Road to the Second World War

  • Roosevelt restate he intended to isolste from war

    Roosevelt restate he intended to isolste from war
    The USA president said they were going to shun political commitments wich might entangle them in foreign wars and seek to isolate themselves from war.
  • Period: to

    The road to World War II

  • Hitler ordered German troops to march into the Rhineland

    Hitler ordered German troops to march into the Rhineland
    Hitler took risks in moving into the Rhineland since the German army wasn´t ready for war, and they didn´t know how the French would react.
  • Chamberlain talked to the Soviet ambassador to London

    Chamberlain talked to the Soviet ambassador to London
    He said: "If we could only sit down at a table with the Germans and run through all their complaints and claims. That would greatly reduce the tension." Here we can see Chamberlain´s personality and the reason of his apeasement policy.
  • Stalin destroyed almost his entire military leadership

    Stalin destroyed almost his entire military leadership
    35000 leading officers were executed, including nearly all his top military experts. Of the 80 members of the Supreme Military Couincil, 75 were executed.
  • The USA kept his policy of isolation

    The USA kept his policy of isolation
    The USA only spent 1.5 per cent of it´s national income in defence, while Germany was spending 23.5 per cent.
    The country was called "sleeping giant" and he was in no position to fight since his small standing army was insufficient.
  • Maxim Litvinov was trying to build links with Britain and Frsnce

    Maxim Litvinov was trying to build links with Britain and Frsnce
    The Soviet Foreign Minister supported the idea of collective security. He believed that by standing together, the countries of Europe could stop German agression.
  • Austria was in a state of crisis

    Austria was in a state of crisis
    Crisis was caused by the local Nazis, wich were making life difficult for the government of Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg,even dough they acted by themselves most times and noy by Hitler´s command.
    It was discovered by the Austrian authorities that they were planning to create chaos by killing the German embassador. They expected the German government to take over Austria.
  • Schuschnigg visited Hitler for crisis talks in Germany

    Schuschnigg visited Hitler for crisis talks in Germany
    Schuschnigg was mistreated by Hitler, who demanded more power for the Nazis in Austria and threaten him to attack if not.
  • Schuschnigg announced the plebiscite

    Schuschnigg announced the plebiscite
    It was his last desperate attenpt to keep his country independent. He fixed the lowest age of voting at 24 years old so that young Nzis wouldn´t be allowed to vote.
  • The German army invaded Austria

    The German army invaded Austria
    Hitler feared Schischnigg would win the plebiscite so he ordered the army to invade before them. The enemies of the Nazis were arrested, around 76000 people in Vienna alone. The unification og Germany and Austria was called the "Anchluss".
  • Schuschnigg made a radio broadcast

    Schuschnigg made a radio broadcast
    He announced the Austrian government had decided to yield to force and that they have ordered their army to offer no resistance if the invasion was carried out.
  • Hitler crossed into Austria

    Hitler crossed into Austria
    Hitler went to his home town of Linz and was greeted by cheering crowds.
  • Hitler met Henlein

    Hitler met Henlein
    Henlein was the Sudeten German´s Nazi leader, he led a political party that received money from Hitler.
    Hitler met him to give him instructions. He told him to keep making demands that the Czechoslovak government could never accept. He hoped to create a crisis.
  • Appeasement

    Appeasement
    A policy was signed in order to pospone war and satisfy Hitler's demands and wishes.
  • A new Prime Minister in France, Daladier

    A new Prime Minister in France, Daladier
    Daladier was not keen on the idea of going to war with Germany over Czechoslovakia, since France had signed a treaty in 1925 saying they would offer military help if it was attacked by germany.
  • Hitler visited Rome

    Hitler visited Rome
    He visited Mussolini and was told Italy would support Germany,
  • Hitler decided to attack Czechoslovakia in the near future

    Hitler decided to attack Czechoslovakia in the near future
    He told his generals he had decided to ´smash Czechoslovakia by military action in the near future¨.
  • Litvinov reflected over the crisis of Czechoslovakia

    Litvinov reflected over the crisis of Czechoslovakia
    The Soviet Foreign Minister said the entire diplomacy of the Western powers had done nothing but agree to every demand Germany made for fear or it´s disapproval. He made himself clearly the Sovier government would take no responsability for future developments.
  • Lord Runciman was sent to Czechoslovakia

