Servio's Civil War Timeline

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    Servio's Civil War Timeline

    Events that span the course of several years in the seventh decade of the nineteenth century.
  • Richmond

    Richmond
    Southern delegates hold a National Democratic convention in Richmond.
  • Joseph E. Johnston

    Joseph E. Johnston
    Joseph E. Johnston appointed Quartermaster General
  • John F. Reynolds

    John F. Reynolds
    Lieutenant Colonel William Hardee is replaced by Major John F. Reynolds as commander of cadets at West Point
  • William Henry Gist

    William Henry Gist
    Governor William Henry Gist notifies other Deep South states that South Carolina is considering secession as an option .
  • Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States of America

    Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States of America
    Abraham Lincoln is elected as the 16th President. He is the first Republican. He received thirty nine percent of the popular votes and 180 of 303 electoral votes.
  • Fort Moultrie

    Fort Moultrie
    Robert Anderson makes his third request for reinforcements at Fort Moultrie
  • Georgia calls for a convention

    Georgia calls for a convention
    Georgia calls for a convention of Southern states to form an independent nation.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    On this day, the first state, South Carolina, secedes from the Union. They will go on to be part of the Confederate States of America. They will be rivals to the Union.
  • Francis W. Pickens

    Francis W. Pickens
    Governor Francis W. Pickens takes office
  • Charleston

    Charleston
    Charleston is notified by telegraph that a man of war with troops is on the way
  • Confederate States of America Formed

    Confederate States of America Formed
    On this day, the Confederate States of America were formed. Jefferson Davis served as President. He was a West Point Graduate and a former Army officer.
  • Abraham Lincoln is Sworn in as President

    Abraham Lincoln is Sworn in as President
    On this day Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as President. He was the 16th President under a rough time period. He was remembered as one of the most diverse thinking Presidents throughout history.
  • Fort Sumter Attacked

    Fort Sumter Attacked
    Conferderates fired with cannons upon Fort Sumter. General Pierre Beaureguard was in charge. This event is the spur to the starting of the Civil War.
  • President Lincoln Decisions

    President Lincoln Decisions
    President Lincoln issues a Proclamation. In this, he asks for 75,000 militiamen. He also called for a session in Congress on July 4th.
  • Virginia Secedes from the Union

    Virginia Secedes from the Union
    On this date, Virginia Secedes from the Union. In time, this state joined an eleven state confederacy. The population of this confederacy was nine million.
  • President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade

    President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade
    President Lincoln started a Proclamation of Blockade against ports in the South. The blockade hindered the South from acquiring supplies. The North was well industrialized.
  • Robert E. Lee Resigned

    Robert E. Lee Resigned
    Robert E. Lee resigned from the United States Army. He then went to Richmond, Virginia. He was offered command there and took it.
  • Lincoln's Speech to Congress

    Lincoln's Speech to Congress
    In Congress, Lincoln made a speech regarding war. He stated that government maintains the great condition for all people. He called for 500,000 men as well.
  • First Bull Run

    First Bull Run
    The Union faced defeat to the Confederates, The Union General was Irvin McDowell and the Confederate General was Thomas J. Jackson. Jackson earned his nickname Stonewall Jackson here.
  • General McClellan Appointed

    General McClellan Appointed
    On this day, President Lincoln appointed General McClellan as Commander of the Department of the Potomac. High hopes were set on the new general in the upcoming battles. The Union needed more victories to stay with the upper hand in the war.
  • Fort Henry Captured

    Fort Henry Captured
    General Ulysses S. Grant captured Fort Henry. With this area secured, the Union further advanced. The strength of the Union increased.
  • Fort Donelson Captured

    Fort Donelson Captured
    General Ulysses S. Grant captured Fort Donelson. The Union once again secured another Confederate zone. With the two captures, General Grant earned his name Unconditional Surrender Grant.
  • Willie Lincoln Passed Away

    Willie Lincoln Passed Away
    On this day, the White House mourned over the death of Willie Lincoln. President Lincoln felt mental and emotional pain from this occurence. The reasoning behind his death was contaminated water in the White House.
  • Monitor vs. Merrimac

    Monitor vs. Merrimac
    The Union Ironclad named Monitor fought the Confederate Ironclad named Merrimac. The result of this fight was a draw. After this, wooden ships were no longer sufficient.
  • Shiloh

