Period: 226 to Feb 5, 641
Sasanid Dynasty-Sought to rebuild Achaemid Empire
-Was a principal threat to the Roman Empire
Period: 330 to Feb 5, 1453
Byzantine Empire-Part of the Roman Empire
-Liked to expand borders
Period: Feb 5, 661 to Feb 5, 750
Umayyad Dynasty-Arabic was the offical language
-Used gold and silver coins
-Capital Damscus, Syria
Period: Feb 11, 670 to Feb 11, 1025
Kingdom of Srivijaya-They built a powerful navy and controlled commerce in southeast Asian waters
-Maintained an all-sea trade route between China and India eliminating the need for the portage of trade goods across the Isthumus of Kra
Period: May 8, 732 to
Carolingiaan Empire-Founder was Charles Martel ("Charles the Hammer")
-A germanic Dynasty that was named after the most famous leader Charlemagne
Period: Feb 5, 740 to Feb 5, 1258
Abbasid Dynasty-Toppled the Umayyad Dynasty
-Played large role in government
Period: Feb 6, 1100 to Feb 6, 1300
Kingdom of Ghana-Had the most important commercial site in West Africa center for gold trade.
-A regional state.
-Merchants from Ghana also provided ivory and slaves for traders from North Africa
Period: Feb 6, 1100 to Feb 6, 1500
- they built a city out of coral. -the Swahili dominated the east African coast from Mogaadishu in the north to Kilwa, the Comoro Islands and th e Sofala in the south.
Period: Feb 6, 1200 to Feb 6, 1500
Zimbabwe Kingdom-Best known kingdom
-arised near Nyanda in the modern state of Zimbabwe
- they built stone walls that were 5 meters thick and 10 meters tall.
Period: Feb 6, 1206 to Feb 6, 1526
Delhi Sultanate-Most powerful state in the Islamic world
-They introduced Monetary
Period: Feb 6, 1300 to Feb 6, 1500
Mali-Controled trade for West Africa.
-Mansa Musa observed Islamic traditions by making his pilgrimages to Mecca
Period: Feb 9, 1300 to Feb 9, 1469
The Mexica-About 1345 the Mexica Settled on an island in a marshy region of Lake Texecoro and founded the city that whould become their capital--Tenochtitlan.
-Chinampas were very fertile land and very productive that they are able to harvest seven crops per year from their gardens.
Period: Feb 6, 1400 to Feb 6, 1500
Kongo-Had a central goverment.
-Six provencenses administered by Governors
Sui Dynasty-Emperors of the dynasty, placed big demands on their subjects in the course of building a strong centralized government.
-The construced the Grand Canal which was the worlds largest project before modern times.
-In 618 a disgrunted minister assassinated the emperor and brought the dynast to an end.
-Sui Yangdi dependence on high taxes and froced labor generated hostility toward his rule.
Tang Dynasty-Survived for almost three hundred years
-Tang rulers organized China into a powerful, productive, and prosperous society.
-The equal-field system governed the allocation of agricultured land.
- The last Tang emperor abdicated his throne, and the dynasty came to an end.
Period: to Feb 6, 1279
- Reimposed centerlized imperial rule in the late 10th century -The first Song emperor, began his career as a junior military officer serving one of the most powerful warlord in Northern China.
Period: to Feb 6, 1267
Chola Kingdom-DId not have a centalized state they allowed considerable autonomy
-Did not Collapsed complately just down sized in power
Period: to Apr 21, 1175
Toltec Empire-Toltecs trapped the waters of the nearby River Tula to irrigate crops of maize, beans, peppers, tomatoes, chiles, and cotton.
-Tula became an important center of weaving, pottery and obsidian work.
-About 1125 CE the Toltec empire faced serious difficulties as conflicts between the different ethnic groups living at Tula led to civil strife.
Period: to Feb 11, 1431
Kingdom of Angkor-The king that built Angkro Thom designed the city as a microcosmic reflection of the Hindu world order
-During yur 12th century the Khmer Kings constructed a smaller but even more elaborate temple center at Angkor