American history

American History 1

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Credited with "discovering America". This first contact with North America and Native Americans led to the "Columbian Exchange"
  • 1519

    Hernando Cortes

    Hernando Cortes
    Claimed new colonies for Spain and conquered the Aztec Empire.
  • 1532

    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco Pizarro
    Claimed new colonies for Spain and conquered the Inca Empire in Peru.
  • 1539

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    Assisted Pizarro with the conquest of the Inca and the first to discover and cross the Mississippi River.
  • Period: 1565 to


    Conquered the Native Americans and established New Spain
  • Period: to


    Founded on Roanoke Island off the coast of NC and was the first attempt at an English settlement.
  • Jamestown, Virginia

    The 1st successful English settlement that was founded by the Virginia company that was primarily settled to make money.
  • France

    Only Catholics were allowed in the new territory, became fur traders, and they had no self government.
  • Dutch Republic

    Included New York City, Albany, Long Island, and New Jersey. They offered huge land tracts called patroon ships which was obtained by bringing 50 tenants to the colony.
  • Roger Williams

    Banished from Massachusetts and left and established Providence, Rhode Island on land he bought from Native Americans
  • Anne Hutchison

    Held private prayer meetings and challenged the authority of Puritan ministers and leaders and was brought up on heresy charges.
  • Period: to

    King Phillips War

    Indians were defeated and marked the end to Indian resistance in New England
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains and put the territory under British military control.
  • Boston Massacre

    A clash between British troops and townspeople in Boston
  • Lexington and Concord

    British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in the town of Concord
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    The British defeated the Americans in Massachusetts.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Written by Thomas Jefferson it listed all the grievances against the crown and explained why they were declaring independence.
  • Battle of Brooklyn Heights

    Americans suffered 1,000 casualties to the British loss of only 400 men during the fighting
  • Battle of Trenton

    The battle was fought between the Americans against the Hessians and British troops after the Americans lost the battle in New York and were forced to retreat through New Jersey. American Victory.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    British General John Burgoyne achieved a small, but costly victory over American forces led by Horatio Gates and Benedict
  • Battle of Brandywine

    The British defeated the Americans and forced them to withdraw toward the rebel capital of Philadelphia
  • Period: to

    Winter at Valley Forge

    Continental Army struggled through the harsh winter – frostbite, exposure
  • Battle of Camden

    British forces under General Charles Cornwallis routed American troops under General Horatio Gates at the Battle of Camden in South Carolina.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army led by General George Washington and French army troops over a British Army commanded by British lord and Lieutenant General Cornwallis.
  • Battle of Cowpens

    American troops under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan routed British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton.
  • Treaty of Paris

    americans won the war
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    congress sold land to make money
  • Northwest Ordinance of 1787

    created guidelines for states to be admitted
  • Cotton Gin

    cleaned the seeds out of cotton
  • Jays Treaty

    British began stopping US ships bound for France and impressing seamen (taking US sailors captive and forcing them to serve the British)
  • Pinckneys Treaty

    Spain afraid of alliance between Great Britain and the US
  • Election of 1796

    Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) v. John Adams (Federalist)
  • Interchangeable Parts

    basis for industrial development in the US
  • Convention of 1800

    Meeting between United States and France over the Quasi-Wars - conflict in the Caribbean over shipping and trade
  • Embargo Act of 1807

    British impressments of US sailors continued, in spite of Jay’s Treaty
  • Steam Powered Boat

    decreased travel times
  • War of 1812

  • Panic of 1819

    US faced widespread economic problems
  • Election of 1824

    Corrupt Bargain
  • Erie Canal

    increase in trade, decrease in shipping rates and shipping times
  • Election of 1828

    Andrew Jackson elected as president
  • Indian Removal Act

    authorized the removal of native americans from the se united states
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    caused the south to strengthen slave codes
  • Election of 1832

    Jackson won re-election
  • Worcester V. Georgia

    court ruled that cherokee had a right to remain on their land and could not be forcibly removed
  • The Whig Party

    national republicans changed their name to the whig party
  • Mechanical Reaper

    made harvesting wheat easier
  • Trail of Tears

    troops sent to round up cherokee and move them to oklahoma
  • Steel Plow

    allowed farmers to plow and grow crops in areas out west that land was too dry or too hard
  • The National Railroad

    stretched 800 miles west
  • Telegraph

    device that sends messages using electricity through wires
  • Election of 1844

    James Polk elected
  • Oregon

  • Period: to

    Mexican War

    Mexico upsets over US annexation of Texas
  • Mexican Cession

    mexico gave up new mexico and california territories to the US in exchange for payment
  • California Gold Rush

  • Compromise of 1850

    With the acquisition of the Mexican territory, the extension of slavery once again becomes an issue
  • Gasden Purchase

    land purchased to run a transcontinental railroad
  • Know Nothing Party

    wanted to rid the county of immigrants and alcohol
  • Election of 1860

    lincoln wins election
  • Succesion

    south carolina was the first state to succeed
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    first battle between the union and confederate army
  • Ft. Sumter

    Union soldiers had one month of supplies remaining at Ft. Sumter, SC
  • Period: to

    Civil War

  • Homestead Act

    anyone who would agree to cultivate 160 acres of land for 5 years would receive title to that land from the federal government
  • Morril Land Grant Act

    states used money from sale of land to finance agricultural colleges
  • Antietam

    bloodiest single day of the war
  • Vicksburg

    Union wanted control over the mississippi river
  • Fredricksburg

    confederate victory
  • Chancellorsville

    confederate victory
  • Gettysburg

    lee invades the north
  • Shermans March to the Sea

    destroyed bridges, factories, railroad lines
  • Appomattox

    lee surrenders
  • Oklahoma Land Rush

    people given land in oklahoma to encourage settlement