet that he plans to issue an emancipation proclamation. Secretary of State William Henry Seward convinces him to wait until after a major Union victory.
  • Emancipation Proclomation

    Emancipation Proclomation
    Union forces repel Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s invasion of the North at Antietam, Maryland. Lee retreats back to Virginia.
    Following the desired Union victory at Antietam, Lincoln announces the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. If the Confederacy does not surrender, the president will free all the slaves in Confederate territory. If the Confederate states do surrender, then their slaves will not be freed.
  • Emancipation Proclomation goes into affect

    Emancipation Proclomation goes into affect
    The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect. All the slaves in Confederate territory are declared free. The policy does not apply to the border states or to Southern territory held by the Union before January 1. Henceforth, as Union troops advance across the South, thousands of slaves are freed. The Emancipation Proclamation also reaffirms the president’s authority to enlist black servicemen, and initiates an effort to organize all-black regiments.
  • Enrollment Act

    Enrollment Act
    Congress passes the Enrollment Act, creating a military draft. (The Confederacy had resorted to a draft in April 1862.)
  • Riot

    In response to implementation of the military draft, bloody riots erupt in cities across the North. The worst occurs in New York City, where mobs demolish draft offices, lynch several blacks, and destroy large sections of the city.
  • Lincoln Wins

    Lincoln Wins
    Lincoln wins reelection against the Democratic presidential nominee, Union General George B. McClellan.
  • Assasination

    Lincoln is assassinated, and Vice President Andrew Johnson succeeds to the presidency.
  • Constitunionalized

    The requisite number of states ratify the 13th Amendment, and it becomes part of the Constitution.