Post-1900s Era (1930-2000)

Timeline created by brendapuente45
In Music
  • Period: to

    Carlos Chavez

    Carlos Chavez was born in 1899 and died in 1979. He was a very important Mexican composer of the 20th century. He wrote many symphonies, instrumental works, and was a theory teacher as well as a government official. He founded the Mexican Symphonic Orchestra and to do what he did he was very influenced by his culture and native music.
  • Period: to

    Aaron Copland

    Aaron Copland was born in 1900 and died in 1990. He was one of the most sought after and popular composers of the 20th century. He was a writer, teacher, conductor. He wrote 3 symphonies, 6 ballet pieces, chamber music, 2 operas, and many more things. His style was often referred to as the "populist" which meant that it was very accessible to other composers.
  • Period: to

    The Radio

    The radio is one of the inventions made in this time period and since it started its debut it has been improving and innovating along the century. The radio was not invented by one single person but by multiple people. The patented eventually went to Nikola Tesla and Guglielmo Marconi. The radio has been used to feature all different types of music, news, sports across the world.
  • Period: to

    Dimitri Shostakovich

    Shostakovich was born in 1906 and died in 1975. He was a very important Russian composer and pianist. He wrote 15 different symphonies, operas, orchestra works, ballet, chamber music, etc. His music is best described as polystylistic.
  • Period: to

    John Cage

    John cage was born in 1912 and died in 1992. He was an American composer who also dabbled in philosophy. He was one of the first people to discover indeterminacy in music which ultimately changed the definition of music as a whole, making him a very innovative composer of the 20th century.
  • Period: to

    Leonard Bernstein

    Leonard Bernstein was born in 1918 and died in 1990. He was a very famous and influential American composer, teacher, pianist, and had many films and documentaries made about him and his work. His most famous piece of work Is his composition for the musical westside story. Berenstein was the first- American conductor to lead an American orchestra.
  • Period: to

    Louis Armstrong

    Louis Armstrong was born in 1901 and died in 1971. He was an American trumpet player who was very influential in jazz, very influential that some might say he "revolutionized" it. He was a singer and also conducted many pieces. He was most popular from the 1920s to the 1960s and had done work in areas such as improv and solo performance.
  • Expressionism

    Expressionism first started in Germany with Arnold Schoenberg. In this style of music atonality was created; meaning that having a tonal center in music was abandoned and all 12 notes were always treated equally. This style created a very expressive and emotionally strong style of music. This music made it optional to have melodies and was very rebellious.
  • Period: to

    John Williams

    John Williams was born in 1932 and is still alive to this day. He is a famous American composer, trombonist, and pianist. During his lifetime he made many multimillion-dollar movie film scores over 80 film scores. John Williams has won 25 Grammys, 4 golden globes, 52 academy award nominations, and many more awards for his work. Many composers and musicians today look toward John Williams's work for musical inspiration.
  • Period: to

    Philip Glass

    Phillip Glass was a famous American composer born in 1937. He was very influential because his music often was very stylistically dramatic and he wrote many different types of orchestral, vocal, and piano arrangements. His work is defined as very minimalistic where many phrases repeat and layers in his music increase and decrease.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War

    The cold war was between the United States and the Soviet Union. The two countries had tension that was geographical meaning they were fighting over land. The amount of time the war lasted is not agreed upon but roughly is from 1947 to 1991. The war is labeled the way it is because the two countries weren't actually fighting and just fought in multiple "proxy wars:"
  • Period: to

    Minimalism

    This style of music was most often used in John Adams, John Cage, and many more composers' works. It was the style that was repetitive, and pitches, chords, and rhythms were repeated over long phrases with small changes to it over time which made the music very simplistic.
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

    this war was the resistance war against America and Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the soviet union and china, while South Vietnam was supported by The United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, and Thailand. The war lasted 19 years
  • Period: to

    Eric Whitacre

    Born in 1970, Eric Whitacre is a very influential American composer who wrote many bands, orchestras, and chamber music among other works. He is known for his writing style which is neo-tonal.
  • Period: to

    Neo Tonality

    This term points to, is used in many different pieces of the 20th century. This is very often used now than ever because it uses tonic-dominant relationships often and more nontraditional chords and tonalities are added and more accepted like dissonant intervals, seventh and seconds.