Post-1900s Era (1900s-2000)

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    Claude Debussy

    Most important French composer of the early 20th century
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    Richard Strauss

    Composer of tone poems and some of the first modern operas, works epitomize maximalism
  • Period: to

    Jean Sibelius

    Finnish whose later music is very modern
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    Ralph Vaughan Williams

    Became the leader in English music
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    Sergei Rachmaniov

    Not interested in nationalism; master of melody
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    Charles Ives

    American composer who was very innovative and original
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    Arnold Schoenberg

    The father of 12-tone music
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    Gustav Holst

    English; influenced by folksong and Hindu mysticism
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    Maurice Ravel

    French impressionist composer
  • Period: to

    Manuel de Falla

    The principal Spanish composer of the 20th century
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    Igor Stravinsky

    One of the most versatile and interesting composers of the 20th century
  • Period: to

    Anton von Webern

    Student of Schoenberg; known for his musical brevity and clarity of texture
  • Period: to

    Alban Berg

    Student of Schoenberg; expressive often atonal language
  • Period: to

    Sergei Prokofiev

    Russian composer and pianist; important in Western culture
  • Period: to

    Paul Hindemith

    German conductor, teacher, author, and composer
  • Period: to

    William Grant Still

    First African-American composer to have his symphony performed by a leading orchestra and conduct a major orchestra
  • Period: to

    George Gershwin

    Influential American composer, pianist, and conductor who worked in Hollywood
  • Period: to

    Francis Poulenc

    French composer; harmonically charming
  • Period: to

    Duke Ellington

    American jazz composer, band leader, and pianist; created a unique style of big band jazz
  • Period: to

    Aaron Copland

    Most popular American composer of the 20th century
  • The first radio receiver successfully receives a radio transmission

    The first radio receiver successfully receives a radio transmission
  • The London Symphony Orchestra was founded

    The London Symphony Orchestra was founded
  • Albert Einstein publishes the Theory of Relativity

    Albert Einstein publishes the Theory of Relativity
  • Lee deforest invents the electronic amplifying tube

    Lee deforest invents the electronic amplifying tube
  • Period: to

    Dimitri Shostakovich

    Most important Russian composer working in his day
  • Period: to

    Elliot Carter

    contributed compositions into the 21st century
  • Period: to

    John Cage

    American composer and philosopher; center of avant-garde music
  • Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring premieres

    Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring premieres
    At the Théâtre des Champs Élysées, a riot ensued
  • Period: to

    Benjamin Britten

    Most prolific and best-known composer of the 20th century
  • World War I begins

    World War I begins
  • Period: to

    Leonard Bernstein

    American conductor and composer; brought classical music to the public via various media
  • Women's suffrage movement pushes for women's right to vote to be implemented

  • Julliard School of Music opens

    Julliard School of Music opens
  • Pierre Boulez

    French composer who advocated total serialism
  • Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin

    Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
  • Period: to

    Karl Stockhausen

    German composer who helped pioneer electronic music and modern notation
  • George Crumb

    American composer popular for expressing despair during the Vietnam War
  • First electrified guitars invented

    First electrified guitars invented
  • Neo-Bechstein (first electric-acoustic piano) is invented

    Neo-Bechstein (first electric-acoustic piano) is invented
  • John Williams

    John Williams
    American composer considered one of the best film score composers in America
  • Stereo Records invented by Alan Blumlein

    Stereo Records invented by Alan Blumlein
  • Terry Riley

    Terry Riley
    One of the founders of minimalism
  • Philip Glass

    Philip Glass
    American-Jewish composer and performer, one of the innovators of minimalism
  • World War II begins

    World War II begins
    Germany invades Poland
  • Frank Sinatra establishes himself as a solo performer

    Frank Sinatra establishes himself as a solo performer
  • Paul Lansky

    Paul Lansky
    American pioneer in digital sound synthesis
  • American drops Atom Bomb on Japan

    American drops Atom Bomb on Japan
    Nagasaki and Hiroshima
  • John Adams

    John Adams
    American Composer and conductor; expanded minimalism and neo-romanticism
  • Andrew Lloyd Webber

    Andrew Lloyd Webber
    British composer of extraordinary contemporary fame and success
  • The Fender Esquire (Telecaster) is released

    The Fender Esquire (Telecaster) is released
    The world's first commercially successful solid body electric guitar
  • Miles Davis releases Kind of Blue

    Miles Davis releases Kind of Blue
    Most famous Jazz album of all time
  • Passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

    Passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
  • Neil Armstrong becomes first man to walk on the moon

    Neil Armstrong becomes first man to walk on the moon
  • Eric Whitacre

    Eric Whitacre
    American composer and conductor, famous for virtual choir and neo-tonal style
  • Compact Disc (CD) is released

    Compact Disc (CD) is released
  • The Berlin Wall is brought down

    The Berlin Wall is brought down