    Shiloh
    The Confederates surprised the troops under General Grant into battle. By the next day, 13,000 Union soldiers were killed or wounded and 10,000 Confederate soldiers met similar circumstances. President Lincoln considered letting Grant go but decided not to.
  • Replacement

    Replacement
    Jefferson Davis replaces wounded Army of Northern Virginia commander Joseph E. Johnston with Robert E. Lee
  • Second Battle of the Bull Run

    Second Battle of the Bull Run
    General Pope from the Union fought with his troops against General Stonewall Jackson and Longstreet with their troops. The Union Army once again retreated to Washington. General Pope no longered is in control.
  • Antietam

    Antietam
    General Lee and McClellan fought in Maryland resulting in over 26,000 men dead. This day is marked as the bloodiest in United States military history. Soon after, Lee planned to make way to Virginia.
  • McClellan Replaced with General Burnside

    McClellan Replaced with General Burnside
    Lincoln replaced General McClellan with General Ambrose E. Burnside. McClellan, according to Lincoln, had the slows. General Burnside brought effectiveness to the Union.
  • Fredericksburg

    Fredericksburg
    General Burnside clashes with General Lee with this battle in Fredericksburg, Virginia. The Union lost 12,653 men. The Confederacy lost 5,309, low in comparison.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in lands of the Confederacy. The Union Army now hired African American soldiers. The Union is also stabilized by the desire of abolition.
  • Burnside replaced by General Joe Hooker

    Burnside replaced by General Joe Hooker
    President Lincoln replaced Burnside with General Hooker in order to have stronger leaders in control. Fighting Joe was General Hooker's nickname. General Hooker was in charge of the Army of the Potomac.
  • Hooker replaced by General Meade

    Hooker replaced by General Meade
    President Lincoln replaced Joe Hooker with General George G. Meade. Meade was General of the Army of the Potomac. He is the fifth man in this position within a year.
  • End of the Battle of Gettysburg

    End of the Battle of Gettysburg
    The power is handed to the Union with the defeat of the Confederacy. This battle took place in Virginia. The fighting ended after three days.
  • Vicksburg

    Vicksburg
    The Confederate station of Vicksburg surrendered to the Union forces. This was the last Confederate area along the Mississippi River. The Confederacy was split into two portions.
  • Riots in New York City

    Riots in New York City
    In New York City, riots occurred in reaction to the hated draft. At least 120 people are killed. Two million dollars in damage was caused.
  • Frederick Douglass Met the President

    Frederick Douglass Met the President
    President Lincoln and Frederick Douglass had a meeting. One topic that was mentioned was equality. Specifically, equality for Union African American troops.
  • Chickamauga

    Chickamauga
    A Confederate victory occurred at Chickamauga. General Braxton Bragg and his troops win the battle. They captured General William S. Rosecrans and his troops.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address to honor all who had fallen. The speech only lasted for two minutes. The battlefield was marked as a National Cemetery.
  • Chattanooga

    Chattanooga
    The Union defeat the Confederacy at Chattanooga. General Grant defeated General Braxton Bragg. This battle avenged the defeat at Chickamauga.
  • Promotions for Grant and Sherman

    Promotions for Grant and Sherman
    President Lincoln appointed General Grant to command all Union armies. General William T. Sherman controlled all western lands. The new positions brought a higher percentage for success.
  • Cold Harbor

    Cold Harbor
    General Grants made a mistake at Cold Harbor, Virginia. That mistake costed him over 7,000 men. Before the mistake, one man wrote the prediction of his death in a diary.
  • Petersburg

    Petersburg
    The Union forces missed an opprotunity to capture Petersburg. The capture could have cut off Confederate lines. The capture would take nine months to complete.
  • Battle of Atlanta

    Battle of Atlanta
    General Sherman and his troops battled against General Hood and his troops. General Hood replaced General Johnston. The rebels were under the command of General Hood.
  • George B. McClellan vs. Abraham Lincoln

    George B. McClellan vs. Abraham Lincoln
    For the election, Democrats nominated George B. McClellan. He ran up against President Lincoln. President Lincoln represented the Republican Party.
  • Atlanta Captured

