The treaty of versailles formally ended world war 1. This treaty required that Germany pay financial reparations and give up all of its overseas colonies.
Mussolini becomes fascist leader of Italy
Benito Mussolini was an Italian nationalist and the founder of Italian Fascism. He ruled in Italy as Prime Minister for some time as well. From 1925-1943 as Duce, the Fascism dictator.
Mein Kampf is Published
Hitlers book was published and he wrote it in prison where he was serving for a failed coup he attempted in 1923. He wrote about how he presented himself as the leader of the extreme right.
Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel
Germany and Italy expanded their political alliances into one Alliance. The agreement provided for military cooperation and mutual defensive support between the two.
Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
Hitler was following a series of electoral victories by the Nazi party. He ruled until his suicide in 1945. Hitler smashed the nation's democratic institutions and transformed Germany into war state.
"Knight of the long knives"
The Knight of the long knives was a turning point for Germany. It established Hitler as the supreme administer of justice of the German people.
Italy Invades Ethiopia
Ethiopia was invaded by Italy under Benito Mussolini. They committed countless atrocities on the independent African state, poisonous gas, aerial bombardment, and flame throwers.
Japan invades China
Conflict in Asia began before the official start of World War 2. Seeking raw materials to fuel its growing industries, so Japan invaded China and by 1937 Japan controlled big parts of China.
Japanese Rape of Nanjing
Japanese troops killed remnant of Chinese soldiers in violation of the laws of war, murdered Chinese civilians, raped Chinese women, and destroyed/stole Chinese property.
Germany invades Poland, beginning of World War 2
Germany started the attack in the morning of September 1939 with an advanced force consisting of more than 2,000 tanks.
Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact
An agreement concluded by Germany, Italy, and Japan one year after the start of world war 2. It created an alliance between the countries and was largely intended to deter the U.S. from entering conflict.