Japan captured Nanjing, China, in an extremely unpleasant massacre. Japan and China erupted into a full blown war, and Japan had been momentarily defended by China, before invading Nanjing. The Chinese troops had not been defending Nanjing, so it was an easy capture. Japan killed between 250,000 and 300,000 Chinese, some of which were women and children. 20,000 women were raped by the Japanese soldiers, and then killed. The Japanese, however, were pleased with the amount of damage they had done.