    Atlanta Captured
    Atlanta was captured by General Sherman. Sherman informed Lincoln that it was fairly won. This event helped Lincoln at the election.
  • Lincoln Won the Election

    Lincoln Won the Election
    President Lincoln won the Election of 1864 and entered his second term. He won 55 percent of the popular vote. He also won 212 out of 233 electoral votes.
  • March to the Sea

    March to the Sea
    Lincoln approved General Sherman to a march to the coast. Sherman was joined by 62,000 men. Sherman was quite confident is his abilities.
  • Battle at Nashville

    Battle at Nashville
    General Hood faced defeat against General Thomas. Hood's army consisted of 23,000 men and Thomas' army consisted of 55,000. This battle occurred at Nashville.
  • Savannah

    Savannah
    Sherman captured Savannah, Georgia from the Confederates. He led a 300 mile long path of destruction from Atlanta. He offered Savannah to Lincoln as a Christmas present.
  • Thirteenth Amendment Approved

    Thirteenth Amendment Approved
    Congress approved the Thirteenth Amendment. This amendment was created to abolish slavery. It then went on to the ratification process.
  • Peace Conference

    Peace Conference
    President Lincoln met Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens to discuss the war. The goal of the meeting was to establish peace. This meeting was a failure.
  • Inauguration Ceremonies

    Inauguration Ceremonies
    Ceremonies occurred for the Inauguration of President Lincoln. This was the second term for Lincoln. He believed in charity for all.
  • Appomattox Court House

    Appomattox Court House
    General Lee surrendered to General Grant at the Appomattox Court House. This was taken place in Virginia. This event represented a near end to the war.
  • Lincoln Shot

    Lincoln Shot
    President Lincoln was shot at Ford's Theater, He was shot by John Wilkes Booth. This occured at 10:13 P.M.
  • Lincoln is Dead

    Lincoln is Dead
    President Lincoln died at 7:22 A.M. He never regained consciousness. Andew Johnson took the reign as President.
  • Funeral Procession

    Funeral Procession
    A Funeral Procession occured on Pennsylvania Avenue. This was for the honor of President Lincoln. The country mourned and was gloomy.
  • John Wilkes Booth is Dead

    John Wilkes Booth is Dead
    The assassin of President Lincoln met death. He was killed in Virginia. The exact location was in a tobacco barn.
  • Oak Ridge Cemetery

    Oak Ridge Cemetery
    Abraham Lincoln was laid to rest in Oak Ridge Cemetery. This is located outside of Springfield, Illinois. This event marked the tragic death of an American hero,
  • Thirteenth Amendment Ratified

    Thirteenth Amendment Ratified
    The Thirteenth Amendment was passed on January 31, 1865 and ratified on December 6, 1865. Slavery was abolished. This marked a new era for the nation.
  • President Lincoln's Birthday

    President Lincoln's Birthday
    The first formal observation of President Lincoln's birthday is held in Washington, D. C.
  • Freedman's Bureau

    Freedman's Bureau
    New Freedman's Bureau bill passed by Congress.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    Civil Rights Act of 1866
    President Johnson vetos the Civil Rights Act of 1866 on the grounds that it was unconstitutional.
  • Connecticut

    Connecticut
    Connecticut approves the 14th Amendment.
  • New Hampshire

    New Hampshire
    New Hampshire ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Congress overrides Andrew Johnson's veto

    Congress overrides Andrew Johnson's veto
    Congress overrides Andrew Johnson's veto of the Freedman's Bureau bill.
  • Tennessee

    Tennessee
    Tennessee ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Oregon

    Oregon
    Oregon ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Texas

    Texas
    Texas rejects the 14th Amendment.
  • Vermont

    Vermont
    Vermont ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Ohio

    Ohio
    Ohio ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Kentucky

    Kentucky
    Kentucky rejects the 14th Amendment.
  • Virginia

    Virginia
    Virginia rejects the 14th Amendment
  • New York

    New York
    New York ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Kansas

    Kansas
    Kansas ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania
    Pennsylvania ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Illinois

    Illinois
    Illinois ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • West Virginia

    West Virginia
    West Virginia ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Maine

    Maine
    Maine ratifies the 14th Amendment.
  • Nevada

    Nevada
    Nevada ratifies the 14th Amendment.