The first African American stepped onto American soil as an indentured servant. According to Wikipedia, "The American slave population was made up of the various ethnic groups from western and central Africa, including the Bakongo, Igbo, Mandé, Wolof, Akan, Fon and Makua amongst others. Over time in most areas of the Americas, these different peoples did away with tribal differences and forged a new history and culture that was a creolization of their common pasts and present.
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The first Recorded African American Birth in the US
William Tucker, the son of indentured servants living in Jamestown, is the first recorded black birth in America.
25,000 slaves are in the American colonies.
The 1700 Count
About 60 percent of all African Americans in the colonies (16,390) live in Virginia.
North and South Carolina
The Province of Carolina is split into what is now North and South Carolina.
Pitt County is formed
Pitt County, NC is established from Beaufort. It is surrounded by Beaufort, Craven, Edgecombe, Greene, Lenior, Martin and Wilson counties.
The Pitt County courthouse is estableshed in Martinsboro.
Martinsboro's name is changed to Greenville.
NC officially becomes a state.
No imported slaves
The legal importation of enslaved Africans ends.
NC fobids literacy
General Assembly forbids African Americans to learn to read or write.
The total black population of the United States is 2,873,648—of which 386,293 are free and 2,487,355 are slaves. There are 1,440,660 women, of which 1,240,938 are slaves.
Harriet Tubman (1820 - 1913), born Araminta Ross escapes from slavery and becomes one of the most celebrated and effective leaders of the Underground Railroad. Harriet Tubman will guide hundreds of slaves to freedom before and during the war. She was never captured while rescuing slaves and as she was quoted she "never lost a passenger".
Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, a presidential order declaring the freedom of the slaves and makes the end of slavery a major goal of the Civil War. It was issued in two parts -the preliminary document on September 22, 1862 and the second on January 1st 1863.
The Freedmens Bureau established
Provided assistance to emancipated African Americans. Abolished in 1872.
NC prohibits slavery.
Southern states enact laws restricting rights of African Americans.
First African American state legislators are elected.
Kirk Holden War
The Kirk-Holden War was a struggle against the Ku Klux Klan in the state of North Carolina in 1870. The Klan was preventing recently freed slaves from exercising their right to vote by intimidating them. Governor William W. Holden hired Colonel George Washington Kirk, a former Union guerrilla leader, suspended the writ of habeas corpus, and imposed martial law in Caswell and Alamance counties to stop the Klan. (Wikipedia)
The Supreme Court decides in the Plessy Vs. Ferguson case that "separate but equal" satisfies the 14th amendment which gives legal sanction to "Jim Crow" segregation laws.
NC Mutual Life Insurance
North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, the first Black-owned insurance company, was established and assisted the Black community with helping itself build businesses, schools and homes.
America's entry into World War I generates huge demand in the north for factory labor. Pushed out of the South by racism, violence and brutal farming conditions, African Americans begin the Great Migration to northern cities. They find unskilled jobs in foundries and meatpacking plants or work as railroad porters or janitors.
Brown vs, Board of Education
In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, the Supreme Court rules unanimously against school segregation, overturning its 1896 decision in Plessy v. Ferguson.
Lunch Counter Protests
Four African American college students hold a sit-in to integrate a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., starting other protests mostly in the the South.
March on Washington
More than 200,000 people march on Washington, D.C., where Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., gives his "I Have a Dream" speech.
The Ultimate Barrier Broken
Barack Hussein Obama II is inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States.
The First Census
The first official United States census counts 697,624 slaves and 59,557 free blacks. More than half of all slaves live in Maryland, the District of Columbia and Virginia.