Musical Traits in the Post 1900sIn the 20th centuries, there were multiple styles. One of these was Maximalism. It was a style in which musical elements were pushed to the extreme. Another style was Impressionism. In Impressionism, melody was an important element, but they were not required to follow traditional expectations. Lastly of the most notable musical styles is Expressionism. Expressionism was the most "rebellious" of Post-Romantic styles. It turned away from all expectations of traditional music.
Major Historical Events (Not Music Related)In 1900, The deadliest hurricane in US history happened. It was known as "The Great Galveston Hurricane".
In 1912, The Titanic struck an iceberg and sunk.
In 1917, The US joins World War 1.
In 1920, Prohibition becomes a law.
In 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president.
In 1939, Britain and France declare war on Germany.
In 1941, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, US enters WW2
In 1942, Germany begins their assault on Stalingrad
In 1944, D-Day occurs
In 1945, Japan surrenders
GenresMany genres were used in the 20th century. Some of them include anthem, ballet, canon, cantata, contrafact, electronic genres, fugues, mapped music, incidental music, internet genres, masque, musicals, operas, orchestral sets, passion, passacaglia, sonatas, string quartets, rondo, theme and variations,
Claude Debussy (1862-1918)Debussy was a French composer and pianist. He was the inventor of musical impressionism and is influential to modern composers. He made many piano works, chamber music, tone poems, stage works, and songs.
Richard Strauss (1864-1949)Strauss was a composer of tone poems and some of the first modern operas. He was also an accomplished composer. His works epitomize maximalism. He made symphonic poems, 15 operas, 150 Lieder, stage works, orchestral works, chamber music, piano works and writings.
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)Schoenberg is known as "The father of 12-tone music. He was important as an innovator and was also the teacher of Anton von Webern and Alban Berg. He made many operas, songs, canons, piano works, writing, symphonies, choral and chamber music.
Charles Ives (1874-1954)Charles Ives was an American composer. He is probably the most innovate, original, and creative of all the 20th century. He worked in isolation and made a living in insurance. Ives made many songs, piano works, orchestral sets and other works, symphonies, choral music, band music, chamber music, and writings.
Francis Poulenc (1899-1963)Poulenc was a French composer. His style can be described as delicate, harmonically charming and sometimes irreverent. He made many piano works, choral music, concertos, and chamber music.