Rwandan Genocide

  • Germany colonizes Rwanda

    Germany colonizes Rwanda at Berlin Conference
  • Belgians assume control of Rwanda

  • The Belgians make a census that everyone be issued an identity card classifying them as either Tutsi, Hutu, or Twa.

  • The United Nations pass a resolution which says genocide and declares it a crime under international law.

  • A Hutu rebellion begins against the Tutsis and Belgians.

    A Hutu rebellion begins against the Tutsis and Belgians.
  • Tutsi monarchy is abolished

  • Rwanda gains independence

  • Juvénal Habyarimana takes control of Rwanda

  • RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) is formed

  • The RPF invade Rwanda

    starts a civil war
  • Arusha Accords

    Opens government positions to both Tutsi and the Hutsi.
  • Juvénal Habyarimana is killed

    He's shot out of the sky from his airplane.
  • Hutu extremists begin killing their political oponents

  • Massacre at Gikondo

    Hundreds of Tutsis are killed. It was the first hint that a genocide was occuring due to the target of only Tutsis.
  • Massacre at the Nyarubuye Roman Catholic Church

    Thousands of Tutsi die. First by grenades and guns then by machetes and clubs.
  • The Kibuye Massacres

    12,000 Tutsis are killed after sheltering at the Gatwaro stadium in Gitesi. Another 50,000 are killed in the hills of Bisesero then more are killed in the town's hospital and church.
  • About 250,000 Tutsi's flee to Tanzania

  • RPF take control of the presidential palace

  • French establish a safe zone in southwest Rwanda

  • Approximatey one million people, mostly Hutu, flee to Zaire

    Now called Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Rwanda Genocid ends

    RPF gains control of Rwanda