    Lord Runciman was sent to Czechoslovakia
    The British government sent this politician to try to work out a settlement between the two sides. He was biased in favor of the Sudeten Germans and recommended the British that the Sudetenland should be separated from Czechoslovakia.
  • Henlein order to attack

    Henlein order to attack
    He ordered local Nazis to attack Czech and Jewish targets. Accordingly, negatiations between the Sudeten Germans and Prague were brocken off.
  • Chamberlain was told about South African and Australian governments´ neutrality

    Chamberlain was told about South African and Australian governments´ neutrality
    Both countries decided not to give any military support if the war broke out.
  • Henlein left Czechoslovakia

    Henlein left Czechoslovakia
  • Chamberlain met Hitler in Germany

    Chamberlain met Hitler in Germany
    Hitler complained about the treatment of the Sudeten Germans and Chamberlain gave in. He agreed the Sudetenland should be annexed by Germany but without using force to take control.
    Chamberlain got Cabinet support for a peaceful German take-over.
  • The French leaders went to London

    The French leaders went to London
    Daladier and Bonnet agreed to support the partition of Czechoslovakia in return of a British promise to defend what was left of Czechoslovakia state.
  • Benes was told he must hand over the Sudetenland

    Benes was told he must hand over the Sudetenland
    The Czech president was extremely unhappy about it and he refused to co-operate at first.
  • Benes agreed to the take-over

    Benes agreed to the take-over
    He realised he was powerless without Allied support so he decided to agree.
  • Chamberlain went to see Hitler at Bad Godesberg

    Chamberlain went to see Hitler at Bad Godesberg
    Chamberlain went with news that Britain, France and Czechoslovakia had agreed to his proposals. But Hitler didn´t want a peaceful settlement, he wanted to ´smash´Czechoslovakia by force. So he refused to accept Chamberlain´s deal and made new demands.
  • South African parliament voted in favor of neutrality if war boke out between Britain and Germany

    South African parliament voted in favor of neutrality if war boke out between Britain and Germany
  • Sir Horace Wilson was sent to negotiate with Hitler

    Sir Horace Wilson was sent to negotiate with Hitler
    Hitler was determined to smash Czechoslovakia and no negotiation was possible. The British government was already prepared for a war.
  • Hitler agreed to a conference in Munich with representatives of Britain, France and Italy

    Hitler agreed to a conference in Munich with representatives of Britain, France and Italy
    The conference would try to find a peaceful solution to the crisis over Czechoslovakia.
  • The Munich Conference began

    The Munich Conference began
    Britain and France agreed to give Hitler what he wanted.
  • German troops march int the Sudetenland

    German troops march int the Sudetenland
    Sudeten Germans greet German invasion and Benes was forced into exile.
  • Stalin gave a speech

    Stalin gave a speech
    He talked about Britain and France rejecting the policy of collective security and going for the non-internention and neutrality ones. He said they were ¨encouraging the Germans to march east¨:
  • Germany invaded what was left of Czechoslovakia

    Germany invaded what was left of Czechoslovakia
    He invaded Czechoslovakia and Britain and France did took no action, wich encouraged him to go for Poland. German troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; On 16 March was established Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
  • The British government stated they would stand by Poland in case of war

    The British politicians realised Hitler needed to be stopped, since he might be going to be a threat for the existence of the British Empire. So did the French government, but Hitler didn´t pay attention to them.
  • Ribbentrop was sure no one would go to war soon

    Ribbentrop was sure no one would go to war soon
    The German Foreign minister expressed his view by saying it was certain that within a few months neither France or Britain would go to war over Poland.
  • British, French and Soviet military leaders met for talks in Leningrad

    British, French and Soviet military leaders met for talks in Leningrad
    The Soviet delegates request of them ensuring the right of a passage through Polish and Romanian territories was denied. The talks soon ended in failure.
  • Hitler sent a personal letter to Stalin

    He offered Stalin high level talks in Moscow. Stalin repplied it accepting his offer the following day.
  • The Nazi-Soviet Pact

    The Nazi-Soviet Pact
    Even dough Hitler was Stalin´s deadly enemy, the Soviet leader wanted to make sure that the USSR was on the winning side in any war among capitalist countries so that they did not unite to fight against him.
    The Soviet Union was offered control vast areas of territory such as Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • Germany invaded Poland: Start of World War II

    Germany invaded Poland: Start of World War II