• Period: 1453 to


    Is a historical period that arose in Italy in the 14th century and spread throughout Europe during the 16th century.
    It is characterised by a theocentric view of the world.
  • Period: 1455 to 1510

    Birth of Venus

    It was painted by the Florentine painter Sandro Botticelli at the end of the 15th century using the tempera technique.
  • Period: 1474 to 1504

    Reign of Isabella the Catholic

    On the death of Henry IV, Isabella proclaimed herself Queen of Castile. Her reign was marked by the discovery of America and the conquest of Granada.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    The discovery of America

    The discovery of America
    Historical event of 12 October 1492, with the arrival in America of an expedition captained by Christopher Columbus by order of the Catholic Monarchs, Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon.
  • 1524

    German Peasants' War

    German Peasants' War
    Also called the revolution of the common man.
    Was an uprising or revolt of the peasants in the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Period: Nov 25, 1562 to

    Lope de Vega

    Lope de Vega is one of the most important writers in the history of Spanish literature and the Golden Age.
    He was born in Madrid on 25 November 1562 and died on 27 August 1635. His most important work is ''Fuenteovejuna''.
  • Period: 1567 to

    Claudio Monteverdi

    He is a crucial figure in the transition between Renaissance and Baroque music. Born in Cremona, where he made his first musical studies and compositions, he began his musical studies with Marco Antonio Ingegnieri.
  • Creation of the chorale

    Creation of the chorale
    Music form based on songs with lyrics in German that
    were sung at the religious service. The chorale became the most characteristic form
    of vocal music in Protestant rituals.
  • Period: to


    The Baroque is a period of artistic style that started around 1600 in Rome , Italy, and spread throughout the majority of Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. The end of the Baroque is due to the death of Johann Sebastian Bach.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    The Thirty Years' War was a war in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648. It began as a religious confrontation between Protestants and Catholics in Central Europe. But it ended up becoming a global confrontation where the sides were shaped by political interests. This war came to an end with the Peace of Westphalia and the Peace of the Pyrenees, and involved rivalry between France and the Habsburg territories.
  • Period: to

    Issac Newton

    He was an English physicist, theologian, inventor and mathematician, the most important scientist in the history of mankind. He has given us important discoveries in science such as the law of universal gravitation. The laws enunciated by Newton, and considered to be the most important laws of classical mechanics, there are three.
  • Las meninas

    Las meninas
    It is a work by Diego Velázquez.
    ''Las Meninas'' is a work that represents the Baroque world of the time and the importance of the Infanta Margarita in the succession to the crown.
    This painting is in the Prado Museum.
    ''Las Meninas" was not always called like this. Velázquez entitled it "The Family of Philip IV" and the painting was not given its present name until 1843, when art experts realised that the work was much more than a portrait of the royal family.
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, known as Antonio Vivaldi, was a Baroque composer and violinist.
    His influence during his lifetime spread throughout Europe.
    His best known composition is ''Las cuatro estaciones'', a group of four concertos for violin and orchestra each dedicated to a season: Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter, they were published around 1721.
  • Death of Carlos II

    Death of Carlos II
    King Carlos II, the last Spanish monarch of the House of Habsburg, died at the age of 39. His death without direct succession put an end to the Spanish Habsburg dynasty, initiated in 1516 by his great-great-grandfather Charles V, grandson of the Catholic Monarchs, giving rise to the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • Period: to


    Is a cultural, aesthetic and intellectual movement, which took place in the Modern Age in the West and which consisted of the desire to recover or return to the philosophical and artistic patterns of classical antiquity.
  • Period: to

    Joseph Haydn

    Franz Joseph Haydn was born in the town of Rohrau and died in the Viennese suburb of Gumpendorf on May 31, 1809. He was a virtuoso musician, a composer of great magnitude considered one of the greatest representatives of Classicism and the Father of the modern Symphony.
  • The Oath of the Horations

    The Oath of the Horations
    The Oath of the Horations is a work by Jacques-Louis David painted in 1784, before the French Revolution. The painting is in the Musée du Louvre. It is considered the paradigm of neoclassical painting.
  • Sonata

    Consisted of four movements, alternating between fast and slow tempos. It was written for one, two or three instruments.
  • Death of Johann Sebastian Bach

    Death of Johann Sebastian Bach
    At the age of 63, Bach died in Germany. His only apparent health problem was the presence of visual difficulties.
  • Period: to

    Ludwig van Beethoven

    Was a German composer, conductor, pianist and piano teacher. Also one of the world's best known and most important musicians in history. He composed nine symphonies during his musical career. These include the Third Symphony, also known in Spanish as the Heroica. He was a musician despite being deaf; at the age of 20 he was already deaf. His last great work, the Ninth Symphony, was premiered by him totally deaf.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte's coup

    Napoleon Bonaparte's coup
    On 10 November 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte staged an 18th Brumaire coup that ended the Directory, the last form of government of the French Revolution, and became the First Consul.
  • Period: to

    Spanish War of Independence

    In 1808, the crisis of the Spanish monarchy began with the Mutiny of Aranjuez, the French invasion of Spanish territory, which led to the imposition. Charles IV was forced to abdicate in favour of his son Ferdinand VII. These events forced Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, to act as judge of the succession. Napoleon was forced to resign, leaving the royal seat in the hands of his brother Joseph Bonaparte.
  • Period: to

    Charles Dickens

    Charles John Huffam Dickens was an English writer. He created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is considered by many to be the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. One of his most important novels he wrote was ''A Christmas Carol''.

    It’s related to the artistic and philosophical movement of the same name that occurred between
    the end of the 18th century and the middle of the 19th century. The Romantic period
    defended individuality, subjectivity and creative freedom.
  • The creation of photography

    The creation of photography
    The first photographic process was invented by Niépce around 1824. The images were obtained with bitumen of Judea, spread on a silver plate, after an exposure time of several days.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Alfonso XII

    Alfonso XII of Spain, nicknamed "the Peacemaker", was King of Spain from 1874 to 1885. General Berenguer's dictatorship was unable to prevent the growth of the republican option, which led to the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic, and Alfonso XIII was forced to go into exile.
  • Death of Van Gogh

    Death of Van Gogh
    Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch painter, one of the leading exponents of Post-Impressionism. Van Gogh, after an argument with Paul Gauguin, on the night of 23 December 1888, took a razor and cut off part of his left ear. He then wrapped the piece of ear in a newspaper and gave it to a prostitute named Rachel.
  • The nutcracker

    The nutcracker
    It is structured in two acts and is about a girl who befriends a nutcracker that comes to life on Christmas Eve and wages a battle against the evil Mouse King

    This period ended in 1910