Rwanda Genocide

  • Rwanda becomes colony of German Empire

    Rwanda becomes colony of German Empire
    In early 1890, the Germans colonize much of central Africa. Germany did little to change the social statusees in much of the region, especially in Rwanda.
  • Belgians in Rawanda

    Belgians in Rawanda
    Throughout World War I Germany's colonies were continuously invaded by Allied forces around the globe, just like Rwanda. It continued even after the remainder of the war.
  • Belgium gives mandate

    Belgium gives mandate
    The League of Nations Council let Belgium a have rule over the Territory of Ruanda-Urundi. Belgium was officially supposed to administer the country while respecting freedom of religion, prohibiting slavery and pledging not to establish any military bases in the territory.
  • Racial Identification

    Racial Identification
    The Belgiums are influenced by the idea of Social Darwism and inact the ide that Tusti are superior to the Hutu. So they administer Ethnic cards.
  • UN establishes itself

    UN establishes itself
    The United Nations replaced the failed League of Nations as the Peace keeping International Group.
  • Rwanda becomes Territory

    Rwanda becomes Territory
    Rwanda is promised that they would be prepared for freedom while still under the rule of the Belgians.
  • Bahuta Manifesto

    This was drafted by the Rwandan Hutu intellectuals that stated the overall unification of the Hutu people as a equal party but with the major exclusion of the Tutsi.
  • Hutu Revolution

    After much struggle. The Hutu begin their revolution to go against the Tutsi. The hutu are able to over throw the Tutsi political leaders.
  • Republic

    Rwanda is finally named a Republic.
  • Burundi Genocide

    In response to a Hutu rebellion that killed 12,000 Tutsi, the Burundi government made revenge killings on the Hutu population, killing over a 100,000 Hutu. Tens of thousands of Hutu civilians fled the country. This massacre made further radicalization of the Hutu population in Rwanda.
  • Overthow

    Kaiyabanda is overthrown and Maj. Gen. Juvénal Habyarimana, a moderate Hutu who was commander of the national guard rises to power.
  • Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

    The Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide convention is taken up by the UN general Assembly after seeing the level of death that the Holocaust had.
  • RPF

    Exiled Tutsis, with newly-found military experience from participation in border skirmishes, formed the Rwandan Patriotic Front.
  • Invasion

    The RPF invade in hopes of regaining equalization.
  • Treaty

    The President Juvenal Habyarimana signs a cease fire treaty.
  • Period: to

    Cease Fire Comes into Effect

    It ends after an RPF assault occurs.
  • Assault

    An RPF assault occurs and stops cease Fire Treaty.
    People are hurt.
  • Arusha Accord

    It is created and signed. by the President Juvenal Habyarimana, but does little to end fighting.
  • Period: to


    Many Tutsi died
  • Plane Crash

    Plane Crash
    Rwandan leader President Juvenal Habyarimana dies, Tutsi are blamed.
  • Start

    The Interahamwe (Hutu extremists) and armed forces began to kill moderate leaders and Tutsis. The UN tried to protect the Prime Minister, Madame Agathe Uwiligiyimana. They had to surrender their weapons at gunpoint to the extremists and allow them to kill the Prime Minister. Ten Belgium soldiers were taken hostage and killed.
  • Period: to

    Finding Refugee

    Refugee camps start to fall apart and are under the control of Hutu milita.
  • UN officers

    UN officers
    Belgium pulls out their officers after ten are killed.
  • Second week of Genocide

    Second week of Genocide
    After only two weeks more than 100 thousand are dead.
  • UN peacemakers

    UN peacemakers
    The UN authorizes the nations to send out peacemakers. However, no one does anything because it is'nt in anyones best interest.
  • Fighting Stops

    Fighting Stops
    After Rwandan rebel commander claims victory on the Hutu goverment.
  • Period: to

    The installmenst of the "Enlarged transitional Goverment"

    People claim its bassed off of the Arusha Accord.
  • International Tribunal

    UN-appointed international tribunal begins charging and sentencing a number of people responsible for the Hutu-Tutsi atrocities.
  • UN admit fail

    In 2000, the UN explicitly declared its reaction to Rwanda a "failure".