Revolutionary War

  • A turning point; Early 1776

    A turning point; Early 1776
    The French had sent weapons to the Patriots. The French agreed to support the Revolution
  • The war moves to the middle states

    The British retreated from Boston, moving the theater of war to the middle states. As the British planned to stop the rebellion by isolating New England, they decided to seize New York City instead.
  • summer of 1776

    summer of 1776
    General William Howe and Admiral Richard Howe joined forces on Staten Islands and sailed into New York HArbor with the largest expeditionary force ever assembled with 32,000 soldiers, which included thousands of German mercenaries and soldiers who fight solely for money.
  • Defeat in New York

    The battle for New York ended in late August with heavy loss. Washington rallied 23,000 men to New York's defense, but most of his troops were untrained with poor equiptment.
  • By Late Fall

    By Late Fall
    The British pushed Washington's Army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania, although the majority of of Washington's men had been either deserted, killed, or captured. Washington's enlistment were due to end on December 31st and he had Less than 8,000 men remaining under his command. Washington desperately needed some kind of victory for his men to keep them from going home.
  • The Battle of Trenton

    The Battle of Trenton
    Christmas day1776; Battle of Trenton
    During a fierce storm, Washington led 2,400 men in small rowboats across the ice- choked Delaware River to resolve everything in one bold stroke.
  • The Battle of Trenton Continues

    The Battle of Trenton Continues
    Washington's men marched 9 miles through sleet and snow to reach their destination- Trenton, in which it was held by a garrison of Hessians. The Hessians were were still slept off after drinking so much rum that christmas night, The Americans killed 30 of the enemies, and took 918 captives along with 6 Hessian cannons.
  • 8 Days after the Battle of Trenton

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  • The Fight for Philadelphia

    The Fight for Philadelphia
    General Howe wanted to gain control of Philadelphia, which was then the seat of the Second Continental Congress, meanwhile Washington prepared defenses against Howe's movements at Brandywine Creek, As the British won the fight, they captured Phiadelphia.
  • Victory of Saratoga

    Victory of Saratoga
    Massed American troops finally surrounded Burgoyne at Saratoga where he surrendered his battered army to General Gates . From that time one British kept their troops around the coast
  • Period: to

    During the Winter

    Albigense Waldo, a surgeon at Valley Forge, served as the site of the continental army's camp.
  • Early British Success in the South

    Early British Success in the South
    The British expedition easily took Savanna, Georgia.
  • A turning point

    A turning point
    The French recognized American independence and signed an alliance, or treaty of cooperation with the Americans.
  • European Alies shift the balance

    European Alies shift the balance
    American troops began a transformation. Friedrich Von Steuben volunteered his service to General Washington and went to work to make regular soldiers out of bumpkins.
  • The British Moves South

    The British changed their military strategy and began to shift their opperations to the south.
  • Lafayette and the French

    Lafayette joined Washington's staff and bore the misery of Valley Forge, lobbied for French reinforcements
  • Early British Success in the South

    Early British Success in the South
    A royal governor commanded Georgia.
  • Early British Success in the South

    Early British Success in the South
    General Henry Clinton sailed south with 8,500 men
  • The British Surrender at Yorktown

    The British Surrender at Yorktown
    The French army of 6,000 had landed in Newport, Rhode Island, after the British left the city to focus on the south.
  • Period: to

    Early British Success in the South

    Cornwallis succeeded. As the red coats advanced, they were joined by thousands of African Americans who had escaped from Patriot slave owners to join the British and win their freedom.
  • Early British Success in the South

    Early British Success in the South
    British captured Charles Town, South Carolina and marched 5,500 American soldiers off as prisoners of war
  • Early British Success in the South

    Early British Success in the South
    Cornwallisi's army smashed American forces in Camdan, South Carolina and within 3 months the British had established forts across the states.
  • Financing the War

    Financing the War
    Congress appointed a rich Philapelphia merchant named Robert Morris as superintendent of finance.
  • British losses in 1781

    British losses in 1781
    Morgan and his men led British on a grueling chase through rough country side when the forces met at Cowpens, South Carolina. The continental army faught back and forced the Red coats to surrender.
  • 2 months later

    Angered by the defeat of Cowpens, Cornwallis attacked Greens 2 months later at Guilford Court House, North Carolina. Cornwallis won the battle, ut his victory cost him nearly a fourth of his troops- 93 were killed, over 400 wounded, and 26 missing.
  • British looses in 1781

    British looses in 1781
    Greene had weakend the British, but he worried for the fight of the south.
  • Financing the War

    Financing the War
    Due to the effort of Morris and Salomon, the troops were finally paid in gold coin.
  • Victory at Yorktown

    Victory at Yorktown
    With Cornwallis troops outnumbered by more than 2 to one and exhausted from constant shelling, Cornwallis finally raised the white flag to surrender.
  • Winning the War

    Winning the War
    Colonel William Fontaine of the Virginia militia stod with the American and French armies lining a rode near Yorktown, Virginia to witness the formal British surrender.
  • Victory at Yorktown

    Washington, the French Generals, and their troops assembled to accept the Bitish surrender.
  • Seeking Peace in Paris

    Seeking Peace in Paris
    Representatives in the United States, Great Britain, France, and Spain joined the negotiations with each nation looking out for its own interest.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The delegates signed the Treaty of Paris which confirmed US independence and set the boundaries of the new nation. The United States now stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River,and from Canada to the Florida border.