Post-Soviet Library Network Development: Afghanistan, Russia, and Ukraine

Timeline created by Maxwell.Vore
In History
  • Fall of the Soviet Union

    The fall of the Soviet Union fractured the government juggernaut and its services. Institutions such as the former Ministry of Culture had to reorganize the hierarchy of their organization and scale it to the national level.
  • Establishment of the Russian National Library

    Formerly the Saltykov-Shchedrin State Public Library in St. Petersburg, it became the Russian National Library (RNB) on March 27th,1992 and it functions as the leading researching and methodology library in the domestic network of Russian libraires, acting as the leading library
  • Establishment of the Russian State Library

    The USSR State V. I. Lenin Library was reorganized in accordance with the new Russian state library regulations approved by the government of the Federation and gained its status as an all-Russian State Library (RGB) on August 2nd, 1993.
  • Foundation of the Russian Library Association

    The organization was founded in order to contribute to the development and implementation of federal and regional library policies and professional programs, to assist in the social protection of libraries, to enhance the status of libraries in communities,
    and to organize multilateral professional contacts and to assist in the professional development and training of all levels of library staff
  • Foundation of the Ukrainian Library Association

    ULA promotes the formation of societal understanding in the library's role as a factor of democracy development, civil society, science, culture, continuous education of the population, their information and technological enlightenment, and the center of culture and information.
  • Ukrainian Law on Libraries and Leadership

    According to this Law libraries are divided according to:
    their significance (territorial belonging);
    content (universal, branch, inter-branch);
    specialization (public, special, specialized).
    This law declared that funding for libraries excluding the national library and its affiliates are to be administered by state and local governments.
  • Ukrainian Manifesto on the Democratization of Libraries

    The document enforced the democratic origins of a library that should be secured by the nation through proper funding, implementing new technologies, encouraging sponsorship, international co-operation between libraries, and securing conditions for training library personnel.
  • Establishment of the Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine

    The national library consists of approximately 15 million items, making it the largest library in the Ukraine. It was initially founded in 1918 but not modernized until the end of the Soviet period.
  • Ukrainian Code of Ethics of a Librarian

    At a ULA conference, the organization published the national Code of Librarian Ethics which reflected the democratization of the society, emphasizing the librarian’s role as an unbiased “middle man” whose most important task is to provide patrons with a diversity of unbiased information sources.
  • Electronic Libraries Program

    Various programs beginning specifically with the Electronic Libraries Initiative have shifted the main focus of library efforts to the digital world.
  • Establishment of EIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries) program

    In Ukraine, EIFL has supported national and institutional open access awareness raising and advocacy workshops which resulted in the launch of open access journals, open access repositories and open access policies. EIFL also advocated for revisions to the national copyright law to enable libraries to better meet the needs of their end users. This organization supports 60 Ukrainian libraries
  • Establishment of the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit Library

    The Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) is an independent research institute based in Kabul that was established in 2002 by the assistance of the international community in Afghanistan. AREU’s mission is to inform and influence policy and practice by conducting high-quality, policy-relevant, evidence-based research and actively disseminating the results and promote a culture of research and learning.
  • Establishment of the Afghanistan Center at Kabul University

    The Afghanistan Centre at Kabul University is the premier research institution and archive on Afghanistan in the region, with the most extensive collection of primary resources available in print and digital formats. The mission of ACKU is to promote literacy, facilitate scholarly work, and provide academic research training through its archive, digital library, and outreach and research programs
  • Establishment of the B.N. Yeltsin Presidential Library

    The library has operated as the national electronic library of the country and also provides a physical footprint for those without internet access
  • Period: to

    The Maintenance of the Kabul Public Library

    The Kabul Public Library, is the only state-sponsored library in the country, serving as the de-facto national library. It lacks a financial department and the national government does not fund its improvement, requiring improvements in its current state to come from donors and publishers. It’s further disorganization can be seen in the state of the interior. The way that the library organizes books is through a card catalogue system that is in dire need of maintenance.